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Proper Automotive Waste Management - Liquid Wastes. By Christine Flowers and Raleigh Ross Sponsored by the California Integrated Waste Management Board. Liquid Waste In-Vehicle Usage. Used oil Motor oil Automatic transmission fluid Engine coolant Brake fluid Fuels. Used Oil. Problems

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proper automotive waste management liquid wastes

Proper Automotive Waste Management - Liquid Wastes

By Christine Flowers and Raleigh Ross

Sponsored by the California Integrated Waste Management Board

liquid waste in vehicle usage
Liquid WasteIn-Vehicle Usage
  • Used oil
  • Motor oil
  • Automatic transmission fluid
  • Engine coolant
  • Brake fluid
  • Fuels
used oil
Used Oil
  • Problems
    • Environmental Impact
    • Worker Safety
    • Regulations
      • Used Oil Generator Requirements
used oil4
Used Oil
  • Solutions
    • Waste Reduction
    • Recycling
    • Waste Management
      • Storage
      • Transporting Used Oil
      • Mobile Maintenance Operations
      • Miscellaneous
motor oil
Motor Oil
  • Sources of contamination
  • California statistics
motor oil problems
Motor Oil - Problems
  • Environmental Impact
  • Worker Safety
  • Regulations
motor oil solutions
Motor Oil - Solutions
  • Waste Reduction
    • Oil Life Extension
    • Why test your engine oil?
    • Advantages of Oil Testing
motor oil solutions8
Motor Oil - Solutions
  • Waste Reduction
    • By Pass Oil Filter
    • What is a By-Pass Oil Filter?
    • What Does a By-Pass Oil Filter Do?
    • Why Use a By-Pass Oil Filter?
motor oil solutions9
Motor Oil - Solutions
  • Waste Reduction
    • Why Sample Oil?
    • Interesting Facts
motor oil solutions10
Motor Oil - Solutions
  • Recycling
    • Engine oil can be recycled as:
    • What is re-refined oil?
    • Are re-refined lubricants safe to use?
    • Why recycle used oil?
    • Re-Refined Oil Facts
    • Get Paid For Recycling
  • Waste Management
atf problems
ATF - Problems
  • Environmental Impact
  • Worker Safety
  • Regulations
atf solutions
ATF - Solutions
  • Waste Reduction
  • Recycling
  • Waste Management
engine coolant problems
Engine Coolant - Problems
  • Environmental Impact
    • Antifreeze is Hazardous if it contains lead or other metals, fuel or solvents.
    • Improper Management and Disposal
      • Pouring antifreeze into a floor drain .
      • Never dump antifreeze on the ground, to a storm sewer, or to a body of water.
        • Children and animals like the sweet taste and can become very ill or even die. Fish kills have resulted from antifreeze in streams.
      • Never discharge antifreeze to a septic system - it can interfere with bacteria function.
engine coolant problems14
Engine Coolant - Problems
  • Worker Safety
  • Regulations
    • Many states regulate used antifreeze as a hazardous waste.
engine coolant solutions
Engine Coolant - Solutions
  • Waste Reduction
    • Look at antifreeze for contaminants, and test for freeze point and pH.
      • Fresh ethylene glycol or corrosion inhibitors can be added to adjust these parameters.
    • Reuse antifreeze when possible - avoid unnecessary disposal of good antifreeze.
  • Recycling
    • Recycle and reuse whenever possible.
engine coolant solutions16
Engine Coolant - Solutions
  • Waste Management
  • “Safer” Antifreeze
    • Propylene glycol has been introduced as a “non-toxic antifreeze”
      • Only slightly less toxic to humans and animals.
    • “Safer” antifreeze is hazardous if contaminated with fuel, solvents or lead
brake fluid problems
Brake Fluid - Problems
  • Environmental Impact
  • Worker Safety
  • Regulations
brake fluid solutions
Brake Fluid - Solutions
  • Waste Reduction
  • Recycling
  • Waste Management
gasoline and diesel fuel
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel
  • Problems
    • Environmental Impact
    • Worker Safety
    • Regulations
gasoline and diesel fuel20
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel
  • Solutions
    • Waste Reduction
    • Recycling
    • Waste Management
liquid waste in shop usage
Liquid WasteIn-Shop Usage
  • Cleaning liquids
  • Acids
  • Alkaline solutions
  • Waste water
cleaning liquids
Cleaning Liquids
  • Cleaning solutions, solvents and degreasers come in three forms:
  • These cleaning liquids are generally applied in four ways:
  • Parts Washers - Mineral Spirits
  • Parts Washers – Aqueous
      • Brake And Carburetor Cleaners
      • N-Hexane Use as a Brake Cleaner
      • Do you use any of these products?
cleaning liquids problems
Cleaning Liquids - Problems
  • Environmental Impact
cleaning liquids problems24
Cleaning Liquids - Problems
  • Worker Safety
    • n-Hexane
    • How to know if you are working with n -Hexane
    • How n-Hexane enters your body
    • How n- Hexane Can Affect Your Health
      • Effects on the Nervous System
      • Other Effects
      • Are there any tests for health effects and exposure?
      • How to control your exposure
cleaning liquids problems25
Cleaning Liquids - Problems
  • Regulations
    • Regulations that help to protect workers from n-Hexane
    • Permissible Exposure Limits
    • Monitoring
    • Hazard Communication Standard
    • Injury and Illness Prevention Program
    • Access to Medical and Exposure Records
cleaning liquids solutions
Cleaning Liquids - Solutions
  • Waste Reduction
  • n-Hexane Usage
    • Ventilation
    • Respiratory Protection
    • Skin Protection
    • Substitution
    • Use Less
  • Brake and Carburetor Cleaners
  • Aqueous Brake Cleaning
cleaning liquids solutions27
Cleaning Liquids - Solutions
  • Recycling
  • Waste Management
    • Managing aqueous cleaning wastes
    • Waste Solution
    • Used filters
    • Skimmed oil
    • Simple sludge management
    • Keeping aerosol products away from aqueous brake washers
proper solvent usage
Proper Solvent Usage
  • Do not add any chemicals to solvent
  • Pre-clean parts of excessive dirt, sludge and grease
    • Dispose of these properly
  • Do not allow solvent to enter waste oil container
  • Do not allow solvent to enter waste water
reduce waste in parts washing
Reduce Waste in Parts Washing
  • Clean parts in a parts washer with a lid - do not clean in an open bucket/pan
  • Keep parts washer lids closed and spray nozzles turned off -- reduce evaporation.
  • Locate units away from heat sources and drafts - prevent evaporation
  • Drain parts thoroughly in parts washer - prevent drips.

Parts Washing 3-5 (a)

acids problems
Acids - Problems
  • Environmental Impact
  • Worker Safety
  • Regulations
acids solutions
Acids - Solutions
  • Waste Reduction
  • Recycling
  • Waste Management
alkaline solutions problems
Alkaline Solutions - Problems
  • Environmental Impact
  • Worker Safety
  • Regulations
alkaline solutions solutions
Alkaline Solutions - Solutions
  • Waste Reduction
  • Recycling
  • Waste Management
waste water
Waste Water
  • Engine & Vehicle Cleaning Wash Water
  • Floor Cleaning Wash Water
  • Sump Sludge
waste water problems
Waste Water - Problems
  • Environmental Impact
    • Why be Concerned About Oil/Water Separators?
  • Worker Safety
  • Regulations
waste water solutions
Waste Water - Solutions
  • Waste Reduction
    • To make sure your oil/water separators works properly, remember:
    • Heavier or lighter than water?
    • How to keep oil and solids out?
waste water solutions37
Waste Water - Solutions
  • Recycling
    • Use oil-only absorbents to separate and recycle oil from your OWS
    • Use microbes to digest oil in your OWS
waste water solutions38
Waste Water - Solutions
  • Waste Management
    • Car Repair and Car Wash
    • Bioremediation Benefits
    • Limitations of Bioremediation
waste water pollution prevention
Waste Water Pollution Prevention
  • Replace hazardous cleaners with mild soaps to clean floors and vehicles.
    • Read product MSDS prior to purchasing to eliminate corrosive or toxic cleaners.
  • Stop drips and spills from reaching the floor
    • Use drip pans and good housekeeping.
  • Clean spills immediately, using a dedicated mop and bucket or launderable rags

Wastewater and Floor Drain Sludge 6-3 (a)

waste water pollution prevention40
Waste Water Pollution Prevention
  • Never clean spills by hosing them down with water.
  • Do work in areas without floor drains, or seal drains temporarily during work.
  • Seal drains permanently to prevent spills from contaminating wastewater.
  • Store hazardous wastes and hazardous materials away from drains or seal drains.

Wastewater and Floor Drain Sludge 6-3 (b)