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Patrick Hasson National Technical Service Team Leader Safety and Design FHWA Tel: 708-283-3595 Email: patrick.hasson@fhwa.dot.gov October 24-25, 2005 Highway Safety & Wildlife: A National Perspective What you will hear… National Statistics for Wildlife-Vehicle Crashes (WVC)

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Patrick HassonNational Technical Service Team LeaderSafety and DesignFHWA

Tel: 708-283-3595

Email: patrick.hasson@fhwa.dot.gov

October 24-25, 2005

Highway Safety & Wildlife: A National Perspective

what you will hear
What you will hear…
  • National Statistics for Wildlife-Vehicle Crashes (WVC)
  • WVC Elements in New Legislation
  • Information on some safety initiatives that could make a difference
framing the issue in a national context
Framing the Issue in a National Context
  • 2003 Nationwide Highway-Related Crashes and Fatalities1
    • Overall: 6,289,000 crashes resulting in 2,889,000 injuries and 42,884 fatalities.
    • WVC: 315,000 crashes (5 % of total)
    • WVC: 10,000 injuries (1% of total)
    • WVC: 200 fatalities (1/2 % of total).

Believed to be under-reported by 50% or higher.

1. USDOT NHTSA Traffic Safety Facts 2003

wvc trends
WVC Trends
  • Centers for Disease Control Analysis of 2001-02 WVC Statistics2
    • Crashes and injuries occurred more often during
      • October and November and
      • Dusk/night/dawn conditions
    • 87% of were DVC type
    • 45% of DVC crashes resulted in some type of lane departure maneuver

2. CDC Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2004 Volume 53 Pgs 675-678

data needs to improve
Data Needs to Improve
  • Consistency across and within States is lacking
  • Thriving wildlife and growing VMT
  • WVC is a growing problem
growing problem
Growing Problem?
  • WVC Fatalities increased 45% from 1994 – 2003 (IIHS)
  • 54% Increase from 1994 to 2000 in PA
  • 51% increase from 1990 – 2000 in IA
  • 69% increase in five states (combined) from 1985 to 1991.
importance of the issue
Importance of the Issue

Safety

Wildlife-Vehicle Crashes

Economic

Environmental

setting the highway safety agenda the federal role
Setting the Highway Safety Agenda: The Federal Role
  • Reauthorization - Funding and Prioritization
    • Federal Government legislative multiyear “plan of action”
    • Provides National Programmatic Guidance and Appropriation Assignment
    • Newest Law (signed by President Bush on 08/10/2005):
wvc and safetea lu at least 4 wvc related activities included in new legislation
WVC and SAFETEA-LUAt least 4 WVC-related activities included in new legislation
  • 1. Section 1119(n): Wildlife-Vehicle Collision Reduction Study
    • Determine causes of WVC; assess impacts of WVC; evaluate solutions for prevention of WVC
    • Best-practices manual with guidance on developing a WVC prevention action plan
wvc and safetea lu
WVC and SAFETEA-LU
  • 2. Section 1122(K)(ii):Transportation Enhancement Activity
    • Amends 23CFR 101(a)(35) to make eligible enhancements that “reduce vehicle-caused wildlife mortality while maintaining habitat connectivity”
wvc and safetea lu11
WVC and SAFETEA-LU
  • Section 1401(3)(B)(xviii)
    • Highway Safety Improvement Project eligibility includes “addition or retrofitting of structures or other measures to eliminate or reduce accidents involving vehicles and wildlife”
  • High Priority Project #1941
    • $200K Deer Avoidance System to be implemented on Interstate 90 (MP 494.5 PA to MP 304.2 NY)
additional wvc national efforts
Additional WVC National Efforts
  • Research will Play an Important Role

NCHRP Synthesis 37-12

“Animal-Vehicle Collision Data Collection”

DATA-DRIVEN

DECISIONS

interdisciplinary strategies

The Vehicles

  • (Automotive Engineering)
  • The Animals
  • (Environmental Stewardship)
  • The Drivers
  • (Education and Enforcement)
Interdisciplinary Strategies
  • The Roadways
  • (Highway Engineering)
what else do we know
What else do we know?
  • 12 to 35% of all reported crashes on rural, 2-Lane roads involve animals. (GAO, 2004)
  • Centers for Disease Control on WVC:
    • 54% involve collision with animal
    • 45% involve avoiding animal

“Don’t Veer for Deer” (Michigan)

highway safety engineering

PLANNING

PLANNING

DESIGN

SAFETY

DESIGN

OPERATIONS

SAFETY

OPERATIONS

CONSTRUCTION

CONSTRUCTION

Conventional PD Process

Improved Process

Highway Safety Engineering
  • “Science of Safety”
implementing safety improvements
Implementing Safety Improvements
  • Current Best-Practices & Technologies Can Address the Problem – Directly and Indirectly
    • Adopting AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan Strategies
    • Implementing Low-Cost Safety Improvements
    • Applying the principles of Context Sensitive Solutions
aashto strategic highway safety plan strategies
AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan Strategies
  • 22 Goals Selected to Significantly Reduce Highway Crash Fatalities
    • Run Off Road Emphasis Area
      • Goal 15: Keeping Vehicles on the Roadway
      • Goal 16: Minimizing Consequences of Leaving Roadway
measurable benefits to managing the roadside 1
Measurable Benefits to Managing the Roadside1

1. All tables excerpted from NCHRP 500 Volume 6: A Guide for Addressing Run-Off-Road Collisions

low cost safety improvements

ADDED CHEVRONS

BEFORE

ADDED GUARDRAIL

AFTER

Low Cost Safety Improvements

STEEP SIDESLOPE

“BLIND” CURVE

low cost safety improvements22

BEFORE

TREE REMOVAL & DELINEATION

ADDED STABILIZED SHOULDERS

AFTER

Low Cost Safety Improvements

HIGH TREEDENSITY

LACK OF SHOULDERS

low cost safety improvements23

TREE REMOVAL & IMPROVED SIGHTLINES

BEFORE

ADDED STABILIZED SHOULDERS

AFTER

Low Cost Safety Improvements

HIGH TREE DENSITY

LACK OF SHOULDERS

low cost safety improvements24

HIGH VEGETATION DENSITY

BEFORE

BRUSH CLEARING & IMPROVED SIGHTLINES

AFTER

Low Cost Safety Improvements
lcsi the safety edge
LCSI: The Safety Edge
  • Eliminates the vertical edge drop-off
  • Applies a 30°-35° asphalt fillet to the edge of the roadway
  • Minimal added cost (<1% overall)
context sensitive solutions success stories
Context Sensitive Solutions - Success Stories
  • From Arizona DOT

1. Story excerpted from FHWA Office of Environment website: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/wildlifeprotection/index.cfm?fuseaction=home.viewArticle&articleID=27

2. Photo credit to Doug Klassen’s “Forty Years on Two Wheels” internet web log

context sensitive solutions success stories27
Context Sensitive Solutions - Success Stories
  • From Arizona DOT

1. Story excerpted from FHWA Office of Environment website: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/wildlifeprotection/index.cfm?fuseaction=home.viewArticle&articleID=27

2. Photo credit to Doug Klassen’s “Forty Years on Two Wheels” internet web log

the next step
The Next Step
  • Tailoring Existing Safety Solutions to a Growing Problem
    • SAFETEA-LU: Improve data quality and knowledge of best practices
    • Safety Best Practices: Have a Positive Impact on Reducing Severity and Number of WVC
    • Research: Finding solutions that balances resources (interdisciplinary).
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Thank You

Patrick HassonTel: 708-283-3595

Email: patrick.hasson@fhwa.dot.gov