Discovering the World Through a Map. Lindsey Dunkle Lori Niederkohr ED 417/01. Academic content standard : Geography Unit : Maps Grade : 2 nd Lesson topics : Interpreting a key and scale, creating a map, cardinal directions, exploring various maps, locating places on a map.
Through a Map
Interpreting a key and scale, creating a map, cardinal directions, exploring various maps, locating places on a map
Exploration of Maps
Creating a Compass
Have students sit around a map such as this one. Explain the cardinal directions and demonstrate why direction such as “right” or “forward” are ineffective. Ask questions using the map such as, “what direction would I need to go to get to the barn?”
Discuss with students the cardinal directions; north, south, east, and west, and why we use them. Explain that direction is the point toward which something faces.
The students will learn what a key on a map is used for. The students will be able to answer questions about a map by using and understanding the key. The students will also be able to create their own map key.
A map with a key, an overhead, dry-erase marker, pencil, paper, crayons or markers, map for each group
The students will learn about scales, and what they are used for. The students will learn how to use the scale on a map to determine distance.
Overhead projector, dry-erase markers, maps with map scales, grid paper, and pencil and paper.
Explain to students that a map is not the actual size of an area. Explain that to find out the actual size of places, you refer to the map scale.
Wrapping it up!
The students will use all of the skills that have been learned thus far to create and use their own map. Their maps will include a map title, scale, key with symbols, cardinal directions, and locations that are relevant.
Large grid paper for each child, pencils, crayons or markers, and rulers.
Students will first decide what type of map they want to create. For example, school map, street map, map of the United States, etc.