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Radio Frequency Identification Policy & Implementation Strategy April 5, 2005. Transformation is a Requirement. “To win the global war on terror, the armed forces simply have to be more flexible, more agile, so that our forces can respond more quickly. ”. United States Secretary of Defense

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Transformation is a Requirement

“To win the global war on terror, the armed forces simply have to be more flexible, more agile, so that our forces can respond more quickly. ”

United States Secretary of Defense

Donald Rumsfeld, March 6, 2003

The static approaches of the Cold War are obsolete.



Operation Iraqi Freedom: a different kind of engagement

A lighter, more lethal force . . .

Theater Distribution Center

OIF data through Jan 04

. . . with logistics challenges in forward areas.

More of an emphasis on flow, less of an emphasis on inventory.



Ad hoc In-theater Capabilities

A route sheet at the Theater Distribution Center, a deployed break bulk and cross dock operation.



building a network while on the move

LSA Diamondback

200 miles

LSA Anaconda


Al Kut AB




LSA Adder,

FLB Cedar


350 miles

LSA Bushmaster

LSA Viper


Camps Arifjan,

Fox, Doha, PA,

Udari, NY, NJ, VA

Ash Shuwayk

Al Shuaybah

Kuwaiti Naval


Al Jaber Airbase

Kuwait International Airport

Theater Distribution Center

Building a network while on the move

3 weeks later

Approximate distances

Washington, DC to Chicago: 595 miles

London to Berlin: 600 miles

Kuwait City to Mosul: 700 miles



our response
Our Response
  • Synchronize Moves Across Global Chain
  • Reform Joint Theater Distribution
  • Take RFID to the Next Level



Service Reps

Deployment & Distribution Operations Center



Unity of Effort

Joint Effects

  • DDOC-FWD Mission Statement:
  • Executes US Central Command (CENTCOM) deployment and distribution priorities
  • Validates/directs mode selection of intra-theater with Land, Air, and Maritime Component Commanders
  • Adjudicates identified CENTCOM distribution and intra-theater shortfalls
  • Coordinates additional US Transportation Command support
  • Provides TAV and ITV for inter and intra-theater forces and materiel
  • Synchronizes effective theater retrograde

Connecting to the theater.



Pure Pallets…Improving Theater Distribution

  • Before: Mixed Pallet
  • Multiple services
  • Multiple locations
  • Requires break bulk in forward area
  • After: Pure Pallet
  • Unit load for a single destination
  • Seamless flow to the warfighter
  • Standard after 3 Nov 03

26th FSB

26th FSB

1st TFW




26th FSB

26th FSB

426th FSB

101st ABN

123rd MSB

1st AD

Shipping pallets configured for delivery from the United States.



Take RFID to the next level…

Visibility is Critical to Effective Logistics Support


the rfid vision
The RFID Vision

Implement knowledge-enabled logistics through fully automated visibility and management of assets in support of the warfighter


dod rfid goals
DoD RFID Goals
  • Increase Warfighter/Customer Confidence in the Reliability of the DoD Supply Chain
  • Improve Visibility of Information and Assets throughout the DoD Supply Chain
  • Improve Process Efficiency of Shipping, Receiving and Inventory Management
  • Reduce Order Ship Time and Customer Wait Time


an enabler to the integrated dod supply chain

Timely and Accurate Data

An Enabler to the Integrated DoD Supply Chain

Cases/Pallets are labeled with passive RFID tags. Cases are associated to pallet

Cases/Pallets are read as they are received and new shipments are labeled. Orders are verified for accuracy

Cases/Pallets are associated with Active RFID to provide TAV.

Data is timely and accurate via network of linked readers allowing asset visibility along the entire supply chain



Distribution Centers/Depots/TDCs

Commercial/Military Carriers

TMO/Supply/Theater Depots

The cases/pallets are automatically received with few disputes and info is shared with the AISs. Reconfigured shipments receive a new RFID Tag.

When shipments are reconfigured a new RFID Tag is created for the pallet and associated with cases on that pallet

Customers have visibility of requisitions and are confident in the status provided by the system


rfid scope standards
RFID Scope/Standards

Active RFID – freight containers, air pallets

  • SAVI 433 Mhz readers
  • SAVI tags
  • DoD tag data formats
  • Suppliers rarely obligated to apply tags

Passive RFID – case & pallet (all items), item packaging (UID items)

  • EPC std UHF readers
  • EPC Class 0 & 1 std tags
    • Migration to EPC UHF Generation 2 std
  • EPC and DoD tag data formats
  • Suppliers will be contractually obligated to apply tags


global standards key to success
Global Standards Key to Success
  • DoD adopted EPCglobal standards for passive RFID
    • Leverages the marketplace
    • Government and Commercial sectors on same standard
  • Consistent standard anywhere the Department operates in the world
  • Consistent standard with all suppliers
  • Drive for consistent standards and interoperability with Allies



Complementary use across the logistics supply chain

Transportation/Supply/Theater Depots/TDCs



Distribution Centers/Depots







January 1, 2005

Classes of Supply:

  • II, VI, IX, I (PORs/MREs)

Level of Tagging:

  • Shipping Containers, Palletized Unit

Loads, Exterior Containers

Ship to locations:

  • San Joaquin, Susquehanna

Passive RFID Implementation Plan for DoD Suppliers

January 1, 2006

60,000 DoD Manufacturers/Suppliers

Classes of Supply:

  • Begin All Classes

Level of Tagging:

  • Shipping Containers, Palletized Unit Loads, Exterior Containers

Ship to locations:

  • Strategic CONUS DLA Depots, TRANSCOM Facilities & Service Maintenance Facilities

New and revised contracts

Classes of Supply

Level of


Ship to Locations

January 1, 2007

Classes of Supply:

  • All Classes

Level of Tagging:

  • Shipping Containers, Palletized Unit Loads, Exterior Containers, UID Item Unit Pack

Ship to locations: All Locations


steps to implementation
Steps to Implementation
  • Begin implementation at key sites
  • Develop Contractual Requirements
  • Develop the Data Transaction & Transmission Capability


key operational passive rfid sites
Key Operational Passive RFID Sites
  • Distribution Centers at Susquehanna PA and San Joaquin CA
  • Fleet and Industrial Supply Center Ocean Terminal in Norfolk VA
  • 2nd Force Service Support Group at Camp Lejeune NC
  • In progress….shipments between operating units in Iraq


contractual requirement
Contractual Requirement
  • Two Major Requirements for Suppliers
    • Passive Tagging at the case and pallet level in accordance with the Implementation Plan
    • Advance Ship Notice (ASN)
  • DFAR clause references the MIL-STD 129P (3) for implementation details
    • Definitions
    • Tag Data Standards
    • Tag Placement
    • Performance Requirements


rfid data flow
RFID Data Flow





Web Entry


RFID Middle-ware


Distribution Centers/Depots



implementation lessons learned
Implementation Lessons Learned
  • Business process changes required to capture real benefit and business value
    • RFID improved timeliness and accuracy of receiving and shipping by 3%
    • User training improved performance
  • Technology is reliable
    • Read rates around 96%
    • Equipment ready to use just 33 days after decision on technology
    • Equipment operational 100% of the time



Benefits Across the Supply Chain

Transportation/Supply/Theater Depots/TDCs



Distribution Centers/Depots


Improve Intransit and Asset Visibility

Initial benefit areas

Improve Shipping/Receiving/Transportation Timeliness

Improve Shipping/Receiving/Transportation Accuracy

Improved Inv Mgt

Improved Inventory Mgt

Reduced Costs

Improved Labor Productivity

Other benefit areas

Reduce NISs

Reduced Pipeline

Pipeline Reduction

Eliminates dup

Speed Payment Process

Automated Receipt

Automated Receipt and Acceptance

Reduce Shrinkage

Reduce Shrinkage

Demand/ Information Flow


next steps
Next Steps
  • Publish DFARS Rule for passive RFID
  • Provide Education and Outreach to the Acquisition Community
  • Perform Safety Certification Testing for passive RFID
  • Receive and Ship Tagged Materiel


don t get stuck in the box

discussing the potential

of the barcode in 1975*

*“Scanning Hits a Snag,” Progressive Grocer, December 1975, p. 47

Don’t get stuck in the box

“I think the industry has sold itself on a program that offers so little return that it simply won’t be worth the trouble and expense.”

A Midwestern

Grocery Chain Executive


for your information
For Your Information
  • For further information that can assist you with compliance, visit:
    • DoD RFID Policy
    • DoD RFID Supplier Implementation Plan
    • DoD Suppliers’ Passive RFID Information Guide
    • MIL-STD 129P(3) (Updated with RFID changes)
    • Draft Wide Area Workflow (WAWF) Implementation Convention (IC) Guides
    • Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
    • Schedule of RFID Events where DoD RFID personnel will be speaking
  • You can ask the team any RFID-related question through the following email address: