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Chanukah By, Jessica Glanden & Amanda Shane The History of Chanukah During the second temple period, the Greco-Syrian kings outlawed the Jewish religion. All reading of the scripture, circumcision, Sabbath observance, and a number of other Jewish religious practices were forbade.

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chanukah

Chanukah

By,

Jessica Glanden

&

Amanda Shane

the history of chanukah
The History of Chanukah
  • During the second temple period, the Greco-Syrian kings outlawed the Jewish religion.
  • All reading of the scripture, circumcision, Sabbath observance, and a number of other Jewish religious practices were forbade.
rebellion
Rebellion!
  • This caused the Jewish peoples to rebel in what became known as the Maccabean Revolt, led by Judas Maccabee ( “The Hammer”)
  • The Jewish peoples were victorious in their revolt against the government, and gained control back of their Holy Temple.
victory
Victory!
  • After the Maccabees’ victory, they returned to their temple to begin purification, but found it in ruins.
  • There was only one small vessel of oil left that would last one day.
  • The miracle was that the oil lasted 8 days, enough time to make more oil for the temple.
festival of lights
*Festival of Lights*
  • A year later, the Rabbis designated these 8 days as Yomin Tovin (Holidays) on which praise and thanksgiving were to be said (Chanukah).
  • Today, the Festival of Lights is a part of this celebration, where colorful candles are lit in a menorah with 8 branches.
the menorah
-The Menorah-
  • The Menorahs’ 8 branches marks the 8 days of Chanukah.
  • On the first day of Chanukah a candle is lit on the menorah, and with everyday proceeding a new candle is lit in celebration.
  • Blessing on the Menorah
shamash
~Shamash~
  • Means guardian of the ninth candle
  • As a universally-practiced “beautification” of the mitzvah, the number of lights lit increases by one each night.
  • An extra light called the shamash is also lit each night, and is given a distinct location, either lower or higher then the others.
shamash cont
~Shamash Cont.~
  • The purpose of the extra light is to adhere to the prohibition specified in the Talmud (Tracate Shabbat 21b-23a), against using the Chanukah lights for anything other than publicizing- or meditating on- the Chanukah story
  • The candles are lit on sundown, in keeping with the Shabbat traditions
  • Ner Rishon
chanukah prayer song
Chanukah Prayer Song
  • Baruch atah Adonai

Eloheinu melech ha-olam

asher kid’shanu b’mitzvotav v’tzivanu I’hadlik neir (shei) chanukah

dreidel dreidel dreidel
Dreidel, Dreidel, Dreidel
  • A four sided spinning top associated with Chanukah.
  • Each side is engraved with a different Hebrew letter:

* נ (Nun)

* ג (Gimel)

* ה (Hey)

* ש (Shin)

dreidel cont
Dreidel Cont.
  • These letters are an acronym for the Hebrew words, נס גדול היה שם, Nes Gadol Haya Sham- “A great miracle happened here” (referring to the miracle of the oil that took place in the Beit Hamikdash)
other
Other
  • Chanukah is spelled many different ways, including:
  • * Hanukkah, which means dedication. (most common in the United States)
  • * Chanukah (common alternative in the United States)
  • * Hanukah (less common alternative in the United States)
  • * Chanuka (rare spelling; in Hebrew, dropping the final 'h' would change the gender of the word)
  • * Hanuka (rare spelling; again, the gender would be masculine instead of feminine, in Hebrew)
  • *Channukah
  • * Hanukka (rare spelling)
  • *nike (YIVO standard transliteration from the Yiddish and/or Ashkenazic pronunciation of the Hebrew)
latkes legend
~Latkes Legend~
  • Because the Chanukah story much involves oils, foods fried in oils are traditional.
  • Legend says that during the Jewish peoples’ fight against the Greco-Syrian government 2,000 years ago, women made flat cakes and fried them for the warriors because they could be prepared quickly.
  • Today, these potato pancakes, also known as Latkes, are still prepared and eaten throughout the Chanukah holiday.