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Smart Choices. for high school and beyond. A Parent Presentation . . . designed to enlighten parents about the:. Workforce and workplace changes in the 21st century Need for career guidance and career development throughout the educational process

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Smart Choices

for high school and beyond


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A Parent Presentation . . .

designed to enlighten parents about the:

  • Workforce and workplace changes in the 21st century

  • Need for career guidance and career development throughout the educational process

  • Nontraditional training and employment opportunities

  • Planning for high school

  • High School Course and Program Options

  • Importance of Parental Involvement



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The purpose of this presentation is to give you a glimpse of the future and explain how your child can begin preparing now for the changes and challenges of the 21st century!


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Changes in the Workforce in the 21st Century the future and explain how your child can begin preparing now for the changes and challenges of the 21st century!

Spending 20 plus years with one employer is a thing of the past due to many factors, such as:

  • Rapid technological changes

  • Competitive global markets

  • Company downsizing

  • Mobile workers


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Workforce Changes (continued) the future and explain how your child can begin preparing now for the changes and challenges of the 21st century!

Some of the changes in the workforce of the 21st century are:

  • Most new jobs will require education beyond high school, but only 20% of the jobs will require a four-year college degree.

  • Of today’s high school students, 60% will work in jobs that do not yet exist.

  • New jobs will continue to shift to the service industries with more than half of the new jobs in health, business, and retail services.

  • In the next century, 44% of all jobs will include information management.


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Workforce Changes (continued) the future and explain how your child can begin preparing now for the changes and challenges of the 21st century!

The way we do business will also change. For example:

  • Individuals will need to perform a variety of tasks requiring broader skill areas.

  • Individuals will find themselves working in more dynamic group environments.

  • Individuals will face the necessity of updating their skills in order to get and keep jobs.


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Success in the Workplace the future and explain how your child can begin preparing now for the changes and challenges of the 21st century!

Success in the workplace depends on:

  • Occupational Skill Level

  • Human Relations

  • Computer Literacy

  • Problem Solving

  • Excellent Math, Science, and Communication Skills

  • Ability to take Initiative

  • Decision-making Abilities


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Success in the Workplace (continued) the future and explain how your child can begin preparing now for the changes and challenges of the 21st century!

Workplace success also depends on:

  • Healthy self image

  • Job satisfaction - ongoing good career decisions

  • Positive perception of one’s relationship to the workplace

  • Ability to access the job market, negotiate or bargain for decent wages, and maximize opportunities


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Success in the Workplace (continued) the future and explain how your child can begin preparing now for the changes and challenges of the 21st century!

Workplace success also depends on:

  • Recognition of the importance of upgrading skills and retraining

  • Ability to make the most of changing circumstances

  • Ability to deal with gender and race role changes and conflicts

  • Ability to accept people in a variety of positions regardless of race, ethnicity, gender, class, age, or disability status

  • Ability of individuals, employers, and educational institutions to provide supportive structures to help employees combine work and family


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The Need for Career Development and Career Guidance Throughout the Educational Process


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Open the Door to Your Child’s Future Throughout the Educational Process

Encourage career development and career guidance throughout your child’s educational process to insure smart planning for high school and beyond.


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Career Education Goals Throughout the Educational Process

  • Understanding self and others

  • Exploring occupations

  • Learning to make decisions

  • Acquiring work skills

  • Planning for beyond high school

  • Helping students to become lifelong learners


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Guidance Curriculum Throughout the Educational Process

Provides a foundation of information for career development and successful high school and postsecondary educational planning


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Guidance Curriculum Emphasis Throughout the Educational Process

  • Self Knowledge

  • Educational & Occupational Exploration

  • Career Planning


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Career Guidance Pointers Throughout the Educational Process

  • Provide self knowledge and career exploration opportunities

  • Encourage career planning before the selection of a graduation seal in 9th grade

  • Encourage challenging academic standards

  • Encourage periodic evaluations

  • Suggest work-based learning


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What is Your Concept of Career Develpment? Throughout the Educational Process

Career development is much more than preparing for an occupation. Rather, career development is a dynamic process (not a one-time activity) involving our:

  • Beliefs & Values

  • Interests & Personality

  • Skills & Aptitudes

  • Knowledge about the ever-changing work environment

This process concerns the whole person and spans our entire lives.


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Stages of Career Development Throughout the Educational Process

  • Career Awareness

  • Elementary Grades

  • Career Exploration

  • Middle Schools

  • Career Preparation

  • High School


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Importance of Career Development Throughout the Educational Process

  • To help middle school students link their career interests to the available high school courses/programs.

  • To encourage students to test their interests in a career field by enrolling in a related course, participating in shadowing and/or mentoring experiences, etc.


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Importance of Career Development Throughout the Educational Process(continued)

  • To educate students for a changing workforce

  • To enlighten and involve parents in their child’s career development process.

  • To supply business and industry with the best trained workers in order to sustain economically strong communities.


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Career Development Process Throughout the Educational Process

?

  • Who am I?

  • Where am I going?

  • How do I get there?


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Career Choice is a Continuing Process Throughout the Educational Process


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An interest is a preference for one activity over another. One’s interest is the base upon which an occupation is chosen.



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Tomorrow’s workers will need more education and skill to work with and manage technology successfully.


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Remember that career development is a process. Make sure that your child takes advantage of all the career guidance resources available in his/her school.

  • Guidance Counselor

  • Career Center

  • Career Exploratory Programs

  • Computerized career data banks (like GCIS)

  • Occupational Outlook Handbook (printed materials)

  • Career Fairs, etc.


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Nontraditional Training and Employment that your child takes advantage of all the career guidance resources available in his/her school.


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Encourage your children to think “Outside the Box” in terms of future careers and the workplace.


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Nontraditional Training and Employment terms of future careers and the workplace.

  • Preparation for occupations or fields of work for which individuals from one gender (male or female) comprise less than 25% of the individuals employed in each such occupation or field or work.

  • Some of these fields are in computer science, technology, and emerging high skill occupations.


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Do you naturally think of males performing some jobs and females performing other jobs? What about the jobs below?

  • Auto Technician

  • Nurse

  • Child Care

  • Provider

  • Electrician

  • Female or Male?

  • Female or Male?

  • Female or Male?

  • Female or Male?


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Many of us stereotype jobs according to “women’s work” and “men’s work.”

You may be thinking, so what?

These innocent stereotypes can limit your child’s opportunities.


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Because of long-held stereotypes: and “men’s work.”

  • A young woman who is good at math and science and loves the outdoors may never consider a career as a civil engineer.

  • A young man may want to work in the medical field and may genuinely like to care for people, but he might never seriously consider nursing.


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We attribute behaviors, abilities, interests, values, and roles on the basis of gender. We often use language that pertains to males or females when referring to roles and careers. For example:

  • Fireman instead of Firefighter

  • Stewardess instead of Flight Attendant

  • Chairman instead of Chairperson


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Increasingly, gender stereotyping hinders the career options of young women.

  • Over the last 20 years, the number of women in the workforce has risen by 21 million (95% increase).

  • It is estimated that women will account for 15 million or 62% of net growth in the labor force between 1990 and 2005.


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Increasingly, gender stereotyping hinders the career options of young women.

  • Two out of every three new workers in the next decade will be women.

  • As a general rule, women and men spend comparable time in the workforce: 41 years for single women and men and 34 years for married women with children.


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Gender Stereotyping and Young Women of young women.

  • The lower paid, lower status jobs have traditionally been attributed to women.

  • Families maintained by women have increased dramatically.

  • Women of all ages are more likely to live in poverty than men, and black women are nearly three times as likely as white women to live in poverty.

  • In the early 1990s, 54% of the poor families in this country were headed by women.


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To a lesser degree, gender stereotyping affects young men. of young women.

  • Economic stress, employment problems and unemployment are linked to domestic problems.

  • Nearly 80% of husbands are now with their wives in the delivery room compared to 27% a decade ago.

  • Men are now the primary caregiver in one out of every five dual-earner households.

  • Men do about 33% of the domestic work up from 15% in 1965.


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In essence, a lot hasn’t changed. of young women.

  • Men and women still face internal and external barriers to nontraditional work.

  • Women’s role in the workplace is still perceived as secondary.

  • Women’s involvement in the workforce is still seen as temporary.


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A Lot Hasn’t Changed (continued) of young women.

  • The wage gap has decreased, but not significantly.

  • The status of workers who are people of color and new immigrants has improved, but not dramatically.


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Planning for High School of young women.


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Middle School Credit of young women.

  • Students who take courses based on the Quality Core Curriculum (QCC) in middle school may receive Carnegie units toward high school requirements.


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Help Your Child Understand High School Credit of young women.

  • Carnegie Unit - one unit for 150 hours of instruction

  • Core Course - a course chosen from English, math, science, social studies or foreign language to satisfy graduation requirements

  • Seal - an attachment placed on a high school diploma indicating successful completion of one or more programs of study

  • Required Course - course that is mandatory

  • Elective - a course, beyond the core requirements, that fulfills Carnegie units for graduation


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Listed below are the four seals which can be earned based on units of credit. Your child should choose a College Prep seal or a Technology/Career Education seal based on his/her educational and career goals.

High School Graduation Seals

  • The College Preparatory (CP) seal requires 22 units.

  • The College Preparatory with Distinction (CP+) seal requires 24 units/3.0 gpa.

  • The Technology/Career Preparatory (TCP) seal requires 22 units.

  • The Technology/Career Preparatory with Distinction (TCP+) seal requires 24 units/3.0 gpa

Your child’s school may have additional requirements for graduation. Be sure to check with the guidance counselor or advisor for specific local requirements.


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Many middle schools offer exploratory programs which operate on six, nine, or twelve week rotations. These programs allow students to:

Middle School Exploratory Programs

  • Develop life skills (classes in Family & Consumer Sciences)

  • Experience a number of fields (Technology, Business, Trades, etc.) to narrow career interests

  • Learn to work cooperatively to complete assignments

  • Put classroom theories into practice through many hands-on activities

  • Determine courses/programs to pursue further in high school

  • Make informed decisions about the choice of a high school seal


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Standards for Admission to University System of Georgia Colleges and Universities

  • The Board of Regents is the governing body for all university system colleges and universities.

  • Board of Regents increased the number of College Preparatory Curriculum (CPC) requirements.

  • Admissions based on Freshman Index

  • (Verbal SAT + Math SAT + Core GPA x 500)


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Standards for Admission to Georgia Technical Schools Colleges and Universities

  • The Department of Technical and Adult Education sets the standards for admission to the technical schools in Georgia.

  • ASSET is the state-mandated test for entrance into these technical schools.

  • SAT and ACT scores are also accepted for admission. Applicants are accepted in regular, provisional, or developmental status and may exempt ASSET testing with the SAT or ACT scores specified by each technical school.

  • Additional criteria may be set by individual schools.


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Hands-on Learning Experiences Colleges and Universities

Your child can enrich his/her high school education by participating in some of these experiences:

Shadowing

SchoolAcademic/Technology/CareerEducation

StructuredSummerWork Experience

Internships

Mentoring


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High School Options Colleges and Universities

Three Options Which Can Lead Students to a Two or Four Year Postsecondary Education


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As students explore careers, they will be amazed to learn that many of these high tech/high skill/high wage careers require a two-year Associate degree, not a four-year Bachelor’s degree.


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Students no longer have to choose EITHER a technical school OR a college. Two years in a technical school plus two more years in selected Georgia colleges can lead to a four year degree.


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Tech Prep OR a college. Two years in a technical school plus two more years in selected Georgia colleges can lead to a four year degree.

  • Two-year high school program of study plus two years of technical studies with options for a four-year degree.

  • Some courses may count for high school and technical school credit.

  • Preparation in fields such as engineering technology, applied science, mechanical, industrial or practical arts, or trade, agriculture, health occupations, business, or applied economics.


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Tech Prep (continued) OR a college. Two years in a technical school plus two more years in selected Georgia colleges can lead to a four year degree.

  • Community mentors provided for chosen career fields.

  • Academic skills in math, science, communications, economics, and workplace skills built through applied instruction.

  • Associate or Bachelor’s degree or a postsecondary certificate can be obtained in a specific career field.


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Youth Apprenticeship OR a college. Two years in a technical school plus two more years in selected Georgia colleges can lead to a four year degree.

  • Combination of classroom and work-based learning in high school and requires postsecondary education.

  • Strong academic foundation in math and communication is provided through applied instruction.

  • Work-based component requires specific training plans, directly related to the career objective.


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Youth Apprenticeship (continued) OR a college. Two years in a technical school plus two more years in selected Georgia colleges can lead to a four year degree.

  • Preparation in fields such as business, marketing and information management, environmental and agricultural sciences, human services, health and medical, technical/engineering, and arts and humanities.

  • Leads to an Associate or Bachelor’s degree or a postsecondary certificate in a specific career field.


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Bachelor of Applied Science (BAS) Degree OR a college. Two years in a technical school plus two more years in selected Georgia colleges can lead to a four year degree.

  • Two-year program of study in high school plus two years in a technical school plus two years in a four-year institution

  • Credit transfers from one institution to the next

  • Georgia Southern University, Valdosta State University, and Clayton State University offer BAS degrees.


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Parental Involvement OR a college. Two years in a technical school plus two more years in selected Georgia colleges can lead to a four year degree.


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Talk with your child about different activities of work. OR a college. Two years in a technical school plus two more years in selected Georgia colleges can lead to a four year degree.


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Understanding the World of Work OR a college. Two years in a technical school plus two more years in selected Georgia colleges can lead to a four year degree.

  • Assist your child in investigating basic skills needed in occupations.

  • Discuss expectations related to cooperation, respect, and the value in the world of work.

  • Assist in finding labor market information.

University of Wisconsin


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Career Preparation and Decision Making OR a college. Two years in a technical school plus two more years in selected Georgia colleges can lead to a four year degree.

  • Assist your child in developing a list of strengths and interests.

  • Help your child in making connections between current interests and future careers.

  • Expand your child’s ideas about careers by encouraging career exploration.

  • Review and discuss requirements for middle school and/or high school graduation.


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Interpersonal Skills OR a college. Two years in a technical school plus two more years in selected Georgia colleges can lead to a four year degree.

  • Help your child to develop problem-solving skills.

  • Work with your child to develop effective communication skills.

  • Help your child to manage conflict and change.


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Review and Discuss Academic and Career Plans OR a college. Two years in a technical school plus two more years in selected Georgia colleges can lead to a four year degree.

  • Visit your child’s school counselor on a regular basis.

  • Help your child become aware of educational, training, and work-based learning opportunities.


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Become Involved OR a college. Two years in a technical school plus two more years in selected Georgia colleges can lead to a four year degree.

Parents are a very important part of the career education and career development process.

In essence, help your child make smart choices for high school and beyond!