Why do juveniles who come from good families become delinquents
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Why do juveniles who come from “good” families become delinquents?. Crime is pleasurable. Jack Katz Seductions of Crime James Q Wilson Thinking About Crime. Review of Deterrence Theory. Deterrence Specific Deterrence General Deterrence Absolute deterrence Incapacitation

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Crime is pleasurable
Crime is pleasurable delinquents?

  • Jack Katz

    Seductions of Crime

  • James Q Wilson

    Thinking About Crime


Review of deterrence theory
Review of Deterrence Theory delinquents?

  • Deterrence

  • Specific Deterrence

  • General Deterrence

  • Absolute deterrence

  • Incapacitation

  • Certainty and celerity


Products of classical criminology
Products of Classical Criminology delinquents?

  • Determinate Sentencing

  • Truth in sentencing



Rational choice theory1
Rational Choice Theory delinquents?

  • Deterrence Theory is Crime or Event Based

  • Rational Choice Theory is based on Economics


Rational choice theory2
Rational Choice Theory delinquents?

  • Expected Utility, a principal of economic theory

  • MAXIMIZE PROFITS

  • MINIMIZE LOSSES


Rational choice
Rational Choice delinquents?

  • Beyond Probation

  • Fear that the Criminal Justice System cannot protect the Public


Rational choice1
Rational Choice delinquents?

What affects “expected utility?”

1. Probability of arrest/conviction

2. Severity of punishment

3. “Other variables”

a. Income available in legal or illegal activities

b. Willingness to commit an illegal act

c. Intelligence, age, education, family upbringing….


Rational choice2
Rational Choice delinquents?

Rational Calculation of Pleasure vs Pain

Do the benefits of this crime outweigh what I am going to get?


In support of rational choice
In Support of Rational Choice delinquents?

  • White Collar Crimes

  • Criminal Conspiracies


Burglary and rational choice
Burglary And Rational Choice delinquents?

  • Time of Commission

    • What Time do Burglars work?

    • What days?

    • Where do they work?


Rational choice tunnell
Rational Choice Tunnell delinquents?

  • Tunnell “ The Motivation to Commit Property Crime”

  • 53 out of 60, 88% reported that money was the motivating factor

  • 3 of 60 reported a sense of accomplishment

  • 2 Reported crime as “sporting”

  • 2 reported vengeance


Evaluating rational choice
Evaluating Rational Choice delinquents?

Empirical Support?

Policy Implication?


Rational choice3
Rational Choice delinquents?

  • Example of factors that explain initial involvement in crime :

    Background Factors

    Previous experience

    Solutions evaluated


Project ceasefire
Project CEASEFIRE delinquents?

  • Study Completed By University of Missori, Kansas

  • Focused Deterrence


Project ceasefire1
Project CEASEFIRE delinquents?

  • 47% Felons Said it Affected Whether they would carry a Gun

  • 2% Reduction of Gun Crimes by Felons

  • In Kansas City, Kansas 7% reduction


Routine activities
Routine Activities delinquents?

  • A Personal or Property crime Requires

    • Perpetrator

    • Victim

    • Object of property


Routine activities variables
Routine Activities Variables delinquents?

  • Motivated Offenders

  • Suitable Targets

  • Capable Guardians


The criminal event
The Criminal Event delinquents?

  • Focus on predictors of specific crimes, look at immediate (situational) factors

  • Area

    • Easily accessible, few police patrols, low security

  • Home


Motivated offenders taken for granted
Motivated offenders taken for granted delinquents?

Assumption is that they are always present


Lack of capable guardianship
Lack of Capable Guardianship delinquents?

  • Strength in numbers

  • Protection from police

    • Less emphasis in this over time

  • Informal social control

  • Time spent at home


Suitable targets
Suitable Targets delinquents?

  • Value ($, ability to fence)

  • Visibility (sights and sounds)

  • Accessibility (why autos are victimized)

  • Weight and Mobility (high tech movement)


Policy implications
Policy Implications delinquents?

  • Physical Crime Prevention

    • Target Hardening

    • Construction

    • Strength in Number

  • Defensible Space

    • Criminal Hot Spots as convergence of three elements


Aging out process
Aging Out process delinquents?


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