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The Effects of Theme Associated Asynchronous Music and Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance. Megan Crawford, Kara Buckner, Mike Porter, and Amanda Lindsey Culver-Stockton College. Asynchronous Music - coexistent background music.

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The Effects of Theme Associated Asynchronous Music and Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance

Megan Crawford, Kara Buckner, Mike Porter, and Amanda Lindsey

Culver-Stockton College


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Asynchronous Music - coexistent background music. Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance

Theme Associated Music - music associated with a previous experience that produces an image in the mind, from memory.

Definitions


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Hypothesis Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance

Participants will ride the stationary exercise bike a greater distance in a given time period when they are presented with theme associated asynchronous music compared to familiar, upbeat, asynchronous music.


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Literature Review Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance

  • Support our hypothesis

    • Copeland & Franks (1991)

    • Boutcher& Trenske (1990)

    • Uppal & Datta (1990)

    • Gfeller (1988)

    • Lucaccini & Kreit (1972)

  • Contradict our hypothesis

    • Patton (1991)

    • Schwartz, Fernhall & Plowman (1990)

    • Lee ((1989)


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Participants Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance

  • 38 Culver-Stockton College students

    • 19 Athletes; 19 Non-athletes

  • Given extra credit in Psychology courses

  • Tested individually


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Familiar Upbeat Asynchronous Music Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance

Christina Aguilera - “Dirty”

50 Cent - “In ‘da Club”

Taken from the Top 25 Billboard Chart

Familiar Theme Asynchronous Music

Survivor - “Eye of the Tiger”

Rocky III

Kenny Loggins - “Danger Zone”

Top Gun

Music Choice


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Procedure Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance

  • Informed consent

  • Begin riding bike

    • default settings

  • Checked Stats every 4 minutes for 16 minutes

    • RPM, distance ridden, and heart rate

  • Debriefing form


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Results Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance

  • Performed a two-way mixed ANOVA

  • The analysis showed:

  • (1) Main effect of Music, p < .0001

  • (2) Marginal interaction between music type and athlete, p = .142


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Main Effect of Music Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance

  • Total mean distance ridden in miles

    • Theme = 2.745 ( SD = .092)

    • Upbeat = 2.595 (SD = . 073


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Main Effect of Music Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance


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Interaction Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance

  • Athletes mean distance ridden in miles

    • Theme = 2.735 (SD= .084)

    • Upbeat = 2.568 (SD = .067)

    • Significant difference, t(37) = 7.178; p <.0001

  • Non-Athletes mean distance ridden in miles

    • Theme = 2.737 (SD = .101)

    • Upbeat = 2.621 (SD = .071)

    • Significant difference, t(18) = 3.074; p = .007


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Interaction Between Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor PerformanceMusic and Athlete


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Implications for Future Studies Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance

  • Control group with no asynchronous music

  • Survey of preferred type of music before experiment

  • Use upbeat familiar music and sedative slow music

  • Vary levels of volume for music


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Questions? Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance