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ATP-ADP Cycle. ATP-ADP Cycle. Transformation of Energy Energy is the ability to do work. Thermodynamics is the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe . ATP-ADP Cycle. Laws of Thermodynamics

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atp adp cycle2
ATP-ADP Cycle
  • Transformation of Energy
    • Energyis the ability to do work.
    • Thermodynamicsis the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe.
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ATP-ADP Cycle
  • Laws of Thermodynamics
    • First law-Energy can be converted from one form to another, but it cannot be created nor destroyed.
    • Second law-Energy cannot be converted without the loss of usable energy.
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ATP-ADP Cycle
  • ATP – ADP Cycle
    • ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) transfers energy from the breakdown of food molecules to cell functions
    • Energy is released when a phosphate group (Pi) is removed
    • ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate) is changed into ATP when a phosphate group (Pi) is added
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ATP-ADP Cycle
  • Carbohydrates
    • Carbohydrates are the molecules most commonly broken down to make ATP.
        • not stored in large amounts
        • up to 36 ATP from one glucose molecule
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ATP-ADP Cycle
  • Lipids
    • Lipids store the most energy.
        • 80 percent of the energy in your body
        • About 146 ATP from a triglyceride
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ATP-ADP Cycle
  • Proteins
    • Proteins are least likely to be broken down to make ATP.
        • amino acids not usually needed for energy
        • about the same amount of energy as a carbohydrate