Chapter 1 Early Aviation (1783-1914) Section A – The Invention of Aviation Section B – Balloons Section C – Dirigibles Section D – Airships Introduction How far back did the dream of flying go?
Section A – The Invention of Aviation
Section B – Balloons
Section C – Dirigibles
Section D – Airships
How far back did the dream of flying go?
Ancient Greek myth tells the story of Daedalus, who constructed wings of wax and feathers. He and his son Icarus used the wings to escape captivity from Crete. Icarus, ignoring warnings from his father flew too close to the sun and melted his wings.
Icarian – (adj.) someone with high-flying or bold ambition.
As far we can tell, manned flight began in France in 1783.
And the rest is history.
Aviation began in the provincial French town of Annonay, where the brothers Joseph and Etienne Montgolfier lived. The year was 1783.
Joseph and Etienne (E.T.) Montgolfier
ET Montgolfier reported the experiments to the Bureau of Commerce Dec. 1782.
The bros. constructed a full-size machine, but their elderly father prohibited the bros. from flying.
Officials were invited to document the event
The flight ended because of warm air leaking out of button-holes, crashed, and caught on fire.
In Paris the bros. sought government funds to reimburse their expenses and to finance further development of aviation.
They also wanted publicity for their ballooning and to help increase orders for their papermaking business.
Charles needed help with creating a tight sealed envelope.
Competition soon followed the bros.
27 August 1783
Charles and his crew released their balloon about 5pm in front of ticket holders.
19 September 1783
The Montgolfier bros. demonstrated their balloon in front Royalty
Competition gets too good…
1 December 1783
What the Montgolfier bros. had begun in 1783 quickly spread. Ballooning became immediately popular throughout Europe and soon spread to America. J.A.C. Charles stopped flying, but the Montgolfier bros. were not through yet.
A large balloon was constructed by Joseph Montgolfier. It was designed to carry six passengers.
France was leading the world in Aviation, including military aviation.
For the non-geography buffs, they were the first to cross the English Channel by air.
The favorite of the professional aeronauts…
In the US, ballooning entered the golden age in the 1830s
Crossing the Atlantic became the next
But we’ll get there…
Can’t fly to the Frogs? Go See Santa.
Any questions thus far?