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Agenda for this week. Field trip is cancelled. Proposal for Weeks 23 / 24. Some consolidation, some pot luck celebration… Paper #5 – take enough time to go over your prose and critical reflection. Today’s theme: Child care. SWLF 3105 (Week 21) Today’s theme: ‘Child Care’.

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agenda for this week
Agenda for this week
  • Field trip is cancelled.
  • Proposal for Weeks 23 / 24. Some consolidation, some pot luck celebration…
  • Paper #5 – take enough time to go over your prose and critical reflection.
  • Today’s theme: Child care
swlf 3105 week 21 today s theme child care
SWLF 3105 (Week 21)Today’s theme: ‘Child Care’

Two important thoughts as we begin:

  • Does it take a village…
  • What role does the state have in the nurseries of the nation?
being optimistic about canadian child care policy
Being ‘optimistic’ about Canadian child care policy

The historical record:

  • 1922 – federal government creates the Division of Child Welfare (provides information on child-rearing for expectant mothers and new mothers).
  • WW2 – when many women enter the paid labour force, the federal government offers subsidies for nurseries and after-school programs. Programs withdrawn after WW2.
  • 1970 – Royal Commission on the Status of Women calls for a National Child Care Act.
  • 1986 - 1988 – successive reports call for a national, publicly funded child care system.
recent developments
Recent developments
  • October 2004 – federal Throne Speech indicates the government is willing to finally move ahead on its stated promises concerning child care (Handout: “Daycare in Canada”).
  • February 2005 – the 2005 Federal Budget pledges $5 B for child care over the next 5 years (Handout: “Child Care”).
2 friendly the case for high quality publicly funded child care
2. Friendly: the case for high-quality, publicly funded child care

Friendly offers two propositions:

  • That high-quality child care addresses the difficulties faced by working parents, particularly those most disadvantaged.
  • That access to high-quality child care provides women access to the labour market, and the potential of non-precarious employment.
3 public support for high quality child care
3. Public support for high-quality child care

On social attitudes and social policy:

  • If two-thirds of Canadians support a publicly funded, national program of high-quality child care, how do we explain the existing frameworks for child care?
  • Is it fair to assess blame on politicians and policymakers alone?
the quebec model
The Quebec model

Tougas points out three features of Quebec’s social policy concerning child care:

  • Early childhood agencies: delivered through day care centres and regulated family day care for $7 per day (formerly $5 per day);
  • School-age programs: covering kids aged 5-12, and about 120,000 children.
  • Full-day kindergarten: for 5 year olds, with some programs for 4 year olds from disadvantaged families.
quebec child care from natalism to feminism
Quebec child care – from ‘natalism’ to ‘feminism’
  • Quebec’s earliest programs for child care involved ‘baby bonuses’ to stimulate increases in the birth rate;
  • After these programs were shown to have failed, Quebec embarked on an experiment in social policy that emphasized choice for parents (most notably mothers) who wanted the choice to work.
  • The result were targeted programs aimed at making child care a collective responsibility.
6 where is the outrage
6. Where is the outrage?
  • What are possible explanations for the lack of outcry around the question of publicly funded, high-quality child care outside Quebec?
  • Could politicians get away with temporarily asking Canadians to pay for health care costs while they settled disagreements between provincial and federal governments?
  • What role does the existing labour market play in complicating this issue? (Handout: “The daycare dilemma”)
7 france and germany two approaches to state funded child care
7. France and Germany: two approaches to state-funded child care
  • France: emphasis on choice for parents to access outside caregivers, maintain work or stay at home.
  • Germany: emphasis on providing support to parents to stay at home with children
  • What are the benefits or drawbacks of each approach?
single mothers poverty and child care
Single mothers, poverty, and child care
  • What forces single mothers interested in pursuing a career out of the labour force?
  • Why is this a matter where women are more likely to be involved? Why is there not similar data documenting the experiences of single fathers?
9 the case against publicly funded child care
9. The case against publicly-funded child care
  • How significant are these topics for the case Patrick Basham and Jonathan Chevreau present against publicly-funded child care?
    • Tax credits over universal government programs
    • Maintaining and supporting traditional ‘family values’
    • The efficiency of private sector child care over public sector options
next week
Next week
  • The theme: criminal justice.
  • Required reading for next week: National Council of Welfare, Justice and the Poor (2000).
  • Other interesting sources worth a closer look: Law Commission of Canada, What is a Crime? (2003)