Inequality in American Education. Sociology of Education Overview. Sociology of Education: A division of the field. Functionalist Theory Conflict Theory Interactionist Theory Contemporary Perspectives Postmodern-Critical Theory. Functionalism
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Sociology of Education Overview
Society is held together by shared values and collective agreement
Consensus as the normal state of society/Conflict as abnormal or representing an area where society has broken down
Change is inevitable but evolutionary- a natural progression of society through reform
Meritocracy exists in our current society- if you work hard you can achieve anything. Rewards and success are commensurate with hard work and ability
Inequality and stratification are natural and necessary for the functioning of society
Society is held together by the ability of the dominant group to oppress and impose their desires onto subordinate groups
Conflict is the organizing principle of society
Change is abrupt, often violent and revolutionary because it must overthrow the existing social order
Meritocracy is an ideology used to disguise true power relations. It keeps people believing in the system which is actuality a sorting machine that serves the interest of the powerful
Inequality and stratification are manufactured by the dominant group to serve their own purposesFunctionalism and Conflict Theories of Society
We need an analysis of the field that recognizes how these dichotomies (false) intersect and actually overlap.