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Proper Automotive Waste Management - Liquid Wastes PowerPoint Presentation
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Proper Automotive Waste Management - Liquid Wastes

Proper Automotive Waste Management - Liquid Wastes

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Proper Automotive Waste Management - Liquid Wastes

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  1. Proper Automotive Waste Management - Liquid Wastes By Christine Flowers and Raleigh Ross Sponsored by the California Integrated Waste Management Board

  2. Liquid WasteIn-Vehicle Usage • Used oil • Motor oil • Automatic transmission fluid • Engine coolant • Brake fluid • Fuels

  3. Used Oil • Problems • Environmental Impact • Worker Safety • Regulations • Used Oil Generator Requirements

  4. Used Oil • Solutions • Waste Reduction • Recycling • Waste Management • Storage • Transporting Used Oil • Mobile Maintenance Operations • Miscellaneous

  5. Motor Oil • Sources of contamination • California statistics

  6. Motor Oil - Problems • Environmental Impact • Worker Safety • Regulations

  7. Motor Oil - Solutions • Waste Reduction • Oil Life Extension • Why test your engine oil? • Advantages of Oil Testing

  8. Motor Oil - Solutions • Waste Reduction • By Pass Oil Filter • What is a By-Pass Oil Filter? • What Does a By-Pass Oil Filter Do? • Why Use a By-Pass Oil Filter?

  9. Motor Oil - Solutions • Waste Reduction • Why Sample Oil? • Interesting Facts

  10. Motor Oil - Solutions • Recycling • Engine oil can be recycled as: • What is re-refined oil? • Are re-refined lubricants safe to use? • Why recycle used oil? • Re-Refined Oil Facts • Get Paid For Recycling • Waste Management

  11. ATF - Problems • Environmental Impact • Worker Safety • Regulations

  12. ATF - Solutions • Waste Reduction • Recycling • Waste Management

  13. Engine Coolant - Problems • Environmental Impact • Antifreeze is Hazardous if it contains lead or other metals, fuel or solvents. • Improper Management and Disposal • Pouring antifreeze into a floor drain . • Never dump antifreeze on the ground, to a storm sewer, or to a body of water. • Children and animals like the sweet taste and can become very ill or even die. Fish kills have resulted from antifreeze in streams. • Never discharge antifreeze to a septic system - it can interfere with bacteria function.

  14. Engine Coolant - Problems • Worker Safety • Regulations • Many states regulate used antifreeze as a hazardous waste.

  15. Engine Coolant - Solutions • Waste Reduction • Look at antifreeze for contaminants, and test for freeze point and pH. • Fresh ethylene glycol or corrosion inhibitors can be added to adjust these parameters. • Reuse antifreeze when possible - avoid unnecessary disposal of good antifreeze. • Recycling • Recycle and reuse whenever possible.

  16. Engine Coolant - Solutions • Waste Management • “Safer” Antifreeze • Propylene glycol has been introduced as a “non-toxic antifreeze” • Only slightly less toxic to humans and animals. • “Safer” antifreeze is hazardous if contaminated with fuel, solvents or lead

  17. Brake Fluid - Problems • Environmental Impact • Worker Safety • Regulations

  18. Brake Fluid - Solutions • Waste Reduction • Recycling • Waste Management

  19. Gasoline and Diesel Fuel • Problems • Environmental Impact • Worker Safety • Regulations

  20. Gasoline and Diesel Fuel • Solutions • Waste Reduction • Recycling • Waste Management

  21. Liquid WasteIn-Shop Usage • Cleaning liquids • Acids • Alkaline solutions • Waste water

  22. Cleaning Liquids • Cleaning solutions, solvents and degreasers come in three forms: • These cleaning liquids are generally applied in four ways: • Parts Washers - Mineral Spirits • Parts Washers – Aqueous • Brake And Carburetor Cleaners • N-Hexane Use as a Brake Cleaner • Do you use any of these products?

  23. Cleaning Liquids - Problems • Environmental Impact

  24. Cleaning Liquids - Problems • Worker Safety • n-Hexane • How to know if you are working with n -Hexane • How n-Hexane enters your body • How n- Hexane Can Affect Your Health • Effects on the Nervous System • Other Effects • Are there any tests for health effects and exposure? • How to control your exposure

  25. Cleaning Liquids - Problems • Regulations • Regulations that help to protect workers from n-Hexane • Permissible Exposure Limits • Monitoring • Hazard Communication Standard • Injury and Illness Prevention Program • Access to Medical and Exposure Records

  26. Cleaning Liquids - Solutions • Waste Reduction • n-Hexane Usage • Ventilation • Respiratory Protection • Skin Protection • Substitution • Use Less • Brake and Carburetor Cleaners • Aqueous Brake Cleaning

  27. Cleaning Liquids - Solutions • Recycling • Waste Management • Managing aqueous cleaning wastes • Waste Solution • Used filters • Skimmed oil • Simple sludge management • Keeping aerosol products away from aqueous brake washers

  28. Proper Solvent Usage • Do not add any chemicals to solvent • Pre-clean parts of excessive dirt, sludge and grease • Dispose of these properly • Do not allow solvent to enter waste oil container • Do not allow solvent to enter waste water

  29. Reduce Waste in Parts Washing • Clean parts in a parts washer with a lid - do not clean in an open bucket/pan • Keep parts washer lids closed and spray nozzles turned off -- reduce evaporation. • Locate units away from heat sources and drafts - prevent evaporation • Drain parts thoroughly in parts washer - prevent drips. Parts Washing 3-5 (a)

  30. Acids - Problems • Environmental Impact • Worker Safety • Regulations

  31. Acids - Solutions • Waste Reduction • Recycling • Waste Management

  32. Alkaline Solutions - Problems • Environmental Impact • Worker Safety • Regulations

  33. Alkaline Solutions - Solutions • Waste Reduction • Recycling • Waste Management

  34. Waste Water • Engine & Vehicle Cleaning Wash Water • Floor Cleaning Wash Water • Sump Sludge

  35. Waste Water - Problems • Environmental Impact • Why be Concerned About Oil/Water Separators? • Worker Safety • Regulations

  36. Waste Water - Solutions • Waste Reduction • To make sure your oil/water separators works properly, remember: • Heavier or lighter than water? • How to keep oil and solids out?

  37. Waste Water - Solutions • Recycling • Use oil-only absorbents to separate and recycle oil from your OWS • Use microbes to digest oil in your OWS

  38. Waste Water - Solutions • Waste Management • Car Repair and Car Wash • Bioremediation Benefits • Limitations of Bioremediation

  39. Waste Water Pollution Prevention • Replace hazardous cleaners with mild soaps to clean floors and vehicles. • Read product MSDS prior to purchasing to eliminate corrosive or toxic cleaners. • Stop drips and spills from reaching the floor • Use drip pans and good housekeeping. • Clean spills immediately, using a dedicated mop and bucket or launderable rags Wastewater and Floor Drain Sludge 6-3 (a)

  40. Waste Water Pollution Prevention • Never clean spills by hosing them down with water. • Do work in areas without floor drains, or seal drains temporarily during work. • Seal drains permanently to prevent spills from contaminating wastewater. • Store hazardous wastes and hazardous materials away from drains or seal drains. Wastewater and Floor Drain Sludge 6-3 (b)