Chapter 16 Impacts of IT on Organizations, Individuals & Society Learning Objectives Understand the major impacts of information technology on organizations, individuals, and society.
Impacts of IT on Organizations, Individuals & Society
IT changes the way Managers make decisionsin the following ways;
A decrease in the number and variety of people participating in traditional face-to-face communication.
Fewer organizational levels involved in authorizing actions.
More rapid and accurate identification of problems and opportunities, so better decisions are made.
Organizational intelligence that is more accurate, comprehensive, timely, and available.
Shorter time required to authorize actions and make decisions.Organizational Changes
The use of computer-assisted communication technologies leads to the following organizational changes (Huber,1990);
One of the major debates surrounding IT involves situations in which police are using technology to reduce crime.
Ogburn’s Cultural Lag Thesis:
Hearst (1999) presents three different views on how IT and
society are changing one another:
View #1: Becoming socialized means learning what kinds of behavior are appropriate in a given social situation.
View #2:Newly internetworked IT allows people acting in their own self- interest to indirectly affect the experiences of other people.
View #3 There is a move away from a hierarchical society into a society in which boundaries are more permeable.
Many countries, willingly or unwillingly, knowingly or unknowingly, are being westernized as a result of information about western ways of life and values flowing freely across borders.
Challenge to Free Speech
The problem of Internet pornography is very serious
Some countries take an entirely different line with respect to freedom of speechGlobalization & Free Speech
Also known as an Internet community or an electronic community.
An Internet community may have millions of members and as a result could have significant effects on e-markets.
GeoCities (geocities.com) has grown to many million members in less than two years.Virtual Community
Actions organizations can taketo become “digital-economy ready”;