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Caregiver Discussion Groups. Inter Tribal Council of Arizona Fit WIC Project October 2001. What are Discussion Groups?. Groups of caregivers get together and talk about feeding their children A facilitator helps to ensure the conversation goes smoothly. Why Discussion Groups?.

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caregiver discussion groups

Caregiver Discussion Groups

Inter Tribal Council of Arizona

Fit WIC Project

October 2001

what are discussion groups
What are Discussion Groups?
  • Groups of caregivers get together and talk about feeding their children
  • A facilitator helps to ensure the conversation goes smoothly
why discussion groups
Why Discussion Groups?
  • Our participants loved the discussion groups we had with our focus groups and wanted more!
  • Caregivers learn better from each other than from health care providers.
  • Caregivers get a realistic look at how to feed their children.
  • Groups can save your clinic time by processing several people at the same time.
  • They are a new and different way of providing education.
why facilitated discussion groups
Why Facilitated Discussion Groups?
  • Facilitating the groups can add to your other valuable skills.
  • They will break up the monotony of providing education in the same way all the time (for staff and participants).
  • They add diversity to the education being provided so different learning styles are accommodated.
  • They can help establish support systems for WIC participants.
  • They will help you learn more about the people you serve.
some concerns you may have
Some concerns you may have
  • No space
  • Not enough time to do them
  • Afraid, embarrassed, uncomfortable doing them
  • Caregivers won’t like them
  • Too hard to do them
getting started
Getting Started
  • What do you need to do to start group discussions?
    • Find meeting room
    • Set dates and times
    • Recruit participants
    • Learn how to facilitate
      • Training and Practice, Practice, Practice
facilitating a group
Facilitating a Group
  • Greet the participants
  • Be enthusiastic and positive
  • Establish ground rules
  • Begin with an icebreaker
the opening question
The Opening Question
  • The opening question should be easy for the group to answer.
  • Sometimes it may take a little time for someone to answer.
  • Tell them beforehand that they may need time to think about it.
  • If no one answers for a long time:
    • Guess at an answer
    • Pick someone that you think will be comfortable answering the question.
open ended questions
Open-ended questions
  • What is an open-ended question?
  • Can’t be answered with a yes or no.
  • There are no right or wrong answers.
  • Answer the questions who, what, when, where, why, how, how much, how often.
too many open ended questions
Too many open-ended questions
  • May feel like interrogation
  • Want the atmosphere to be conversational
  • Balance with clarifying statements or focusing.
guiding the discussion your job
Guiding the Discussion-Your Job
  • Make the process go smoothly and easily.
  • But stay in control of the discussion.
  • Keep the group on the topic.
  • Encourage speakers to give more information.
  • Look for feedback.
  • Allow and encourage everyone to speak.
how to encourage participation
How to Encourage Participation
  • Pay attention to the person who is speaking.
  • Give positive reinforcement to the person who is speaking.
  • Watch for signs that someone else may want to respond.
  • Make sure seating arrangements include everyone.
how to focus on topic
How to Focus on Topic
  • Guide the conversation by picking up on points that are related to the topic.
  • Ask more questions in those areas. Ask others how they feel about what someone said.
  • If an issue comes up several times, it is probably one that needs to be addressed.
  • Focus esp. if conversation has rambled or jumped from topic to topic
focus on feelings
Focus on Feelings
  • Find out how the participants feel about something or what their experiences are.
  • There are no right or wrong answers here.
  • This helps to avoid debates or disagreements.
  • Examples?
practice active listening
Practice Active Listening
  • Listen carefully.
  • Pay attention to what the person is saying
  • Don’t interrupt their statement.
  • Don’t be thinking about what you are going to say next while they are speaking.
  • Comes after active listening.
  • Repeat what you understood the participant to say.
  • Give opportunity to disagree with your interpretation.
dealing with wrong information
Dealing with Wrong Information
  • Goal is to introduce correct information, avoid embarrassing person and acknowledge their experiences.
  • Example statements.
summarize the discussion
Summarize the Discussion
  • Bring ideas together.
  • Repeat relevant points.
  • Highlight certain conversations.
  • Ask each participant to share what they learned or discovered during the session.
  • Even the facilitator can learn something new!
have fun
Have Fun!!!
  • Remember it takes practice to become skilled at this.
  • Don’t define success by the number of people at the session.
  • Enjoy yourself and encourage participants to have fun too!