ûû §&rûm ûû. Fascinating conventions in Vedic scriptures: Concept of Variables (Talk at MNIT, Jaipur Dec. 15-16, 2007) Prof. Hansraj P Joshi Department of Mathematics and Statistics York University, Toronto, Canada. Introduction:-.
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Fascinating conventions in Vedic scriptures: Concept of Variables
(Talk at MNIT, Jaipur Dec. 15-16, 2007)
Prof. Hansraj P Joshi
Department of Mathematics and Statistics
York University, Toronto, Canada.
Purn madah, Purnam-idam Purnaat Purn-mudachchyate,
Purnsy Purn MaadaayPurn-meva-vashishyate.
I believe Paanini did not ‘create’ Sanskrit grammar, but he analyzed then known Shrutis (scriptures) and wrote the ‘rules’ as he understood them. Sanskrit literature existed many thousand years before Paanini’s time. (700 BC).
I enjoy discovering what is hidden in our scriptures just for ‘Swaantah Sukhaay’
Whereas in Yajurvedeey Ashtaadhyaa-ee Rudree, chapter 8, we find not only concept of integers, but in Slok 24 we have Odd Integers 1 through 33
The conventions of using the letters of the alphabet and or word, to denote numbers can be traced back to Paanini (700 BC)
More than one such systems were employed over a long period of time.
Most of these system were never meant for use by common people or for purpose of making calculations; there knowledge was strictly confined to the learned and their use to the expression of ideas and numbers in verses, which helped oral transmission of knowledge and scriptures.
Historian have not found prevalence of any one system from Paanini’s time till the time of Aaryabhat I (499 AD).
There seems to be some disagreement about the origin of this system.
Pandit Gaurishankar Ojha in his book The Paleography of India (1918) says, a reason for adopting such convention was that using word numeral was not convenient in Astrology.
In this system, consonants of Sanskrit alphabet have been used in the place of the numbers 1 through 9 and zero to express numbers as listed in the Appendix A as described in the Sadratnamaala:
So Aj Prem Bhagati Bas, Kausalya Ke God.
So Jaana-i Sapanehu Jehin Dekha
Jay Seeya Raam
The sum is 23+27+33+25=108, and hence to attain the a[=r-BûÁ (Axar-Brahm) perform Mantr Jaap with 108 beads maala.
= 54 + 54=108
= 50 + 58=108