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The Great Depression Difficult Times for America What was the Great Depression? A worldwide economic crisis The crash of the stock market The failure of banks and businesses America’s worst period of unemployment A nightmare for the American Dream A time of poverty and despair

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the great depression

The Great Depression

Difficult Times for America

what was the great depression
What was the Great Depression?
  • A worldwide economic crisis
  • The crash of the stock market
  • The failure of banks and businesses
  • America’s worst period of unemployment
  • A nightmare for the American Dream
  • A time of poverty and despair
stock market crash
Stock Market Crash
  • October 24, 1929
  • Black Thursday
  • Panic
  • Too many had gambled by borrowing to buy stock
  • Black Tuesday, October 29, 1929, the beginning of the Great Depression
causes of the great depression
Causes of the Great Depression
  • Industries using machinery produced surpluses of goods
  • Low salaries prevented many from buying goods
  • Farmers had bad years and had to borrow money from banks
  • Huge farm surpluses caused a drop in prices and losses to farmers
  • Import tariffs discouraged trade with foreign countries
the crash continues
The Crash Continues
  • Banks failed
  • Factories closed
  • Stores closed
  • Crop prices fell
  • Jobs disappeared
  • Homes were lost
some of the statistics
Some of the Statistics
  • In 1931, 800 banks failed in 2 months
  • In 1932 over 30,000 companies closed
  • Black unemployment rose to 56 % in 1932
  • By 1933 salaries fell 40% and hourly wages fell 60%
  • By 1935, 10 to 20 thousand children under the age of 10 worked in mills or on farms
people in the depression
People in the Depression
  • Evictions
  • Hunger
  • Malnutrition
  • Disease
  • Hobos
  • Breadlines
how did the great depression end
How Did the Great Depression End?
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Discontent with Herbert Hoover
  • Voters elected Roosevelt to the presidency in 1932
how did the great depression end16
How Did the Great Depression End?
  • Roosevelt and advisors created the New Deal
  • Relief and recovery
  • Public works programs funded by government
  • Provided thousands of jobs
how did the great depression end17
How Did the Great Depression End?
  • World War II1941
  • Increased demand for American goods
  • The end of the Great Depression
bibliography and credits
Bibliography and Credits
  • Photographs and posters are courtesy of the American Memory Collection of the Library of Congress
  • Bigger, Margaret G., ed. The Great Depression—How We Coped, Worked and Played. A. Borough Books: Charlotte, NC, 2001.
  • Farrell, Jacqueline. The Great Depression. World History Series. Lucent Books: San Diego, 1996.
continued
continued
  • Gerdes, Louise I, ed. The 1930s. Greenhaven Press: San Diego, 2000.
  • McElvaine, Robert S. The Great Depression: America, 1929—1941. Times Books: New York, 1984.
  • Mulvey, Deb, ed. ‘We Had Everything But Money.’ Reminisce Books: Greendale, WI, 1992.
links to more information
Links to More Information
  • History of the Great Depressionhttp://www.usembassy.de/usa/history-depression.htm
links
Links
  • The New Dealhttp://usinfo.state.gov/products/pubs/history/ch10.htmhttp://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/index.html
  • Fireside chatshttp://www.mhrcc.org/fdr/fdr.html
links22
Links
  • Banking

http://www.fdic.gov/about/learn/learning/when/1930s.html

links23
Links
  • Dust Bowl

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/dustbowl/

links24
Links
  • Hoboshttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/rails/index.html
links25
Links
  • Hoovervilleshttp://www.washington.edu/uwired/outreach/cspn/hstaa432/lesson_19/hooverville.html

http://www.historylink.org/galleries/nowthen/hoover.htm

http://www.clpgh.org/exhibit/neighborhoods/strip/strip_n24.htmlhttp://www.pbs.org/wnet/newyork/laic/episode6/topic1/e6_t1_s3-hv.html

links26
Links
  • Bungalows

http://www.sos.state.mi.us/history/museum/explore/museums/hismus/1900-75/depressn/bungradi.html

links27
Links
  • Music, Arts, Fashion, etc.

http://kclibrary.nhmccd.edu/decade30.htmlhttp://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/new_deal_for_the_arts/index.html

links28
Links
  • Movieshttp://xroads.virginia.edu/~1930s/FILM/filmfr.html

http://www.reelclassics.com/Actresses/Shirley/shirley.htmhttp://www.reelclassics.com/Movies/GWTW/GWTW.htmhttp://www.reelclassics.com/Movies/MrSmith/mrsmith.htm

links29
Links
  • Movies continuedhttp://www.reelclassics.com/Teams/Fred&Ginger/fred&ginger7.htmhttp://www.reelclassics.com/Musicals/Wizoz/wizoz.htmhttp://www.filmsite.org/snow.html
links30
Links
  • Radiohttp://www.radiohof.org/musicvariety/katesmith.html

http://www.radiohof.org/adventuredrama/shadow.html

http://members.aol.com/jeff1070/wotw.html

links31
Links
  • Comics

http://xroads.virginia.edu/~1930s/PRINT/comic/cartoon.html

links32
Links
  • Breadlines

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/newyork/laic/episode6/topic1/e6_t1_s2-bl.html