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Chapter 13 Production and Beyond Producing Products Resources Capitol People Knowledge Materials Energy Tools/Machines Processes Product Life Cycle Need Dispose Design Produce Use Purchase Free Enterprise Cost of a product Materials Labor Overhead Profit Consumer Demand

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chapter 13

Chapter 13

Production and Beyond

producing products
Producing Products
  • Resources
    • Capitol
    • People
    • Knowledge
    • Materials
    • Energy
    • Tools/Machines
    • Processes
product life cycle
Product Life Cycle

Need

Dispose

Design

Produce

Use

Purchase

free enterprise
Free Enterprise
  • Cost of a product
    • Materials
    • Labor
    • Overhead
    • Profit
consumer demand
Consumer Demand
  • Market Survey
    • Who will buy this product?
    • What are the characteristics of the population that want to buy this product?
    • What are the long term potential for this product?
    • Are there other similar products?
    • What is the product’s potential market share?
    • What is the potential for other new competition?
    • How many products can I expect to sell?
production terminology
Production Terminology
  • Value added
  • Interchangeable Parts
  • Trade-Offs
  • “Time is Money”
  • Management / Structure
  • Fixed Costs
  • Variable Costs
  • Break Even Point
materials
Materials
  • Raw materials
    • Extracted and harvested from the earth, water or air.
    • Primary processes
    • Secondary processes
    • Final product
forming materials
Forming Materials
  • Bending
  • Pressing
    • Molds and Dies
  • Forging
  • Extruding and Drawing
  • Casting and molding
    • Patterns
    • Sand casting
    • Investment casting
    • Permanent molds
separating materials
Separating Materials
  • Takes away material – creates waste
  • Good planning = less waste
  • Shearing
  • Piercing
  • Blamiking
  • Die-Cutting
  • Chip Removal
  • Grinding
  • Electrical
  • Chemical
  • Thermal
assembly
Assembly
  • Mechanical
    • Joinery
    • Nails
    • Screws
    • Threading
  • Chemical
    • Adhesives
    • Thermal
production technology
Production Technology
  • Global Work force
  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)
  • Computer Aided Design (CAD)
  • Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM)
  • Automated Material Handling (AMH)
  • Total Quality Control (TQC)
  • Just In Time Manufacturing (JIT)
  • Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS)
  • Robotics
how does this affect you
How Does This Affect You?
  • Resources
  • Costs
  • Environment
  • Individualism
  • Product Designs
  • Restrictions
  • Employment / Jobs
  • Economic Systems