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MAKING TOY ADAPTATIONS. Brian Simms, M.A. CCC-SLP Assistive Technology Specialist Assistive Technology Partners. A Plan for Our Time. Review purpose of play Identify steps to adapting toys Identify how children use toys and techniques for play facilitation

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making toy adaptations

MAKING TOY ADAPTATIONS

Brian Simms, M.A. CCC-SLP

Assistive Technology Specialist

Assistive Technology Partners

a plan for our time
A Plan for Our Time
  • Review purpose of play
  • Identify steps to adapting toys
  • Identify how children use toys and techniques for play facilitation
  • Examine materials for making adaptations
  • ACTIVITY- Brainstorm your toys
  • Other?
why do children play
Why Do Children Play?
  • Cognitive Understanding
  • Problem solving
  • Practice new skills  persistence in problems solving
  • Perseverance- pleasure from completing a task
  • Social-emotional development
  • Practice social skills
  • Language Use
  • Motor Development
  • BECAUSE IT SURE BEATS WORKIN’ !!

Transdisciplinary Play Based Assessment (Linder, 1993)

children with disabilities and play
Children with Disabilities and Play
  • Children with developmental delays progress through the same sequence of development, but
    • Reduced repertoire of play skills
    • Reduced language during play
    • Less sophisticated representational play
    • Limited selection of play materials (Not the case after today )

Transdisciplinary Play Based Assessment (Linder, 1993)

steps to adapting toys
STEPS TO ADAPTING TOYS
  • Assess the Child’s Abilities (Child)
  • Target Play Behavior (Play Skill)
  • Select Toy (Toy)
  • Make Adaptations & Modifications (Materials)
  • PLAY!!!!
step 1 child s abilities
Cognitive

Sensory

Hearing

Vision

Integration

Motor

Gross

Fine

Communication

Comprehension

Production

Social-Emotional

STEP 1: Child’s Abilities
step 2 target play behavior
STEP 2: Target Play Behavior
  • What is the next developmental play step?
  • What category of play you would like to target?
step 2 target play behavior cont d
STEP 2: Target Play Behavior (cont’d)
  • Developmental Sequence of Play Behavior (handout)
  • Categories of Play
    • Exploratory-sensory toys
    • Functional- telephone, pots n’ pans
    • Constructive- blocks
    • Dramatic or Symbolic- using a shoe for a phone
    • Games-with-rules- board games, tag, etc.
    • Rough-and-tumble- wrestling

Transdisciplinary Play Based Assessment (Linder, 1993)

step 3 select the toy
STEP 3: Select the Toy
  • Developmentally appropriate
  • Multi-sensory appeal
  • Method of activation
  • Opportunities for success
  • Self-expression
  • Adjustability
  • Safety and durability
  • Potential for interaction

The National Lekotek Centerwww.lekotek.org

step 4 make adaptations materials to use
Velcro (there’s a variety!)

Tongue depressors

Dycem

Fabric

Dowel Rods

Wooden handles

Switches

Magnets

Felt Dots

Battery Interrupter

Rubber Bands

Pipe insulation/hair curlers

PVC pipe

Suction cups

STEP 4: Make AdaptationsMATERIALS TO USE

IMAGINATION!!!

step 5 play techniques for facilitating play
STEP 5: Play!!Techniques for Facilitating Play
  • Parallel play- playing along side child
  • Imitation- copying child’s activity
  • Modeling- demonstrating how to play
  • Expansion – building upon play skills
activity
ACTIVITY
  • Get in groups/teams of …
  • Pick a toy from the bin
  • Describe child’s abilities (Child)
  • Target play behavior (Play Skill)
  • Select the Toy. Tell why you selected that toy. (Toy)
  • How will you adapt the toy or activity?(Materials)
what we covered
What we covered
  • Why children need to play
  • Resources for identifying play skills
  • Examined materials to adapt toys
  • Created our own, unique adaptations!
  • What did you learn that was useful? How will you apply it?
review steps to adapting toys
Review: Steps to Adapting Toys
  • Assess the Child’s Abilities (Child)
  • Target Play Behavior (Play Skill)
  • Select Toy (Toy)
  • Make Adaptations & Modifications (Materials)
  • PLAY!!!!
useful websites
Useful Websites
  • Lekotek
    • Great resource for accessible play ideas
    • www.lekotek.org
  • Patty King-Debaun
    • Alternative communication strategies and resources
    • www.creative-comm.com
useful websites1
Useful Websites
  • Let’s Play Project
    • Toy adaptations, communication and play
    • cosmos.buffalo.edu/letsplay/AT/at.html
  • Simplified Technology
    • Assistive technology and early childhood
    • www.lburkhart.com
other resources
Other Resources
  • PVC Book
    • Great ideas for the early childhood
    • How to make inexpensive toys & seating out of PVC pipe.
    • Created by our own Diane Brians
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