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The Southwest Region - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Southwest Region. Oklahoma City. Oklahoma. Texas. Austin. Arizona. Phoenix. New Mexico. Santa Fe. Agricultural Products. WHEAT and GRAIN. CORN. HOGS. LETTUCE. Natural Resources. Forest. WATER. Copper. URANIUM. STONE. Natural gas. SAND. SALT. Gulf. Bay.

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Oklahoma City






New Mexico

Santa Fe

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Agricultural Products





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Natural Resources






Natural gas



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A bay is a part of a sea or lake that cuts into a coastline to form a hollow curve.

A gulf is large area of ocean that reaches into land. It is larger than a bay.

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Gulf of Mexico

Gulf of California

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Colorado River : 1,450 miles

Colorado River

Did you know that the Colorado River carved out the Grand Canyon?

Did you that melting snow from the Rocky Mountains is a water source of the Colorado River? When the snow melts there is flooding. After the snow melts, there can be drought conditions.

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Rio Grande

Click here for more information about the Rio Grande.

  • The first Texas ranches or ranchos were set up along the Rio Grande river over 250 years ago by Spanish families from the area that is now Mexico. Many other words we use in Texas such as cowboy (vaquero) and roundup (rodeo) can be traced back to this Spanish heritage. Want to know more?

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Red River

Red River:

1,290 miles

The name "Oklahoma" comes from two Choctaw words: "okla" which means people and "humma" which means red. So the state's name means "red people."

  • The Red River flows 726 miles between Texas and Oklahoma.


The Red River is one of the longest rivers of the United States. It flows out of the Texas panhandle, along the Oklahoma/Texas border, and through Louisiana, until it finally joins the Atchafalaya. The Red is a natural tributary of the Mississippi River, but a Corps of Engineers structure now diverts its flow into the Atchafalaya basin.

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How was it formed?

The truth is that no one knows for sure though there are some pretty good guesses. The chances are that a number of processes combined to create the views that you see in todays Grand Canyon. The most powerful force to have an impact on the Grand Canyon is erosion, primarily by water (and ice) and second by wind. Other forces that contributed to the Canyon's formation are the course of the Colorado River itself, vulcanism, continental drift and slight variations in the earths orbit which in turn causes variations in seasons and climate

The Grand Canyon

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Petrified Forest

  • Different elements, compounds, and minerals will color the petrified wood different colors. Here's a quick summary of what minerals you could see:

    • Copper--green, blue

    • Cobalt--green, blue

    • Chromium--green, blue

    • Manganese--pink

    • Carbon--black

    • Iron Oxides--red, brown, yellow

    • Manganese Oxides--black

    • Silica--white, grey

How does a tree become petrified?

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Sonoran Desert

The Sonoran Desert is an arid region covering 120,000 square miles in southwestern Arizona and southeastern California, as well as most of Baja California and the western half of the state of Sonora, Mexico.

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Carlsbad Caverns

This park contains over 100 known caves. It was established as a national park on May 14, 1930.

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Man Made


The Alamo



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He is known as a seer and spiritual leader among his followers.

A famous Apache , Geronimo was a great leader in war; however, he often brought fear to the settlers of New Mexico and Arizona. He fought for the right of the American Indians to stay on their land and reservations. He was a hero among the American Indians.