1806-1828 Towards an American English. Peter Stephen Duponceau 1760-1844. American (French-born) Linguist, Jurist and Philosopher Lived in Philadelphia Completed a Pioneering study of Native American languages (1838) Coined the Term “Polysynthesis” .
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Towards an American English
Received Masters of Arts in 1799 from Harvard University
Studied Law in Philadelphia
Secretary for U.S. Minister to Portugal and U.S. Minister to Great Britain
Spent Time in England before the War of 1812
“In the first place…there is greater uniformity of the [English] dialect throughout the United States…than is to be found throughout England; yet none of our countrymen…will contend, that we have not in some instances departed from the standard of the language. We have formed some new words; and to some old ones, that are still used in England, we have affixed with new significations: while others, which have long been obsolete in England, are still retained in common use with us.”
An obliging correspondent observes, that “this word is here applied to almost everything;” and then adds…that, “In England it is used only in reference to the human countenance.” It is thus mentioned as an Americanism in the Quarterly Review: “The country thus far had presented few striking features, but was generally what the Americans call handsome.” Review of Lewis and Clarke’s Travels.
1828 – American Dictionary of the English Language
1841 – Revised Edition
1847 – New and Revised Edition
1859 – Revised and Enlarged Edition
1864 – Merriam issued new American Dictionary of the English Language
Worcester had worked as Webster’s assistant and was accused by Webster of having stolen many of the definitions Worcester included in his dictionary; stating that Worcester had "pilfer[ed] the products of the mind, as readily as... the common thief."
Rivalry between their publishers continued long after both men had died; ending with the noteworthy publication of Webster’s International Dictionary in 1890 and 1900.
After the War of 1812, Sequoyah began in earnest to create symbols that would make words.
After twelve years, he finally reduced the complex language into 86 symbols, each representing a unique sound of Cherokee speech.
In 1821, the Cherokee Nation adopted his alphabet, now called a 'syllabary'.
She gained a reputation as a charming hostess, frequently entertaining large gatherings at the White House. In fact, the night she left the White House, the dinner table was set for 40 guests.
The night after Madison had penned the letter to her sister and fled the White House to safety, the British arrived. After consuming the meal that had been prepared for American military and cabinet officers, the British soldiers looted and set fire to the White House.