Lecture 18 roman agricultural history
Download
1 / 39

Lecture 18 Roman Agricultural History - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 384 Views
  • Uploaded on

Lecture 18 Roman Agricultural History Forum Pompeii and Mount Vesuvius View from the Tower of Mercury on the Pompeii city wall looking down the Via di Mercurio toward the forum. Source: The Gardens of Pompeii, Jashemski, 1979. Source: Harper Atlas of World History, 1992.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Lecture 18 Roman Agricultural History' - Lucy


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Lecture 18 roman agricultural history l.jpg

Lecture 18Roman Agricultural History

Forum



Slide3 l.jpg

View from the Tower of Mercury on the Pompeii city wall looking down the Via di Mercurio toward the forum.

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii, Jashemski, 1979.


Slide4 l.jpg

Source: Harper Atlas of World History, 1992. looking down the Via di Mercurio toward the forum.


Slide5 l.jpg

Source: Harper Atlas of World History, 1992. looking down the Via di Mercurio toward the forum.


Slide6 l.jpg

Source: Harper Atlas of World History, 1992. looking down the Via di Mercurio toward the forum.


Slide7 l.jpg

Carthage looking down the Via di Mercurio toward the forum.

Founded 814 BCE in North Africa

Result of Phoenician expansion

North African city-state opposite Sicily

Mago 350 BCE, Father of AgricultureAgricultural author wrote a 28 volume work in Punic, A language close to Hebrew.

One who has bought land should sell his town house so that he will have no desire to worship the households of the city rather than those of the country; the man who takes great delight in his city residence will have no need of a country estate. Quotation from Columella after Mago

Roman Senate ordered the translation of Mago upon the fall of Carthage despite violent enmity between states.


Slide8 l.jpg

Hannibal looking down the Via di Mercurio toward the forum.

Capitoline MuseumsHall of HannibalJacopo Ripanda (attr.)Hannibal in ItalyFrescoBeginning of 16th century


Slide9 l.jpg

Roman History looking down the Via di Mercurio toward the forum.

700 BCE Origin from Greek Expansion

640-520 Etruscan civilization

509 Roman Republic

264-261 Punic wars between Carthage and Rome


Slide10 l.jpg

Roman Culture looking down the Via di Mercurio toward the forum.

Debt to Greek Egyptian and Babylonian Science and Esthetics

Roman expansion due to technology and organization

Agricultural Technology

Irrigation

Grafting

Viticulture and Enology

Wide knowledge of fruit culture, pulses, wheat Legumes rotation

Fertility appraisals

Cold storage of fruits

Specularia -- prototype greenhouse using mica

Olive oil for cooking and light


Slide11 l.jpg

  • Ornamental Horticulture looking down the Via di Mercurio toward the forum.

  • Hortus (gardens)

  • Villa urbana

  • Villa rustica

  • Suburbanum, little place in the country

  • Formal gardens of wealthy

  • Garden elements

    • Frescoed walls, statuary, fountains trellises, pergolas, flower boxes, shaded walks, terraces, topiary


Slide12 l.jpg

Getty Museum reconstruction of the Villa of the Papyri. Large peristyle garden.

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii, Jashemski, 1979.


Slide13 l.jpg

Peristyle garden. House of the Little Fountain. Large peristyle garden.

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii, Jashemski, 1979.


Slide14 l.jpg

Peristyle garden. House of Venus Marina. Large peristyle garden.

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii, Jashemski, 1979.


Slide15 l.jpg

Vine-covered triclinium in the Large peristyle garden.garden of the House of the Ephebe.Today glass protects Egyptian paintings on the triclinium.

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii, Jashemski, 1979.


Slide16 l.jpg

Frescoed wall from Empress Livia’s Garden. Large peristyle garden.

Pedestal in pool, Pompeii.

Source: Berrall


Slide17 l.jpg

The garden room in the Empress Livia’s Roman villa was subterranean – a cool place of escape in hot summer.The garden scene of which this is a part ran around all four walls.In the foreground of the fresco a simple wooden lattice fence encloses a green walk; a more complex fence with three repeated patterns surrounds the flowers, shrubs and fruit trees. (Late 1st century BCE)

An Illustrated History of Gardening. Huxley, 1978


Slide18 l.jpg

Garden painting. House of Venus Marina. subterranean – a cool place of escape in hot summer.

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii, Jashemski, 1979.


Slide19 l.jpg

Garden paintings in room off the paristyle. House of subterranean – a cool place of escape in hot summer.the Fruit Orchard. Detail of painting on east wall

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii, Jashemski, 1979.


Slide20 l.jpg

Garden painting subterranean – a cool place of escape in hot summer.on rear wall ofsmall raised garden.

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii,Jashemski, 1979.


Slide21 l.jpg

Detail of Nile Mosaic from the House of the Faun now in the Naples Museum.The leaf, bud, blossom, and seedpod of the Indian lotus are accurately portrayed.The mongoose, hippopotamus, Egyptian cobra, sheldrake and songbirds are also pictured.

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii, Jashemski, 1979.


Slide22 l.jpg

Isis ceremony. Painting from Herculaneum, Naples Museum.now in Naples Museum.

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii, Jashemski, 1979.


Slide23 l.jpg

Plums and quince in glass bowl. Wall painting in room 23. Naples Museum.Villa at Torre Annunziata.

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii, Jashemski, 1979.


Slide24 l.jpg

Basket of figs. Wall painting in triclinium. Naples Museum.Villa at Torre Annunziata.

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii, Jashemski, 1979.


Slide25 l.jpg

Fruit in a glass bowl. Naples Museum.


Slide26 l.jpg

Birds and pears Naples Museum.



Slide28 l.jpg

Cupids gathering grapes from vines supported by trees. Naples Museum.

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii, Jashemski, 1979.


Slide29 l.jpg

Reconstructed wine press. Villa of the Mysteries. Naples Museum.

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii,Jashemski, 1979.


Slide30 l.jpg

Cupids as wine dealers. House of the Vettii. Naples Museum.

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii, Jashemski, 1979.


Slide31 l.jpg

Cupids and psyches as flower dealers. Naples Museum.Drawing of a painting, now longer in existence,which was in the macellum at Pompeii.

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii, Jashemski, 1979.


Slide32 l.jpg

Wild rose on pedicels. Naples Museum.

Source: Singer.


Slide33 l.jpg

Detail of marble sculpture at entrance of the Eumachia. Naples Museum.Acanthus pattern with birds,snail, rabbit, and bee.

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii, Jashemski, 1979.


Slide34 l.jpg

Flora, goddess of flowers Naples Museum.

Source: The Gardens of Pompeii,Jashemski, 1979.


Slide35 l.jpg

First Use of Weed control Naples Museum.

  • In the last Punic war Carthage was destroyed along with its agriculture

    • Building and walls were razed to the ground; the plough passed over the site, and salt was sown in the furrow made…A solumn curse was pronounced that neither house, nor crops, should ever rise again.

  • B.B. Hallward. The Siege of Carthage. Cambridge Ancient History Vol VIII


Slide36 l.jpg

Pest Control in Classical Greece and Rome Naples Museum.

Religious Practices

Based on concept that operations of husbandry, like war, were in the hands of the gods.

12 Priests of the Field, yearly sacrifice to Lares

Goddesses: Flora, Ceres

Gods: Segesta and Robigus (rust and mildew) Festival of Robigalia)

Folk Magic

Mildew control by laurel

Millet controlled by carrying and burying a toad

Power of virgins and menstral blood


Slide37 l.jpg

Fungal Disease Control (rust and smut) Naples Museum.

(unclear if fungal signs was cause or results of disease)

Frost

Use of various animal, vegetable and mineral products

Juice of house leek

Amurca

Wine and ashes

Smoke

Smearing pruning knives with blood, fat, and oil

Extracts of bitter lupin and wild cucumber


Slide38 l.jpg

Poisons Naples Museum.

Absinthe, asafoetida, aromatic plants, olive oil

Amurca, bitumen, sulfur;,

Use of companion crops

Non-insect pest control

Bait and poisons including burning sandarach (an arsenical), hellebore, hyocyamus, hemlock, and wild cucumber


Slide39 l.jpg

Acco Naples Museum.

Caesaria, Israel