Why do juveniles who come from good families become delinquents
1 / 25

Why do juveniles who come from “good” families become delinquents? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Why do juveniles who come from “good” families become delinquents?. Crime is pleasurable. Jack Katz Seductions of Crime James Q Wilson Thinking About Crime. Review of Deterrence Theory. Deterrence Specific Deterrence General Deterrence Absolute deterrence Incapacitation

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Why do juveniles who come from “good” families become delinquents?' - Lucy

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Crime is pleasurable
Crime is pleasurable delinquents?

  • Jack Katz

    Seductions of Crime

  • James Q Wilson

    Thinking About Crime

Review of deterrence theory
Review of Deterrence Theory delinquents?

  • Deterrence

  • Specific Deterrence

  • General Deterrence

  • Absolute deterrence

  • Incapacitation

  • Certainty and celerity

Products of classical criminology
Products of Classical Criminology delinquents?

  • Determinate Sentencing

  • Truth in sentencing

Rational choice theory1
Rational Choice Theory delinquents?

  • Deterrence Theory is Crime or Event Based

  • Rational Choice Theory is based on Economics

Rational choice theory2
Rational Choice Theory delinquents?

  • Expected Utility, a principal of economic theory



Rational choice
Rational Choice delinquents?

  • Beyond Probation

  • Fear that the Criminal Justice System cannot protect the Public

Rational choice1
Rational Choice delinquents?

What affects “expected utility?”

1. Probability of arrest/conviction

2. Severity of punishment

3. “Other variables”

a. Income available in legal or illegal activities

b. Willingness to commit an illegal act

c. Intelligence, age, education, family upbringing….

Rational choice2
Rational Choice delinquents?

Rational Calculation of Pleasure vs Pain

Do the benefits of this crime outweigh what I am going to get?

In support of rational choice
In Support of Rational Choice delinquents?

  • White Collar Crimes

  • Criminal Conspiracies

Burglary and rational choice
Burglary And Rational Choice delinquents?

  • Time of Commission

    • What Time do Burglars work?

    • What days?

    • Where do they work?

Rational choice tunnell
Rational Choice Tunnell delinquents?

  • Tunnell “ The Motivation to Commit Property Crime”

  • 53 out of 60, 88% reported that money was the motivating factor

  • 3 of 60 reported a sense of accomplishment

  • 2 Reported crime as “sporting”

  • 2 reported vengeance

Evaluating rational choice
Evaluating Rational Choice delinquents?

Empirical Support?

Policy Implication?

Rational choice3
Rational Choice delinquents?

  • Example of factors that explain initial involvement in crime :

    Background Factors

    Previous experience

    Solutions evaluated

Project ceasefire
Project CEASEFIRE delinquents?

  • Study Completed By University of Missori, Kansas

  • Focused Deterrence

Project ceasefire1
Project CEASEFIRE delinquents?

  • 47% Felons Said it Affected Whether they would carry a Gun

  • 2% Reduction of Gun Crimes by Felons

  • In Kansas City, Kansas 7% reduction

Routine activities
Routine Activities delinquents?

  • A Personal or Property crime Requires

    • Perpetrator

    • Victim

    • Object of property

Routine activities variables
Routine Activities Variables delinquents?

  • Motivated Offenders

  • Suitable Targets

  • Capable Guardians

The criminal event
The Criminal Event delinquents?

  • Focus on predictors of specific crimes, look at immediate (situational) factors

  • Area

    • Easily accessible, few police patrols, low security

  • Home

Motivated offenders taken for granted
Motivated offenders taken for granted delinquents?

Assumption is that they are always present

Lack of capable guardianship
Lack of Capable Guardianship delinquents?

  • Strength in numbers

  • Protection from police

    • Less emphasis in this over time

  • Informal social control

  • Time spent at home

Suitable targets
Suitable Targets delinquents?

  • Value ($, ability to fence)

  • Visibility (sights and sounds)

  • Accessibility (why autos are victimized)

  • Weight and Mobility (high tech movement)

Policy implications
Policy Implications delinquents?

  • Physical Crime Prevention

    • Target Hardening

    • Construction

    • Strength in Number

  • Defensible Space

    • Criminal Hot Spots as convergence of three elements

Aging out process
Aging Out process delinquents?