Loading in 2 Seconds...
Loading in 2 Seconds...
The Impact of the Economic Crisis on Communities of Color & Strategies for Moving Forward john a. powell Director, Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity Williams Chair in Civil Rights & Civil Liberties, Moritz College of Law
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
john a. powell
Director, Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity
Williams Chair in Civil Rights & Civil Liberties, Moritz College of Law
People of Color in Philanthropy NetworkMay 8, 2009Seattle, WA
The current recession has affected everyone – but not all to the same degree.
Although the U.S. has been in a recession for more than a year, people of color have been in a recession for nearly five years and have entered a depression during the current economic crisis.
“The State of Opportunity: 2009 Report.” The Opportunity Agenda
Since the recession began in December 2007:
Bureau of Labor Statistics & http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/29843053/
Marlow, Ron, and Andrew Sum. “A Job Crisis for Young Black Men.” The Boston Globe 22 Apr 2009.
Labor Force Participation Rates
*Data from American Community Survey. Note that the unemployed are still calculated as being actively in the labor force
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Kim, Marlene and Algernon Austin. “Stuck in Neutral.” EPI Briefing Paper 228. 9 Mar 2009.
United for a Fair Economy, “Foreclosed: State of the Dream 2008”
Maps produced and adapted from Charles Bromley, SAGES Presidential Fellow, Case Western University
African American homeownership gains were reversed after 2004; they have reverted to 2000 levels.
Austin, Algernon. “Reversal of Fortune.” EPI Briefing Paper #220 18 Sept. 2008.
This ratio was at a record high of 63.5% in 2000. Once the 2001 recession and weak economic recovery hit, these gains were lost and have yet to be recovered.
Austin, Algernon. “What a Recession Means for Black America.” EPI Issue Brief # 241. 18 Jan. 2008.
If we fail to pay attention to populations and the resources that communities possess, we are likely to repeat the mistakes of the New Deal.
For example, Social Security benefits were initially denied to household and farm laborers – effectively excluding 65% of the Black population at the time
How do we avoid the New Deal mistakes?
We must be intentional.
Policies should be targeted and programs should be structured so that they reach certain populations and communities.
Targeted policies alone are not desirable because they appear to show favoritism toward a certain group, thus stigmatizing them.
Universal policies alone are not truly universal.
They fail to account for the fact that people are situated differently in the economic and social landscape
“Universal” policies are often based on a non-universal standard
Ex: Social Security: able-bodied white males working outside the home full-time for pay
Thus… Targeted Universalism
Key:Red = job training Boxes = isolated neighborhood (not addressed by universal program)
If people in red receive job training through the universal program, Group B would seemingly benefit more than Group A (more people in red).
Although the universal program affected everyone in red, Group B is still constrained by living in isolated neighborhoods (the boxes).
Targeted Universalism recognizes racial disparities and the importance of eradicating them, while acknowledging their presence within a larger inequitable, institutional framework
Targeted universalism is a common framework through which to pursue justice.
A model which recognizes our linked fate
A model where we all grow together
A model where we embrace collective solutions
Attempts to address singular issues in isolated ways will ultimately fail
Targeted interventions must recognize the interconnected nature of our structures
While many policy areas can appear distinct, we must think of them collectively.
Is this an urban policy issue?
An environmental issue?
A jobs/economic issue?
We need to identify both the problems and the opportunities that exist.
A systems perspective would advocate that we focus on design and outputs rather instead of inputs and the process.
that connect people to jobs)
Wiley, Maya. “Economic Recovery for Everyone: Racial Equity and Prosperity,” Center for Social Inclusion, 12/2008.
What do racially sensitive policies look like?
Targeted: They recognize the nature of our interconnected structures / larger inequitable, institutional framework.
Pay attention to situatedness: They account for the fact that people are situated differently in the economic and social landscape of society.
Driven by outcomes: It may seem great if unemployment is cut in half, but if all the jobs go to white males, serious problems remain.
Include people of color in the process: Their input is vital.
What do racially sensitive policies look like?
Transparent: - Transparency allows for gauging progress and making corrections if necessary.
Multi-faceted: Incentivize a systems approach. Reorient how we think about policy.
Serve as a bridge to the next economy: These policies should be the stepping stones for the future.
1) Do what’s “fair” - a lot of people receive a little help
2) Triage – help those who are in the worst situation
3) Transformative – figure out what went wrong in
order to correct it
Reflect on the intersection of need and opportunity
Some communities and people have greater needs (i.e., communities suffering from high foreclosure rates)
Focus on strategic interventions / turning points
“Will this make the water turn into steam?”
We should be proactive rather than passive!
This is our government, our money, and our
Reuters: Toby Melville; Digby Oldridge/PR Eye; Chris Ison/PA
What are these billions of dollars actually fixing?
Are we only fixing the ‘status quo’?
Are we transformative yet?
Are opportunity gaps shrinking?
Mind the gap & fix the gap:
Reduce the existing disparities between communities of color both in terms of people and places while growing the economy for all
■ Baseline ■ Monitoring ■ Strategy
Bivens, Josh, John Irons, and Ethan Pollack. “Transportation Investments and the Labor Market.” EPI Issue Brief #252, 7 Apr. 2009.
Draw on your experience and research
Present a clear, informed perspective regarding communities of color that have been devastated by the economic recession
Foundations need to proactively shape and direct the flow of money.
Intervene in the public dialogue:
Targeting the flow of stimulus money dispersed to states
Connecting education and housing policy through the targeted use of LIHTC funds
Employ strategic communications regarding race
Help push national dialogue to overcome the common binary of (1) we’re in a post-racial world where race ‘doesn’t matter’; (2) we’re stuck in the past where race is ‘everything’
Emphasize productive discussions around race that thoughtfully inform policy design and advocacy
Increase the participation of marginalized groups in policy design
Improve data collection, monitoring, and evaluation of state and federal programs
And… Coming soon: