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Central Asia: Cooperation in Transport Sector . Nigel C. Rayner, Director, ECTC ADB. The Region. The IFIs. Involved since 1994, AZE, KAZ, KGZ, TAJ, TKM, UZB Lending-ADB, WB, EBRD, IsDB, Kfd, Sfd Non Lending-ADB, WB, EBRD, IsDB, EU, and UNDP ADB-Road, Rail, and Air.

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central asia cooperation in transport sector

Central Asia:Cooperation in Transport Sector

Nigel C. Rayner,

Director, ECTC

ADB

the ifis
The IFIs
  • Involved since 1994,
  • AZE, KAZ, KGZ, TAJ, TKM, UZB
  • Lending-ADB, WB, EBRD, IsDB, Kfd, Sfd
  • Non Lending-ADB, WB, EBRD, IsDB, EU, and UNDP
  • ADB-Road, Rail, and Air
the state of infrastructure
The State of Infrastructure

Road:

  • 66,000 km of roads, 29,000 for regional traffic
  • Lack of maintenance, Obsolete vehicle design, high operating costs
  • Low maintenance budgets, low fuel and road user charges.

Priority: Rehabilitation of the regional road network

  • Rail
  • 22,100 km mainline, 5,000 double track and 4,000 electrified
  • Track condition not good
  • Old rolling stock and lack of spare parts
  • Priority: Rehabilitate the regional rail network
sector issues
Sector Issues
  • Road
  • Lack of regional network
  • Lack of institutional arrangements
  • Lack of unified regulations and policies
  • Lack of regulatory framework
  • Inadequate maintenance and funding system
  • Ineffective processing systems
  • Lack of flourishing private sector
sector issues6
Sector Issues

Rail

  • Lack of regional solidarity
  • Monolithic and monopolistic nature of the organisations
  • Discretionary tariff setting, with significant cross-subsidies, often discouraging use of rail freight by private shippers
  • Obsolete and poor quality of technology
  • Lack of well developed marketing orientation
central asia regional economic cooperation
Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation
  • 1st Senior Official Meeting–Aug 2001
  • 1st Ministerial Conference – Mar 2002
  • Regional Preparatory Meeting – Sept 2003
  • 2nd Ministerial Conference-Nov 2003
output of the second ministerial conference
Output of the Second Ministerial Conference
  • Delegations endorsed the approach and general thrust of the Transport sector note.
  • Endorsed the following Strategic Priorities
  • development of regional transport corridors
  • harmonisation of the regulatory framework
  • improving border controls
  • focussed restructuring and modernisation
  • marketing and tariff setting based on competition
  • improving financing and management
major achievements
Major Achievements
  • Almaty-Astana-ADB/WB/IsDB/Sfd/Adfd
  • Almaty-Bishkek-ADB/EBRD
  • Bishkek-Osh-ADB
  • North-South Corridor-WB/IsDB/Kfd
  • Dushanbe-Kulyab-PRC-ADB/IsDB
  • Aktau-Atyrau-ADB/EBRD
  • Chengledy-Khodhajavlet (rail) –ADB/OPEC
non lending
Non-lending
  • ADB, WB, EBRD, EU, UNDP, IsDB
  • Regional Studies
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Institutional and Restructuring
  • Capacity Building and Training
  • Improving Financing and Management/Marketing
lending pipeline adb
Lending-Pipeline (ADB)
  • 10 loans- $300million (2003-2006)
  • Dushanbe-Kyrgyz for link to Osh-Sarytash-Irkestam-$35M-TAJ,$25M-KGZ
  • Aktau-Atyrau - $55 million
  • Borvoe-Petropavlovsk - $40 million
  • North-South Corridor Project(AZE)-$18 million
  • PRC-MON -$37.5 million
  • UZB –AFG railway link - $20 million
  • Bekhabad-Khanebadam Rly link -$20 million
non lending pipeline adb
Non-Lending pipeline (ADB)
  • 13 TAs - $6 million
  • Kazakhstan transport sector study
  • Uzbekistan transport sector study
  • Regional traffic enhancement study
  • Policy reforms in transport sector
  • Regional road development Phase I
  • Harmonization of Cross border initiatives for transport sector
  • Regional railway development Phase I