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INTRODUCING: The Year 2000 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. “What are the Dietary Guidelines for Americans?”.

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introducing the year 2000 dietary guidelines for americans
INTRODUCING:The Year 2000Dietary Guidelines for Americans

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

slide2
“What are the

Dietary Guidelines for Americans?”

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

slide3
“I don’t know if the average American knows what ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional) “People think ‘dietary guidelines’ are for someone who is sick, not them.” (health professional)

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

what are the dietary guidelines for americans
What are the Dietary Guidelines for Americans?

They are brief science-based statements and text published by the Federal government that provide advice for healthy Americans age 2 years and over about food choices and physical activity to promote health and prevent disease.

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

the dietary guidelines are
The Dietary Guidelines are:
  • Mandated by law
  • Published every 5 years
  • Based on the preponderance of scientific evidence
  • Cornerstone of Federal nutrition policy
  • Basis for nutrition education/promotion activities

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

how are the guidelines revised
How are the Guidelines revised?
  • Advisory Committee appointed to review Guidelines -- through an open process
  • Committee report presented to USDA and DHHS
  • USDA and DHHS review report and public comments
  • USDA and DHHS publish revised Guidelines

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

2000 dietary guidelines advisory committee
Cutberto Garza, MD, PhD (chair)

Suzanne Murphy, PhD, RD

(vice-chair)

Richard Deckelbaum, MD

Johanna Dwyer, DSc, RD

Scott Grundy, MD, PhD

Rachel Johnson, PhD, MPH, RD

Shiriki Kumanyika, PhD

Alice Lichtenstein, DSc

Meir Stampfer, MD, DrPH

Lesley Fels Tinker, PhD, RD

Roland Weinsier, MD, DrPH

2000 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

aim for fitness
Aim for Fitness
  • Aim for a healthy weight
  • Be physically active each day

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

build a healthy base
Build a Healthy Base
  • Let the Pyramid guide your food choices
  • Choose a variety of grains daily, especially whole grains
  • Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables daily
  • Keep food safe to eat

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

choose sensibly
Choose Sensibly
  • Choose a diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol and moderate in total fat
  • Choose beverages and foods to moderate your intake of sugars
  • Choose and prepare foods with less salt
  • If you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

what s new in the 2000 edition
What’s new in the 2000 edition?
  • New Guidelines
  • Aim, Build, Choose grouping

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

slide16
2000 GuidelineAim for a healthy weight

1995 Guideline

Balance the food you eat with physical activity -- Maintain or improve your weight

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

weight related risk factors for chronic disease
Personal or family history of heart disease

Male over 45 or postmenopausal female

Cigarette smoking

Sedentary lifestyle

High blood pressure

High LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol or high triglycerides

Diabetes

Weight-related risk factors for chronic disease

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

healthy weight in children
Encourage physical activity

Offer grain products; vegetables and fruits; low-fat dairy products; and beans, lean meat, poultry, fish, or nuts

Offer only small amounts of food high in fat or added sugars

Set a good example

Healthy weight in children

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

slide20
2000 GuidelineBe physically active each day

1995 Guideline

Balance the food you eat with physical activity -- Maintain or improve your weight

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

be physically active each day
Be physically active each day
  • Health benefits of physical activity
  • Physical activity recommendations

Adults -- 30 minutes of moderate physical activity most, preferably all, days of the week

Children -- 60 minutes of moderate physical activity daily

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

slide22
2000 GuidelineLet the Pyramid guide your food choices

1995 Guideline

Eat a variety of foods

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

food guide pyramid
Food Guide Pyramid

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

let the pyramid guide your food choices
Let the Pyramid guide your food choices
  • Plant foods as a foundation
  • Many healthy eating patterns
  • Low-fat foods emphasized
  • Soy products included
  • Dietary supplements discussion expanded

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

recommended number of servings
Recommended number of servings

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

slide26
2000 GuidelineChoose a variety of grains daily, especially whole grains

1995 Guideline

Choose a diet with plenty of grain products, vegetables, and fruits

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

common whole grain foods
Brown rice

Oatmeal

Whole oats

Bulgur (cracked

wheat)

Popcorn

Whole rye

Graham flour

Pearl barley

Whole wheat

Whole grain corn

Common Whole Grain Foods

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

slide28
2000 GuidelineChoose a variety of fruitsand vegetables daily1995 GuidelineChoose a diet with plenty of grain products, vegetables, and fruits

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

eat a variety of fruits and vegetables daily
Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables daily
  • Need for variety highlighted
  • Recommendation: 2 servings of fruits and 3 of vegetables daily
  • Fruit and vegetable sources of vitamins and minerals included

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

2000 guideline keep food safe to eat new guideline in 2000
2000 GuidelineKeep food safe to eatNew Guideline in 2000

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

keep food safe to eat
Keep food safe to eat
  • Wash hands and food surfaces often.
  • Separate foods while storing and

preparing.

  • Cook foods to a safe temperature.
  • Refrigerate perishable foods promptly.
  • Follow the label.
  • Serve safely.
  • When in doubt, throw it out.

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

slide32
2000 GuidelineChoose a diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol and moderate in total fat

1995 Guideline

Choose a diet low in fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

choose a diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol and moderate in total fat
Choose a diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol and moderate in total fat
  • Total fat recommendation: 30% of calories or less
  • Descriptions of the different types of fat
  • Limits on saturated fat and total fat for various calorie levels
  • Comparison of saturated fat content of foods

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

slide34
2000 GuidelineChoose beverages and foods to moderate your intake of sugars

1995 Guideline

Choose a diet moderate in sugars

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

major sources of added sugars
Major sources of added sugars
  • Soft drinks
  • Cakes, cookies, and pies
  • Fruitades and drinks such as fruit punch

and lemonade

  • Dairy desserts such as ice cream
  • Candy

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

slide36
2000 GuidelineChoose and prepare foodswith less salt

1995 Guideline

Choose a diet moderate in salt and sodium

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

choose and prepare foods with less salt
Choose and prepare foodswith less salt
  • Steps that may help keep blood pressure in a healthy range
  • Is lowering salt intake safe?
  • Salt versus sodium

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

slide38
2000 GuidelineIf you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation

No change in title from 1995

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

if you drink alcoholic beverages do so in moderation
If you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation
  • Adverse effects of excess intake
  • Health benefits related to age ranges
  • Other ways to reduce heart disease risk
  • Who should not drink
  • Moderate drinking: 1 per day for women, 2 per day for men

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

target audiences for publication
Target audiences for publication
  • Policymakers
  • Nutrition and health educators
  • Physicians and other health professionals
  • Trade associations and industry
  • Consumers

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

using the dietary guidelines for americans
Using the Dietary Guidelines for Americans
  • 5-panel fold-out brochure
  • Provides basic advice from Guidelines
  • Consumer-friendly format

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

slide43

For Guidelines materials and information:Look on the Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion website

www.cnpp.usda.gov

putting the guidelines to work
Putting the Guidelines to work
  • Goal: Improved consumer health
  • Strategies
    • Increasing awareness
    • Encouraging behavior change

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

putting the guidelines to work45
Putting the Guidelines to work
  • How?
    • Extend Federal resources
    • Find creative channels for messages
  • Who?
    • Industry
    • Professional organizations
    • Worksites

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

slide46
“This is a great educational tool -- possible to show others to get them to reduce fat intake.” (consumer)“This is something that everyone needs --I’d like a copy.”(consumer)

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

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