NATO Pest Control LTC Jamie Blow Chief, Operations Division Contingency Liaison Officer Armed Forces Pest Management Board
NATO Operations • Today’s military operations are usually composed of multi-national forces from many different Nations. • Each Nation has different standards and requirements that often conflict with other nations. • NATO has developed a set of documents called STANAGs. • STANAG 2048 is for the “Chemical Methods of Insect and Rodent Control”.
NATO STANAGs • A series of standardization agreements (STANAG) for procedures, systems and equipment components. • STANAG 2048 is for the Chemical Methods of Insect and Rodent Control.
STANAG 2048 • Defines the standardized, professional use of chemical agents according to the principles of IPM aiming at the most effective but least toxic control of disease vectors as well as stored product and other pests. • It includes a NATO contingency list summarizing available, licensed, and militarily suitable products by member nations.
STANAG 2048 • Composed of two parts: • Cover Letter - STANAG 2048 • Body - AMedP-3(C) • Contributions made by: BEL, CAN, FRA,DEU, BDR, GRL, ITA, NLD, POL, ESP, TUR, and USA • Countries can do 3 different things: • Ratify (11 to include GBR and US) • Ratify with reservations (3 to include Canada) • No response (9)
AMedP-3(C) • Chapter 1 General Practice of Pesticide Use and IPM • Chapter 2 NATO Contingency Pesticide List • Appendices • Appendix for each contributing NATO country that includes information on pesticides.
AMedP – 3(C) • Provides information on the pesticides used by contributing Nations. • Does not provide information on pesticide applicator qualifications. • Does not include any pesticide reporting requirement. • Does not provide any information on contract pest control.
Canadian Military PMed Overview • Responsibilities of PMed Techs • Preventive Medicine Training & Education
Responsibilities • QR&O 34.011 – RESPONSIBILITIES OF MEDICAL OFFICERS34.011 – RESPONSABILITÉS DES MÉDECINS MILITAIRESThe senior medical officer at all levels of command is the responsible adviser to the senior officer exercising the function of command or executive authority on all matters pertaining to the health and physical efficiency of all personnel under his jurisdiction. • The CF does not have uniformed Entomologists/ Environmental Health or Preventive Medicine Officers. These functions are performed by the CF Preventive Medicine Technician • Force Health protection has one civilian Senior Staff Entomologist within the Directorate of Force Health Protection. Dr Steve Schofield.
PMED TECHS • Deploy in all environments • Independent duty • Responsible to the Senior Medical Officer (Base Surgeon) • Base/Wing Surgeon Leader of the Preventive Medicine team
Responsibilities of a B/W Preventive Medicine Technician • PMedTechs are at all times directly responsible to the Base/Wing Surgeon or Senior Medical Officer on all matters pertaining to preventive medicine on the B/W and supported units. • The PMed Tech must establish a close working relationship with all medical staff, Base/Wing or local community health workers including those persons involved in occupational health and safety. • They must posses a sound knowledge of the scope of PMed and be responsible for and capable of advising the Base/Wing Surgeon/ medical staff and subordinate PMed Techs on all matters relating to the following:
Preventive Medicine Training • Basic Occupational Qualification 5A: • selection board held to review potential candidates that have submitted voluntary occupational transfers; • Candidates have a minimum of 36 months service at time of application. We draw from Medical Technician occupation; • On selection proceed to Borden, Canadian Forces Medical services School for 161 days of intensive Public Health training; • Core Content • Implement pesticide safety; • Conduct pest control; • Perform animal euthanasia; • Control communicable diseases; • Inspect food for human consumption; • Implement hearing conservation; • Implement thermal stress program • Inspect personnel facilities and services; • Conduct illumination surveys; • Conduct Toxic substance investigation • Inspect water; • Inspect waste disposal methods and systems; • Advise on disaster situations; and • Conduct a PMED Recce
Preventive Medicine • On completion of the Basic Occ qual Pmed Techs are Promoted to MCpl having reached the functional point; • Continuous career stream, 6A course in Industrial Hygiene at the Sgt level through Ryerson University • 6B WO course through CF health Services Training Center • 7A MWO course Post Graduate at McMaster University diploma in occupational Health and Safety
Communicable Disease Control • A rational approach to the control of communicable diseases demands knowledge of the distribution in nature of the causal micro-organisms and understanding of their mode of spread. The application of this knowledge in the case of Pest Management and associated disease risk forms the foundation of a control program. To support this the PMed Techs:
Perform • Ensures pest control program is correctly applied; • Reviews contracts;++ • Advises on best approach • Performs pest control work: including
Pest Control • Implement biting fly control programs; • Develop and implement vector surveillance activities; • Advise and determine requirements for PPM
Perform • Advises on Zoonotic issues; • Rabies prevention; • Domestic and Feral animal removal in deployment areas; • Performs animal Euthanasia when required
PMed Techs Carry 4 Province of Ontario Pest Control Quals • CORE Pest Control Qual common and required for each license • Structural Pest Control; • Fumigation; • Biting Fly; • Industrial Vegetation Management
Environmental Health Technicians • There is a liability for 70 EH Techs in the Regular Army. • They work in EH Teams, directed by EHO. • They are trained to Foundation Degree level using a partnership between Defence Medical Services Training Centre and Middlesex University. • The course lasts nearly 3 years, including an assessed practical attachment to an EH Team. • EH Techs can then apply for further qualifications as their career progresses.
The British Army Environmental Health Cadre • The non-deployable roles of the Army EH Cadre are: • Preventive medicine related support to Deployable and Regional Forces Divisions in UK and Germany. • Similar support to Permanent Joint Operating Bases in Cyprus and Gibraltar, and in Belize and Kenya. • Support to overseas training exercises. • Training of our own Environmental Health Technicians. • Training of All Arms personnel in operational EH techniques.
The British Army Environmental Health Cadre Operational Roles • Contained in Doctrine Note dated 20 Feb 07. • On deployments, EHO assume the nomenclature of Med FP (Medical Force Protection Officer). • Normally located at Force HQ (Med).
Selection and Entry Officer Training • Currently all Army EHO are commissioned by the Late Entry (LE) route, although Direct Entry commissions are feasible. • Following the Arms Selection Board, EHO are commissioned as Capt SSC(LE). • They are required to attend the Army Medical Services Entry Officers Course (EOC) – 4 weeks, followed by • The pan-Army Late Entry Officers Course (LEOC) – 4 weeks.
Career Progression • EHO can convert to (if selected) to SRC(LE) after 3 years, which means they can serve up to age 50. • At Maj (typically 6 years after commissioning) they can apply to convert to RegC (LE), which means they can serve up to age 55. • Once RegC (LE), they can be considered for the one Lt Col post available to them. • They can also convert to Mainstream Medical Support Officer (MSO) duties at any time during their commissioned service, by successful appearance before a conversion board.
Career Development Courses • Capt • Introduction to Disaster Relief Operations Cse • Tactical MEDINT Manager’s Course • Maj • CBRN Defence Staff Officers Course • Travel Medicine Course • Tropical Medicine Course • Joint Medical Planners Course • Lt Col • Defence Medical Services Senior Officers Course
Specialist Courses • CBRN Defence Science Course. • NATO Medical Planner Course. • NATO MEDINT Course. • NATO CBRN Courses. • Intelligence Analyst Courses.
Academic/Professional Development • Evidence of Continued Professional Development required. • MSc course at Maj, following conversion to SRC(LE).
British Army POC: Lt Col K I (Ken) Roberts RAMC SO1 Environmental Health Policy DGAMS/HQ LF Tel: +44 1276 412931 E-mail: email@example.com