New Echota Historic Site. A Virtual Tour of New Echota Capitol of the Cherokee Nation from 1825 - 1838. Cherokee Indian Memorial.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
A Virtual Tour of New Echota
Capitol of the Cherokee Nation from 1825 - 1838
Erected in honor of the Cherokee Nation by the United States Government in 1954, on the site of New Echota, last capital of the Cherokee Indians east of the Mississippi River.
The Cherokee Nation, composed of twenty thousand people, occupied territory in Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina and Tennessee. It was recognized by the Supreme Court of the United States as an independent community and was the only group of American Indians to adopt a republican form of government based on a written constitution.
John Ross was elected principal chief. Under the influence of Moravian missionaries, the Cherokee became Christianized and attained a high degree of civilization.
Replica of the Supreme Court Building
Replica of the Council House
Replica of Cherokee Phoenix printing office and press
Replica of typical “middle class” home
When the Cherokee were forced to leave, the town was abandoned and New Echota disappeared into the dust of time.
“The New Echota Treaty of 1835 relinquished Cherokee Indian claims to lands east of the Mississippi River. The majority of the Cherokee people considered the treaty fraudulent and refused to leave their homelands in Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina and Tennessee. 7,000 Federal and State troops were ordered into the Cherokee Nation to forcibly evict the Indians. On May 26, 1838, the roundup began. Over 15,000 Cherokee were forced from their homes at gunpoint and imprisoned in stockades until removal to the west could take place. 2,700 left by boat in June, 1838, but due to many deaths and sickness, removal was suspended until cooler weather. Most of the remaining 13,000 Cherokee left by wagon, horseback, or on foot during October and November, 1838, on an 800 mile route through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri and Arkansas. They arrived in what is now eastern Oklahoma during January, February and March, 1839. Disease, exposure, and starvation may have claimed as many as 4,000 Cherokee lives during the course of capture, imprisonment and removal. The ordeal has become known as the Trail of Tears.”
“We are now about to take our final leave and kind farewell to our native land, the country that the Great Spirit gave our Fathers. We are on the eve of leaving that country that gave us birth. It is the land of our Nation, and it is with sorrow that we are forced by the authority of the white man to quit the scenes of our childhood.”
“Pangs of parting are tearing the hearts of our bravest men at this forced abandonment of their dear lov’d country…”
William Shorey Coodey
“Whole Indian Nations have melted away like snowballs in the sun before the white man’s advance…
Chief Dragging Canoe