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INCORPORATING HOSTILE ACTION DRILLS INTO THE REP PROGRAM IN ILLINOIS. Ken Evans Illinois Emergency Management Agency Division of Nuclear Safety Bureau of Nuclear Facility Safety (REP Conference: April 21 2009. OVERVIEW: . State of Illinois conducts many exercises

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  1. INCORPORATING HOSTILE ACTION DRILLS INTO THE REP PROGRAM IN ILLINOIS Ken Evans Illinois Emergency Management Agency Division of Nuclear Safety Bureau of Nuclear Facility Safety (REP Conference: April 21 2009

  2. OVERVIEW: • State of Illinois conducts many exercises • Six nuclear plant sites in Illinois • Three exercises per year, plus three practice drills, for a total of six drills a year • In 2007, 2008 and 2009, this increased with two tabletops and two hostile action-based EP drills added • We can not and should not be required to do everything in every drill

  3. March 2007-Quad Cities NPP conducts the first official Phase III Threat-Based tabletop in the nation




  7. April 2007 – Quad Cities Threat-Based drill

  8. LESSONS LEARNED: STATESUCCESS FACTORS (WHAT WE THINK WE DID RIGHT) • Treated the hostile action-based EP drill with the same effort as a REP Exercise • Communicated frequently with Exelon the special needs for a successful State demonstration • Build on past experience • Incorporated lessons learned from first drill into the second, and then third drill and then the fourth and now working on the fifth (continue to enhance)

  9. LESSONS LEARNED: WHAT WENT WRONG • Scheduling is harder than you think • April 22, 2009 LaSalle Tabletop • Here I am • I was to be there

  10. LESSONS LEARNED: FROM 2007 TO 2008 • Rev 1 to NEI document allowed drills to flow normally in 2008 • Shelter became our preferred protective action recommendation • We developed a “Stay in Place” message during the Byron Drill

  11. LESSONS LEARNED: PROTECTIVE ACTION RECOMMENDATIONS • In a hostile action drill the radiation threat can be secondary • The utility impediment clause was not used by the utility in the Braidwood and Dresden drill • The State of Illinois recommended shelter even though the utility recommended evacuation

  12. PAR LESSONS LEARNED CONTINUED • Many First Responders are trying to enter the EPZ as fast as possible • The public evacuating at the same time first responders are entering creates a problem • Stay in Place messages are not PARS since their main purpose is to keep the public off the roads

  13. SOME PAR OBSERVATIONS • Hostile Action Drills can introduce additional risks to PAR decisions • REP Exercises have viewed evacuations as a no risk decision • We used stay in place messages not as a PAR but as a tool to increase response time

  14. LESSONS LEARNED: COMMUNICATIONS • Adding an Incident Command Post (ICP) created a new challenge for communications • At the first drill there was not a utility representative • At the second drill we added a utility representative to the ICP • There are now two representatives one from security and one from operations

  15. COMMUNICATIONS LESSONS LEARNED CONTINUED • Timing is everything in communications. The first source fills a vacuum • One example was the ICP started to communicate the utility’s evacuation PAR and did not receive the State’s shelter PAR until later • In another our REAC facility heard of an attack on the station from our Terrorism center before we received a call from the station

  16. COMMUNICATIONS CONTINUED • Hostile Action Drills present more communications challenges because more organizations participate than in a normal REP Exercise • It is important that communication channels be formally defined • In Illinois the use of the StarCom radio system has solved some of these problems

  17. NIMS AND STANDARD DRILLS • After running several Hostile Action Drills it is obvious that one size does not fit all • NIMS purpose was to standardize the response • The NRC is currently considering requiring licensees to adopt NIMS • NIMS may have standardized terminology but you can never standardize personalities

  18. PLANNING FOR A HOSTILE ACTION DRILL • Today as we plan for the LaSalle drill we use many of the same tools we would for a REP Exercise • The big difference is that the Tabletop is part of the planning process • The tabletop is more important than the Dress Rehearsal has been for the Exercise because you have organizations that normally do not participate in a REP Exercise

  19. DEFINE THE SCOPE • In our first year of hostile action drills we were not sure who would participate • Timelines were vague at the start of the planning process • The end result was by not defining the scope at the start the expectations were not always met • Secure commitments early on so the scope can be established

  20. OBJECTIVES IN HOSTILE ACTION DRILLS • At the State level we are not required to submit objectives as we do for a REP Exercise • In 2008 we started to do objectives • Many of the standard REP objectives can and are demonstrated during a Hostile Action Drill • Objectives although not required are helpful to evaluate the success of the drill

  21. TIMELINE FOR A HOSTILE ACTION DRILL • Timelines are critical for a Hostile Action Drill • Use of a timeline is the quickest way to determine if participants will have adequate time to play and accomplish their objectives • One problem noted has been most timelines have not supported UAC participation

  22. MESSAGES FOR A HOSTILE ACTION DRILL • The tabletop has proven to be a valuable tool for identifying agencies that may require special messages to drive their actions in a manner to support the drill • Our experience has been that Hostile Action Drills initially require more coordination to develop messages than a REP Exercise

  23. MESSAGES CONTINUED • Use the tabletop to identify normal lines of communication • Messages take the place of information that would have been provided in a real event by an organization or individuals that are not able to participate in a drill

  24. MESSAGES CONTINUED • The new FEMA REP Manual may add additional objectives • Messages may be needed to drive new objectives • In summary messages are your friends

  25. GOING FORWARD • REP Exercises will benefit from the lessons learned from Hostile Action Drills • A Hostile Action Drill will become a REP Exercise • All REP Exercises share core objectives

  26. GOING FORWARD CONTINUED • A Hostile Action Drill introduces additional functions beyond a typical REP Exercise • In the past REP Exercises may have included additional objectives associated with severe natural phenomena such as a tornado. • The response in the past may have been limited to core REP objectives

  27. GOING FORWARD CONTINUED • Hostile Action Drills have expanded the scope of a REP Exercise • As we go forward we need to remember that not every Exercise requires everyone to play • Realistic Exercises like real events are limited to certain key responders. • This is why it may take an eight year cycle to exercise all agencies

  28. GOING FORWARD CONTINUED • We need to be creative to maximize the use of the time allocated for a drill or exercise • One idea proposed in the current guidance is to delay responders 10 minutes for every hour of real response time • The goal is to make the response somewhat realistic but not exclude organizations because they would never show up before the drill ends

  29. MORE OPTIONS • The good news is that REP Exercises will become less predictable now that there is more flexibility with objectives • Design exercises where the responders whether onsite or offsite have a chance to succeed • The bad news is more work

  30. THE CHALLENGE • Everyone is already busy with required exercises and real events • We are expanding the universe of participants • We can not expect everyone to play all the time • Balance the eight year exercise cycle

  31. END RESULT • More realistic and less predictable drills • Vertical integration of federal state and local responders • Clearly defined lines of communication • Partnerships established among the utility and all response organizations

  32. QUESTIONS? Contact information: Ken Evans Illinois Emergency Management Agency 1035 Outer Park Drive Springfield, IL 62704 (217) 558-6248 Ken.Evans@Illinois.gov

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