dealing with lawbreakers l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Dealing with Lawbreakers PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Dealing with Lawbreakers

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 17

Dealing with Lawbreakers - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 288 Views
  • Uploaded on

Dealing with Lawbreakers. Medieval Criminal Justice. Trial by ordeal Severe public punishment/executions. A Reform Movement. The Enlightenment Depart from “supernatural” theory Assumptions about human nature. Classical Response to Crime. On Crimes and Punishment , Beccaria (1764)

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Dealing with Lawbreakers' - MartaAdara


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
medieval criminal justice
Medieval Criminal Justice
  • Trial by ordeal
  • Severe public punishment/executions
a reform movement
A Reform Movement
  • The Enlightenment
  • Depart from “supernatural” theory
  • Assumptions about human nature
classical response to crime
Classical Response to Crime
  • On Crimes and Punishment, Beccaria (1764)
  • Underlying theory
principles of deterrence
Principles of Deterrence
  • Certainty
  • Swiftness
  • Severity
empirical research on deterrence
Empirical Researchon Deterrence
  • There is moderate support for the effect of certainty, little to none for severity
specific v general deterrence
Specific v. General Deterrence
  • Specific Deterrence
  • General Deterrence
formal v informal punishment
Formal v. Informal Punishment
  • Informal = unofficial punishment
  • Informal enhances formal sanctions
goals of punishment
Deterrence

Incapacitation

Rehabilitation

Retribution

Goals of Punishment
the system of criminal justice an ideal model
The “System” of Criminal JusticeAn Ideal Model

Crime

Police

Prosecutor

Court

Corrections

the ideal courtroom
The Ideal Courtroom
  • Adversarial System
  • The facts of each case are heard
  • Witnesses are called
  • Justice prevails
courtroom reality
Courtroom Reality
  • The Courtroom Workgroup
  • Punishment based on the “going rate”
state felony convictions by guilty plea no trial
State Felony Convictionsby Guilty Plea (No Trial)

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1998

sentencing three focal concerns
Sentencing: Three Focal Concerns
  • Offender’s blameworthiness
  • Protection of the community
  • Practical concerns
prison
Prison
  • Prison (currently ~ 1/2 million inmates)
    • Recidivism
    • Expensive
  • Current conditions
    • Overcrowding
    • Few rehabilitative services
    • Aging prison population
    • Security is main concern
community based corrections
Community-Based Corrections
  • Less costly than prison
  • If revoked -> prison (technical violations)
  • Probation involves the most offenders (about 2 million)
criminal justice funnel
Criminal Justice Funnel

1,000 felony crimes 63% not reported

370 reported to police 80% not arrested

42 prosecuted 2% not convicted

41 convicted in court 32% no prison/jail

28 imprisoned

2-3% of felony crimes

result in imprisonment