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Project Delivery Methods Board of Trustees April 12, 2005 Agenda Phases of a Project Overview of Project Delivery Models Design/Bid/Build Design-Build Multiple-prime Keys to Success Next Steps Three Phases of Design & Construction

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project delivery methods

Project Delivery Methods

Board of Trustees April 12, 2005

Facilities Excellence

agenda
Agenda
  • Phases of a Project
  • Overview of Project Delivery Models
    • Design/Bid/Build
    • Design-Build
    • Multiple-prime
  • Keys to Success
  • Next Steps

Facilities Excellence

three phases of design construction
Three Phases of Design & Construction

Project / Scope Definition – project requirements & constraints, estimate of cost & time for delivering it

Design – schematic design; design development, construction drawings & specifications

Construction – procurement, shop drawings, fabrication, site construction & project close-out

PD

Design

Construction

Facilities Excellence

slide4

Common Misconceptions

Architects and Engineers are PERFECT

Facilities Excellence

slide5

Engineer’s Estimate

  • The cost of construction in heaven

Facilities Excellence

slide6

Contractor

  • A gambler who never gets to shuffle, cut, or deal

Facilities Excellence

slide7

Bid

  • A wild guess carried out to two decimal places

Facilities Excellence

slide8

LowBidder

  • A contractor who is wondering what he left out

Facilities Excellence

project delivery methods9
Project Delivery Methods

Design-Bid-Build

CM Multi-prime

Design-Build

Facilities Excellence

selection criteria
Selection Criteria
  • Owner’s culture
  • Project / Scope complexity
  • Budget / cash flow
  • Time available
  • Special user needs
  • Risk distribution

Facilities Excellence

design bid build

Owner

A / E

CM

General

Contractor

Sub

Sub

Sub

Sub

Sub

Design-Bid-Build

Facilities Excellence

design bid build pros
Design-Bid-BuildPros:
  • Competitive bidding process.
  • Easy to manage, universally understood.
  • The Owner has a defined, fully designed project prior to bid.
  • The CM’s responsibility is to protect the interest of the owner.

Facilities Excellence

design bid build cons
Design-Bid-BuildCons:
  • Contractors take advantage of “competitive process”.
  • The process is linear
  • Design does not benefit from direct contractor and subcontractors involvement.
  • Changes orders are common.
  • Owner has full exposure to change orders.
  • Delay claims and disputes are common.

Facilities Excellence

slide14

Design-Bid-Build:

Project Delivery Timelines

Facilities Excellence

design bid build keys to success
Design-Bid-BuildKeys to Success
  • Prequalified General Contractor
  • Experienced GC Staff
  • Experienced Owner Staff
  • Experienced Design Team
  • Complete Bid Documents
  • Fair and equitable contract

Facilities Excellence

slide16

CM Multi-Prime

Owner

CM

A / E

Prime

Prime

Prime

Contractor

Contractor

Contractor

Facilities Excellence

cm multiple prime pros
CM Multiple PrimePros:
  • Economy of scale
  • Cut out the “middle man” (General Contractor)
  • Closer relationship between Owner and each trade/contractor
  • No GC mark-ups on trade contracts
  • Hands-on all aspects of project
  • The CM’s fiduciary responsibility is to the Owner

Facilities Excellence

cm multiple prime cons
CM Multiple PrimeCons:
  • Not suitable for complex or custom projects.
  • Multiple contracts will impact administrative staff workload.
  • Owner acts as GC responsible for coordination of trades during construction
  • Owner liability in the event one prime trade contractor damages another.
  • Lack of a single, guaranteed, bonded price for the total project

Facilities Excellence

cm multiple prime cons19
CM Multiple PrimeCons:

Facilities Excellence

slide20

Multiple-Prime

Keys to Success

  • Experienced Owner acts as General Contractor
  • Experienced CM
  • Properly structured Construction Contract

Facilities Excellence

slide21

Owner

CM

DBE

A / E

Subs

Subs

Subs

Subs

Subs

Design-Build

Facilities Excellence

ab 1000
AB 1000
  • Enacted in September 2002
  • Allows Design-Build to be used by the following:
    • Los Angeles Community College District
    • San Jose-Evergreen Community College District
    • San Mateo County Community College District
    • State Chancellor’s Office to select as many as five

individual projects from other community

college districts

Facilities Excellence

slide23

Design-Build Pros

  • Simplified contracting
  • Reduction of adversarial relationships
  • Cost containment
  • Speed of delivery
  • Shifting of risk
  • Early involvement of the builder
  • Validate another project delivery method for community college districts

Facilities Excellence

slide24

Design-Build Cons

  • Significant up-front investment of time
  • Potential lack of experience in local community
  • Potentially less control over design
  • May be more difficult to compare proposals
  • Institutional capabilities
  • Approval agency capabilities
    • Local Fire Marshal
    • Division of the State Architect
    • State Chancellor’s Office
    • Department of Finance
    • Legislative Analyst Office
  • Intensity of effort required for implementation

Facilities Excellence

design build key to success
Design-BuildKey To Success:
  • Clear and articulate Request for Proposal
    • Project Program
    • Design Parameters
    • Campus Standards
    • Proposal Requirements
    • Limited, but sufficient
  • Ability of the Owner to “let go”

Facilities Excellence

which method is right for com
Design-Bid-Build Examples

KTD Harlan Center

KTD Fine Arts

KTD Fusselman

IVC Capital Preservation

Design-Build Examples

New Construction x2

Energy Efficiency

CM Multiple-Prime Examples (Districtwide and/or Campuswide)

Restroom Upgrades

Exterior Painting

Roofing

Carpet

Vinyl Floor Tile

Asphalt

Which Method is Right for COM?

Facilities Excellence

slide29

ProjectDelivery

KeystoSuccess

  • Early identification of project goals
  • Realistically assess capabilities
  • Choose a project delivery model to meet

project goals and leverage Team capabilities

Facilities Excellence

next steps
Next Steps
  • Ed Plan – Road map to future
  • Space Inventory
  • District Architect (Design /Bldg standards)
  • District Surveys (CEQA/Civil/Geo/ Energy)
  • Program Definition
    • Scope / Schedule / Budget

Facilities Excellence

slide31

Project Delivery MethodsQUESTIONS & ANSWERS

José D. Nuñez

Jeff Gee

Dave Kirn

Measure C Executive Director, College of Marin

nunezj@smccd.net

(650) 574-6512

Program Executive, Swinerton Management & Consulting

jgee@swinerton.com

(415) 421-2980

Program Manager, Swinerton Management & Consulting

dkirn@swinerton.com

(415) 710-2248

Facilities Excellence