1 / 46

Introductory activity:

Introductory activity:. Please visit my teacher page. Download and save a copy of the Andrew Jackson Webquest. Add to A ssignment Folder. Complete before end of class. No exceptions!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!. Chapter 8 The Spirit of Reform. Section 1 The Age of Jackson.

Download Presentation

Introductory activity:

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Introductory activity: • Please visit my teacher page. • Download and save a copy of the Andrew Jackson Webquest. • Add to Assignment Folder. • Complete before end of class. • No exceptions!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  2. Chapter 8 The Spirit of Reform Section 1 The Age of Jackson

  3. Do Now Activity • How do you spoil someone? What does spoil mean? • Name one person that you would spoil and why?

  4. Objectives: • Identify key ideas, events and legislative action taken before and during Andrew Jackson’s presidential administration.

  5. I. A New Era in Politics • Beginning in the early 1800s & continuing through Andrew Jackson’s presidency, the nation’s political system became more democratic.

  6. A. Expansion of Voting Rights • Many states lowered or eliminated property ownership as a voting qualification

  7. Andrew Jackson “Old hickory”

  8. B. Andrew Jackson’s Presidency • Became the 1st man to rise from childhood poverty to the office of President. • Was elected because many felt he represented the common man.

  9. B. Continued • His presidency became known as the Jacksonian Democracy. • 1) Spoils System – Jackson openly allowed his friends and supporters to have high positions

  10. C. Nullification Crisis • 1) The Issue • South Carolina’s economy weakened due to the nation’s tariffs • S. C. purchased many goods from England tariffs made them extremely expensive.

  11. C. Continued • 2) Tariff of Abominations • Raised tariffs again • Afterwards S. C. threatened to secede (withdraw) from the Union

  12. C. Continued • 3) John C. Calhoun • Vice President of U.S. & South Carolinian • Proposed nullification rather than support secession.

  13. C. Continued • 4) Nullification • States have the right to declare a federal law null or not valid/void. • Jackson never debated this issue but he was prepared to call federal troops if S.C. chose to secede.

  14. II. Policies Toward Native Americans

  15. A. Indian Removal Act (1830) • Pushed through Congress by Andrew Jackson. • Provided money for relocating Native Americans.

  16. B. Worcester v. Georgia • Chief Justice John Marshall ordered state officials to honor Cherokee property rights • Jackson refused to obey court orders and sent federal troops to forcibly remove the Cherokee.

  17. C. Trail of Tears (1838-1839) • The Cherokee journey to Oklahoma (reservations) • 800 mile journey • Many natives died of disease, starvation, & exposure to the bitter cold.

  18. Trial of Tears

  19. III. New Party Emerges • Andrew Jackson ‘s forceful style caused many supporters to sway away.

  20. A. Whig Party • Party of Jackson opposers • Wanted a larger federal government, centralized economy, and commercial and industrial development.

  21. Whig Party

  22. V. Presidencies Continued • 8th President - Martin Van Buren (1836) • 9th President – William Harrison • Served the shortest term of any American president (32 days)

  23. V. continued • 10th president – John Tyler (was Harrison’s vice president) Succeeded to the presidency. • Presidents Continued

  24. Presidents 8, 9 & 10

  25. Section 2 Notes A Changing Culture

  26. I. A New Wave of Immigrants • Many came to America in search of a better way of life, economic opportunity.

  27. A. Reasons for Coming • To escape political turmoil, violence, poverty, and starvation

  28. B. Immigrant Groups • Most immigrants btwn 1815 – 1860 came from Ireland (Irish). • Left because of a famine in 1845 • Germans were the second largest immigrant group during this period

  29. C. Nativism • Many immigrants faced nativists • Nativism • Hostility toward foreigners

  30. II. Religious Revival • New forms of worship become prominent

  31. A. Second Great Awakening • Began in Kentucky among frontier farmers • Basic message: individuals must readmit God and Christ into their daily lives. • Preached that all people could

  32. A. Continued • attain grace through faith. • Held camp meetings

  33. B. New Religious Groups Form • 1) Unitarians – reject the idea that Jesus was the son of God but that he was a great teacher. God is a unity and not a trinity.

  34. B. Continued • 2) Universalists – believe in the universal salvation of souls. Reject the idea of hell & believe God intends to save everyone.

  35. B. Continued • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormon) – Believed they were to build a kingdom on Earth to receive God. • Started by Joseph Smith and later led by Brigham Young

  36. B. Continued • Settled in Utah. • Practiced polygamy (marriage to more than one wife)

  37. Literary Renaissance • Romanticism – Feeling over reason • Transcendentalism – transcend or overcome the limits of the mind

  38. A. American Writers Emerge • 1) Ralph Waldo Emerson – influential transcendentalist , essayist and poet with eloquent speech & poetic language • 2) Henry David Thoreau – Writer, philosopher and naturalist

  39. A. Continued • 3) Walt Whitman – poet who emphasized the great worth of each individual; loved nature, the common people • 4) Nathaniel Hawthorne – novelist who wrote about sin & punishment , The Scarlet Letter

  40. A. Continued • 5) Washington Irvin – First American writer to gain international fame. Wrote short stories, “Rip Van Winkle” and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”

  41. A. Continued • 6) Edgar Allen Poe – Poet, short story master. Wrote mysterious literature, “The Raven” – famous poem • 7) James Fenimore Cooper – novelist who became the 1st great

  42. A. continued • American writer. Romanticized Native Americans, The Last of the Mohicans • 8) Emily Dickinson – lived in seclusion while writing; wrote about love, death and immorality

  43. A. continued • 9) Herman Melville – based his novels on his experiences in the U.S. Navy, Moby Dick, dedicated to his friend Nathaniel Hawthorne

  44. IV. Utopian Communities

  45. A. Utopia • Ideal society • Cooperative living

  46. B. Utopian Communities • Shakers, Amish, Mennonites and Quakersuakers • Started Utopian communities to have a better way of life.

More Related