TOGETHER WE PREPARE. Winter Storms. Winter Storm. Winter storms are deceptive killers. Winter Storms: Make a Plan. Understand the hazards of wind chill. Service snow removal equipment before winter storm season.
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Winter Storm Winter storms are deceptive killers.
Winter Storms:Make a Plan • Understand the hazards of wind chill. • Service snow removal equipment before winter storm season. • Keep your car’s gas tank full for emergency use and to keep the fuel line from freezing. • Discuss with your family what to do if a winter storm WATCH or WARNING is issued.
Winter Storms:Make a Plan Protecting your property: • Make sure your home is properly insulated. • Install storm windows or cover windows with plastic from the inside. • Wrap pipes in insulation. • If the pipes freeze, remove any insulation or layers of newspapers and wrap pipes in rags.
Winter Storms:Make a Plan Protecting your property: • Consider storing sufficient heating fuel. • Consider keeping emergency heating equipment. • Install snow fences in rural areas. • If you live in a flood-prone area, consider purchasing flood insurance to cover possible flood damage.
Winter Storms:Build a Kit • A warm coat, gloves or mittens, hat and water-resistant boots. • Extra blankets and extra warm clothing. • Non-clumping kitty litter or sand.
Winter Storms:Build a Kit Disaster supplies kit for your car should include: • Several blankets or sleeping bags; • Rain gear and extra sets of dry clothing, mittens, socks and wool caps; • Extra newspapers for insulation and plastic bags for sanitation; • Canned fruit, nuts and high energy snacks, non-electric can opener and; • Several bottles of water.
Disaster Supplies Kit for your Car • A small shovel, a pocket knife, and small tools, such as pliers, a wrench and screwdriver; • A small bag of sand or kitty litter for generating traction under wheels, a set of tire chains or traction mats; • Jumper cables; • A first aid kit and necessary medications; • A flashlight with extra batteries; • A candle in a metal can or other fireproof container. • Matches; • Cards, games and puzzles; • A brightly colored cloth to tie to the antenna; and • Cell phone or two-way radio.
Winter Storms:Get Trained Take an American Red Cross first aid course to learn how to treat exposure to: • Cold; • Frostbite; and • Hypothermia.
Winter Storms: Watches vs. Warnings Watch: • A winter storm or blizzard might occur, generally within 12 to 36 hours. Warning: • A winter storm or blizzard is occurring or is imminent within about 30 minutes to an hour. A blizzard has sustained winds or frequent gusts to 35 miles per hour or greater and considerablefalling or blowing snow for a period of three hours or longer.
Driving Precautions • Have your car(s) winterized before the winter storm season. • Keep your cell phone battery charged. • Keep a windshield scraper and small broom. • Keep gas tank full. • Plan long trips carefully. • Be aware of sleet, freezing rain, freezing drizzle and dense fog.
Take Action If you get stuck in your car: • Stay with your vehicle. • Display a trouble sign to indicate you need help. • Run engine 10 minutes each hour to keep warm. • Leave the overhead light on when the engine is running so that you can be seen. • Do minor exercises to keep up circulation. • If more than one person is in the car, take turns sleeping.
Take Action If you get stuck in your car: • Huddle together for warmth. • Use newspapers, maps and even the removable car mats for added insulation. • Let in air. • Watch for signs of frostbite and hypothermia. • Drink fluids to avoid dehydration. • Avoid overexertion.
If a Watch is Issued: • Listen to a NOAA Weather Radio, or local radio or television stations for updated information. • Be aware of changing weather conditions. • Move animals to sheltered areas. • Avoid unnecessary travel. • Stay indoors
If a WARNING is Issued: • Stay indoors and dress warmly during the storm. • If power is out, listen to a battery-powered radio or television for updated emergency information. • Eat regularly. Keep the body replenished with fluids to prevent dehydration. • Conserve fuel. • Keep dry. • Stretch before you go out. • Avoid overexertion. • Walk carefully.
Hypothermia and Frostbite • Frostbite is the freezing of body tissues. It usually occurs in exposed areas of the body. Frostbite can cause the loss of fingers, hands, arms, toes, feet and legs. Symptoms include lack of feeling in the affected area and skin that appears waxy, is cold to the touch or is discolored. • Hypothermia occurs when the entire body cools because its ability to keep warm fails. Signs and symptoms include shivering, slow, irregular pulse, numbness, glassy stare, speech difficulty, poor coordination, apathy or change in the level of consciousness.
Afterwards… • Continue listening to local radio or television stations or a NOAA Weather Radio for updated information. • Help a neighbor. • Avoid driving and other travel until conditions have improved. • Avoid overexertion. • Follow forecasts and be prepared when venturing outside.