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The Renaissance Change & Revolution Spring Semester Mrs. Huff Origins of the Renaissance The Renaissance was based on the economic and social changes that took place at the end of the Medieval Era. Many of the origins can be traced to a reaction to the Black Death.

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the renaissance

The Renaissance

Change & Revolution

Spring Semester

Mrs. Huff

origins of the renaissance
Origins of the Renaissance
  • The Renaissance was based on the economic and social changes that took place at the end of the Medieval Era.
  • Many of the origins can be traced to a reaction to the Black Death.
artistic styles of the renaissance
Artistic Styles of the Renaissance
  • Painting
    • Fresco ~ A painting directly painted over a fresh surface (usually plaster). These are very delicate as they are prone to “flaking” off.
  • Sculpture
  • Architecture
  • Metalwork and/or wood cuts

Working on a fresco

sofinisba anguissola
** Sofinisba Anguissola **
  • One of the first women to gain international recognition as a painter.
  • Known for her portraits.
  • Also appeared to have assisted other male artists, even Michelangelo.

Portrait of Phillip II ~ 1573

giovanni boccaccio
Giovanni Boccaccio
  • Known for his key work Decameron.
    • This described the city of Florence during the Black Death.
sandro botticelli
Sandro Botticelli
  • Famous painter of Florence
  • Worked for the Medici Family
  • Only left Florence to assist in the painting of the Sistine Chapel

Adoration of the Magi ~ 1470-75

pieter brueghel the elder
Pieter Brueghel the Elder

The Tower of Babel

  • Greatest of the Flemish painters. (Meaning he was from Flanders.)
  • Paintings focused on peasant life, the countryside and festivals.

Children’s Games

filippo brunelleschi
Filippo Brunelleschi
  • Most famous for the “Duomo” (Dome at the Church of St. Maria del Fiore) in Florence
  • This work formed the basis for Renaissance architecture.
baldassare castiglione
Baldassare Castiglione
  • Most famous for his Book of the Courtier.
  • This emphasized the importance of retaining one’s composure and self-control under all circumstances.
benvenuto cellini
Benvenuto Cellini
  • * Famous Florentine known for his work as a sculptor and goldsmith.
  • * Frequently ran into trouble with the law and labeled a “hooligan.”
  • * Most famous for his “Salt cellar.”
leonardo da vinci
Leonardo da Vinci

Mona Lisa

  • The ultimate “Renaissance Man.”
  • Most famous for his work of the “Mona Lisa.”
  • Also known for his “The Last Supper.”

The Last Supper

donatello
Donatello
  • Created the first free-standing sculpture since the Roman Empire
  • “David” ~ one in bronze, one in marble
  • Got his start as a sculptor working for Ghiberti on the Baptistry doors.
albrecht d rer
Albrecht Dürer
  • A German influenced by the Northern Renaissance
  • Famous for his portraits, woodcuts, altar pieces,copper engravings and using illustrations in books

St. Anne with the Virgin and Child

desiderius erasmus
Desiderius Erasmus
  • Dutch scholar – “Humanist”
  • Intellectual father of the Reformation – very critical of the Catholic Church
  • Key work “Praise of Folly”
florence italy
Florence, Italy
  • Birthplace of the Renaissance
  • Ruled by an oligarchy “ The Medici” – a powerful and wealthy family that ruled for several hundred years
  • Florence is known for its art, architecture, bridges, jewelry and fabulous culture
lorenzo ghiberti
Lorenzo Ghiberti
  • Famous sculptor, painter and goldsmith
  • Won a contest to design the doors of the Baptistry in Florence
  • Many younger sculptors studied under Ghiberti during this project
giotto di bondone giotto
Giotto di Bondone “Giotto”
  • Florentine sculptor, painter and architect
  • Most known for his painting of the Adoration of the Magi
  • Also for his sculpture work on the Bell Tower at the Cathedral in Florence

Adoration of the Magi

Bell Tower in .Florence

johannes gutenberg
Johannes Gutenberg
  • Inventor of the printing press – used movable wooden or metal letters
  • In 1452 the first Gutenberg Bible was published
  • This led to a rebirth of interest in the classics and in learning in general.
hans holbein the younger
Hans Holbein the Younger
  • German painter famous for his portraits.
  • Some of his subjects were Henry VIII (seen to the right) Erasmus and Sir Thomas More.
niccolo machiavelli
Niccolo Machiavelli
  • Famous Renaissance writer
  • Wrote many books discussing political philosophies. His key work was The Prince.
  • In it, he tried to win favor with the Medici by describing their effective system of rule. Unfortunately, they didn’t like it – and when they were kicked out of Florence, the public thought he was too much like them and did not elect him.
masaccio
Masaccio
  • First great painter of the Italian Renaissance
  • Utilized scientific perspective
  • He was labeled a “realist” and used shadow and light to create interesting effects.

The Tribute Money

michelangelo buonarotti
Michelangelo Buonarotti
  • Known for his famous paintings, but his true love was sculpting.
  • His most famous sculptures include: “The” David and The Pieta.
  • Among his most famous paintings is the Sistine Chapel.

“The” David (slightly modified)

slide26

The Pieta

Scenes from the Sistine Chapel

sir thomas more
Sir Thomas More
  • English Renaissance author and Catholic martyr.
  • Popular for his most famous book Utopia.
  • Utopia literally translates to “nowhere” but attempts to describe the perfect place.
francesco petrarch
Francesco Petrarch
  • Father of Humanism
  • Writer of poetry and sonnets that focused on the study of classical education
giovanni pico della mirandola pico
** Giovanni Pico della Mirandola ** ~ “Pico”
  • Italian thinker of the Renaissance
  • Most known for his “Oration on the Dignity of Man” which analyzed human nature
raphael sanzio
Raphael Sanzio
  • Renaissance painter noted for his harmony of color and composition
  • Most famous pieces include “The School of Athens” and “Marriage of the Virgin.”
  • He studied the teachings of both Michelangelo and da Vinci.
william shakespeare
William Shakespeare
  • Epitome of the expert Renaissance writer
  • Uses poetry and drama to convey emotion and personality
  • Style has remained unmatched by any more “modern” writers
  • Examples: Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, Midsummer Night’s Dream, Hamlet, Othello, etc.
the humanists
The Humanists
  • That movement of thinking that influenced the Renaissance by encouraging people to study the classics of Greece and Rome.
  • More common in the Northern part of Europe where the Renaissance was more religious.
the medici family
The Medici Family
  • “Godfathers of the Renaissance”
  • Powerful family of despotic rulers that ruled Florence for several hundred years.
  • Most famous = Cosimo and Lorenzo the Magnificent.
titian
** Titian **
  • Greatest Venetian painter of the Renaissance.
  • Known for his use of rich color.

Assumption of the Virgin Mary

van eyck brothers
Van Eyck Brothers
  • The Van Eyck brothers (Hubert and Jan) were Flemish and some of the best that the Northern Renaissance had to offer.
  • They were known for their religious pieces and the use of extreme detail which create an element of realism.

Altar piece at Ghent

venice italy
Venice, Italy
  • Commercial capital of Italy during the Renaissance.
  • Strategic location which made it very suitable for trade.
slide37

The End!

Thank you for your attention ~

Now, get studying!!