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11/08/05 Noise Really Great. The Menu 11/8/05. History of NLE Background of Video Production Workflow Related Concepts and Terms Why we are not using Premiere Windows Movie Maker Slideshow. Brief History of Video Editing. Linear Editing - Video Post Production prior to Computers

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Really Great

the menu 11 8 05
The Menu 11/8/05
  • History of NLE
  • Background of Video Production Workflow
  • Related Concepts and Terms
  • Why we are not using Premiere
  • Windows Movie Maker Slideshow
brief history of video editing
Brief History of Video Editing
  • Linear Editing - Video Post Production prior to Computers
    • Physically cutting tape/film, reassemble into final product
  • Non-Linear Editing (NLE) – Computer software based film, video editing
    • Footage & Assets captured/imported into computer
    • Editing, transitions, effects are achieved with extreme ease compared to linear editing
    • Examples of NLEs – AVID, Adobe Premiere, Final Cut Pro, iMovie, Windows Movie Maker
soup to nuts
Soup to Nuts
  • Complete Workflow
    • Pre-Production
    • Production
    • Post Production
  • Once project concept is determined…
pre production
  • Planning Phase
    • Determine location
      • Secure Permits (if needed)
    • Assemble Crew
      • Producers, Director, Lighting Designer, Sound Engineer, Camera Operator(s)
    • Compile Equipment List
      • Light, Camera, Accessories (cables, batteries, adapters, tape, etc)
    • Create Production Day Schedule
      • Crew and Talent members need at specific times
  • Day of Event/Shoot
    • Reference Equipment List / Double Check gear
    • Setup at Location
    • Shoot!
      • Different for every event or project
non linear post production 1
(Non-Linear) Post Production 1
  • Capture/Import materials onto computer hard drive
  • Video files are vary is size but are generally HUGE, it varies by compression setting
    • Uncompressed DV - 1 GB for roughly 5 minutes
    • Varies widely, HD content uses MUCH more space
  • Organize materials into Folders
      • Video Footage
      • Still Images/Graphics
      • Audio
non linear post production 2
(Non-Linear) Post Production 2
  • Import materials into NLE program (i.e. Adobe Premiere, Final Cut Pro, Windows Movie Maker)
  • Edit material together into finished product
  • Apply titling graphics, special effects
  • Export to tape (digital or analog), encode for DVD or web presentation formats
  • Camera Operation
    • Framing
  • Editing
    • Graphics, Transitions & Titling
  • Digital Video Standards
  • Encoding for the Web
    • CODECS
camera operation
Camera Operation
  • Focus
  • Iris (Exposure) – control light levels
  • White Balance – a camera feature which determines what actual white is in any given lighting condition
  • Framing – position of subject in picture
  • Composition
  • Three Basic Shot Descriptions
    • Close-Up
    • Medium Shot
    • Wide Shot
  • Head Room
non linear editing
(Non-Linear) Editing
  • Different Styles chosen for “feel” of final product
    • Continuity – telling a linear story
      • Full Football game
      • Sitcom
    • Montage – compilation of fragments
      • Music Video
      • Football game highlight reel
  • The Art of the Edit
    • Different methods of assembling footage to convey the mood you envision
graphics transitions titling
Graphics, Transitions, Titling
  • Graphics – Computer generated slides or motion which are added in the edit to enhance production quality
  • Transitions – when editing from one clip to another
    • Video
      • Straight Cut
      • Dissolve
      • Wipe
    • Audio
      • Straight Cut
      • Cross Fade
      • Fade in/Fade Out
  • Titling – adding text on top of your video images
digital video standards
Digital Video Standards
  • Frame Size
    • NTSC Standard – 720 x 480 (pixel resolution)
    • Other common sizes: 320 x 240 ; 240 x 180
    • Can be anything, will vary depending on final delivery
  • Frame Rate
    • Number of frames per second that gives the illusion of motion from multiple still images
encoding for web
Encoding for Web
  • Main Objective
    • Make video file size as small as possible while maintaining reasonable image quality in order to facilitate internet delivery
  • Methods for achieving smaller file size:
    • Reduce Frame Size
    • Reduce Frame Rate
      • Key Frames
  • Streaming vs. Progressive Download
popular codecs
Popular CODECs
  • CODEC =Compression/Decompression
    • Proprietary
      • Windows Media Player (.wmv)
      • QuickTime (.mov)
      • Real Media Player (.rm)
    • Public
      • AVI
      • MPEG1, MPEG2, MPEG4
take a break but while you wait
Take a Break…BUT…While You Wait…
  • Make sure all your assets are in your “ex4” folder on your computer
  • Recommended:
    • Create a folder for images and one for audio INSIDE your exercise 4 folder
  • If you don’t have an MP3 for audio, I posted a couple here.
  • If you don’t have any images to use, here are a some you can use for today’s class, but NOT for EX4.
premiere what you need to know
Premiere – What you need to know
  • Premiere does not work well in the Lab, these computers cannot handle the processor intensive work that full function NLE programs require
  • We are going to use Windows Movie Maker, although limited in functionality, it is good introduction
  • If you are working on a mac, “iMovie” is very similar to Windows Movie Maker
  • BUT, if you want to download and explore Premiere at home, here is the link:
  • Last semester’s Lecture 9 has Premiere instructions
before we start
Before We Start
  • You MUST:
  • Get your files (mp3 and images) in your EX4 folder before starting
  • EX4 folder should contain:
    • 1 folder with all images you are going to incorporate
    • 1 folder with all audio files you are going to incorporate
  • This is where you will save everything associated with this video project
open windows movie maker
Open Windows Movie Maker
  • Start > All Programs > Windows Movie Maker
  • You should see the interface above
import you assets 1 2
Import You Assets (1/2)
  • Save your Project before importing anything (I didn’t do it in the screen shot and I was wrong)
  • Click on “Import Pictures”
  • Navigate to your “EX4” folder
import you assets 2 2
Import You Assets (2/2)
  • Choose your “images” folder within
  • Select all images - Shift+click to get them all
  • Click import
    • Do the same for your audio

What You Should See

  • After importing your audio and video you should see thumbnails of everything you imported.
  • If you DON’T - make sure the “Collections” drop down menu is selected
video effects
Video Effects
  • In the drop down menu in the center, you will notice 2 other choices:
    • Video Effects
    • Video Transitions
    • In addtion to the “Collections” option
  • The Video Effects options will apply an effect to you movie clip or image in the timeline.
  • Don’t get too carried away
video transitions
Video Transitions
  • The Video Transitions will apply a transition between 2 movie clips or images in your timeline
  • Again, don’t use 47 different effects, it will just look silly.
add assets to timeline 1 2
Add assets to Timeline (1/2)
  • To make your movie, you need to add assets to the Timeline.
  • There are two views of the Timeline:
    • Timeline (Shown) or Storyboard
  • Audio can only be added in Timeline view.
  • You can switch between the 2 at any time\
add assets to timeline 2 2
Add assets to Timeline (2/2)
  • To add anything to the time line:
  • To add an effect or transition:
  • To add an image:
  • To add a Title:
adding a title or other text
Adding a Title or other Text
  • NOTE: You can also make graphics/titles in Fireworks and import them like images
  • Under 2: Edit
  • You will see screen shot at right
  • Select what you want to make and click on it
opening title
Opening Title
  • Every great piece of cinema magic has a wonderful title, and your pieces will be no different
  • Fill in the text you want in the box on the left.
  • Notice the “More Options”
    • Change the title animation
    • Change the text font and color

If I get anything that looks like the one above

I will return them with a 0. No blue background

And boring san-serif font, you must stylize your title

opening title font and color
Opening Title - Font and Color
  • Change the Font and Color
  • You can get as creative as you like and can make the text as crazy as you like
opening title animation
Opening Title - Animation
  • When you have the colors and Fonts the way you like them, you need to decide on a cool animation to bring this all to life.
  • Test out all the options in the list, a preview will play in the window on the right.
  • When you have it how you like it, click “Done, Add to movie”
saving the movie 1
Saving the Movie 1
  • Save your source file first.

File > Save Project

  • Then save the movie out, this of this as File> Export in Fireworks
  • File > Save Movie File
saving movie 2
Saving Movie 2
  • Choose “My Computer” on the first screen of the wizard
  • Click Next
saving movie 3
Saving Movie 3
  • Enter a descriptive name for your movie
  • Choose the location to save your movie - this should be inside your EX4 folder
  • Click ok and next
saving movie 4
Saving Movie 4
  • On the movie settings slide, choose:
    • High Quality video (small) from the “Other Settings” option
    • Make sure the settings details look the same as the screen shot to the right
    • Click NEXT
saving movie 5
Saving Movie 5
  • The movie will now be rendered out, this may take a few minutes, depending on the speed of the computer.
saving movie 6
Saving Movie 6
  • You should see this screen when you have finished rendering
  • Click “Finish”
  • You now have a Windows media movie file, that is 320 x 240 in your Ex 4 folder that you can watch and share
next week
  • Individual Meetings, we can talk about whatever you like, each student gets 10 minutes with me
  • Meetings will go from about 5:00 - 7:50, 9:10 - 10:30
  • From 8-9pm next week we will meet as a class to go over embedding a video player in a webpage
  • The lab will be open for you to work on your EX4 or your final projects