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Technology exports an imports of Japanese enterprises and the impact of the financial crisis Presentation to the 2nd Meeting of the Working Party on International Trade in Goods and Trade in Services Statistics (WPTGS) 16-18 November 2009 Toshie Kori International Department, Bank of Japan

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technology exports an imports of japanese enterprises and the impact of the financial crisis

Technology exports an imports of Japanese enterprises and the impact of the financial crisis

Presentation to the 2nd Meeting of the Working Party on

International Trade in Goods and Trade in Services Statistics (WPTGS)

16-18 November 2009

ToshieKori

International Department, Bank of Japan

features of technology trade in japan
Features of Technology trade in Japan
  • Surplus of “royalties and license fees” has been increasing reflecting increasing surplus in “royalties.”
  • In contrast with “royalties,” “license fees” are consistently deficit reflecting payments of fees for computer software.

Figure 1: Royalties and License Fees

features of technology trade in japan payment receipts of royalties by industry
Features of Technology trade in JapanPayment & Receipts of Royalties by industry
  • Major part of surplus in “royalties” are those related to transport equipment, which account for more than 90 percent of the surplus.

Figure 2: Payments and Receipts of Royalties by Industry

features of technology trade in japan4
Features of Technology trade in Japan
  • The large receipts of motor vehicle-related royalties due to the industry's high overseas production ratio.
    • The expansion of overseas production by Japanese motor vehicle companies is the major contributor to the increase in the overall surplus.

Table 1: Overseas Production Ratios (By Industry)

features of technology trade in japan5
Features of Technology trade in Japan
  • One of the features of motor vehicle-related receipts of royalties is that intra-firm transactions (between parent companies and their subsidiaries) account for a major portion.

Table 2: Technology Exports and Imports (By Industry)

features of technology trade in japan6
Features of Technology trade in Japan
  • Receipt of “royalties” by industries closely linked with Japanese enterprises’ direct investment.

Figure 3: Direct Investment Assets by Region at Year-End

features of technology trade in japan features of receipt of royalties by region
Features of Technology trade in Japan Features of Receipt of “Royalties" by Region
  • Increasing receipt of “royalties” from BRICs countries reflecting increasing investment to those countries.

Figure 4: The Regional Composition of Royalties

2004

2008

features of technology trade in japan features of receipt of royalties by region8
Features of Technology trade in JapanFeatures of Receipt of “Royalties" by Region

Figure 5: Direct Investment Assets by Region at Year End

features of technology trade in japan comparison of technology exports and imports by region
Features of Technology trade in JapanComparison of technology exports and imports by region

Figure 6:

Technology Exports and Imports by Region for 2008

features of technology trade in japan10
Features of Technology trade in Japan
  • R&D payment by pharmaceutical companies are increasing.

Figure 7: Payments for R&D Expenses by Industry

impacts of financial crisis
Impacts of Financial Crisis
  • Receipt of “royalties” decreased significantly after the September 2008.

Figure 8: Royalties and License Fees

(from September to August)

impacts of financial crisis12
Impacts of Financial Crisis
  • By industry, decrease in receipts of motor vehicle-related royalties was outstanding, due to decline in global consumption particularly for automobiles.

Figure 9: Payments and Receipts of Royalties

by Industry(from September to August)

impacts of financial crisis13
Impacts of Financial Crisis
  • While “loyalties and license fees” decreased significantly, R&D exports and imports remained at the same level as in the previous year.

Figure 10: Comparison of Technology Exports and

Imports by Region, before Financial Crisis

and Afterwards

impacts of financial crisis14
Impacts of Financial Crisis

Figure 11: Payments for R&D Expenses by Industry

(from September to August)