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The Dreamland Design+Build Methodology Phased Skatepark Deployment. Locals at Milton-Freewater’s Phase I park. Winston Presentation Download. This presentation is available for download from:. Dreamland Introduction. Our genesis: Portland’s “Burnside Skatepark” We employ no “laborers”

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the dreamland design build methodology phased skatepark deployment

The Dreamland Design+Build MethodologyPhased Skatepark Deployment

Locals at Milton-Freewater’s Phase I park

winston presentation download
Winston Presentation Download
  • This presentation is available for download from:
dreamland introduction
Dreamland Introduction
  • Our genesis: Portland’s “Burnside Skatepark”
  • We employ no “laborers”
    • All have been actively skateboarding for over 20 years
    • Passionate about skatepark quality
    • We’re “accountable” to the skateboard community
our portfolio projects large and small
Our Portfolio: Projects Large and Small
  • Newberg: 28,000 square feet
  • > $650,000
  • Donald: 3,500 square feet
  • < $60,000
example phased projects
Example Phased Projects

Hood River, OR

Milton-Freewater, OR

Lincoln City, OR

portfolio newberg oregon
Portfolio: Newberg, Oregon
  • 28,000 square ft.
  • Rated an “11 out of a possible 10” (Thrasher Magazine)
  • Considered “the gold standard” by many professional skateboard athletes

Awesome cement

contours I've ever ridden, by far."

Tony Hawk, ESPN Park Tour

portfolio brookings oregon
Portfolio: Brookings, Oregon
  • Recognition for its ability to fuel athletic progression
    • Lotus International, (Italian architectural magazine)
    • Cutter Consortium journal
    • Landscape Architecture Magazine
  • The “Third Best Skatepark in America” (’s community forum, 2003)
portfolio lincoln city oregon ii
Portfolio: Lincoln City, Oregon (II)
  • 2003 addition to existing skatepark
  • Said to represent a “watershed event” and a “whole new paradigm in skateparks” (Skaters for Public Skateparks)

Lincoln City, Phase I completed 1999

problem nowhere to skate
Problem: Nowhere to Skate
  • Skateboarding is a relatively new recreational activity
  • Participants have created de-facto “skateparks” in their communities
    • Urban areas
    • Commercial districts
  • Recreational activities belong in an appropriate setting, (e.g., a park)
  • Participant activity must be “migrated” from de-facto “skateparks” to new facility

This poster depicts the mind set of some not provided adequate recreational alternatives

solution a successful skatepark
Solution: A Successful Skatepark
  • Dreamland design metaphor: “Flypaper”
    • Flypaper is stinky
      • A successful skatepark must draw skaters by:
        • A.) possessing currently popular attributes (stairs, railings, benches, bowls)
        • B.) hosting prominent athletes (park becomes “coolest place in town”)
    • Flypaper is sticky
      • Skatepark must retain participants long-term by:
        • Remaining an engaging place to skate for 2, 5, 10 years and beyond
shared goals winston dreamland
Shared Goals: Winston & Dreamland
  • Winston Goals
    • Provide engaging facility for the community’s enthusiasts
      • Migrate participants into appropriate setting
      • Create positive recreational alternative for youths
    • Possibly:
      • Create landmark that draws world-class participants
        • Draws local participants into park, plus enables rapid athletic progression
      • Generate additional tourist revenue
        • Most towns with Dreamland parks have experienced notable economic benefit
  • Dreamland goals
    • Create a facility that contributes to our strong brand equity
process overview generalized
Process Overview (generalized)
  • Phase I: Project Initiation
  • Phase II: Design
  • Phase III: Specifications / Master Plan Update
  • Phase IV: Construction
  • Phase V: Launch

Note: Process is often streamlined for smaller, pure design+build projects

phase i project initiation
Phase I: Project Initiation
  • Introduction meeting
    • Key personnel: City + Dreamland
    • Establish protocol
    • Schedule development
      • Enumerate deliverables
      • Milestones / Dates
    • At times a site walk is desirable
phase i project initiation cont
Phase I: Project Initiation (cont)
  • Data collection and base plans
  • Site analysis
    • Land use: past, present, and use relationships
    • Soil samples
    • Natural land slopes / elevations
    • Water access
  • Early CPTED analysis
      • Law enforcement involvement valued
  • Outcome of community citing meetings
phase ii design
Phase II: Design
  • Design preparation: Contextual Inquiry (CI)
    • “We can’t just ask kids what they want”
    • CI Emphasizes actual behavior over stated preferences
      • Users have a difficult time predicting how they will interact with systems with which they have little experience
        • Example: Sony “boom box” focus group
        • Example: 1990 Commuter survey re: information service
    • Open Design Forums become more meaningful when contextually applicable
phase ii design cont
Phase II: Design (cont)
  • Design preparation: Contextual Inquiry (cont)
    • Visit popular locations, take note of site attributes, and document participant interaction
  • Example: de-facto “skateparks” in Little Rock/North Little Rock, AR:
    • TCBY Plaza: ledges and railings
    • Capitol: ledges, benches, railings
    • Kanis skatepark: peanut bowl

Photos of “skateparks” in Little Rock, AR

phase ii design cont17
Phase II: Design (cont)
  • Additional Constraints
    • Additional factors taken into consideration
      • Breadth of regional experience with sports
      • Long term proficiency of the skaters/BMXers
        • “Proficiency vector”
      • CPTED issues or concerns
        • Example: San Jose’s desire to locate a skatepark next to a handball court, blocking police view of the court
        • Potentially negative mixing of the two participant bodies
phase ii design cont18
Phase II: Design (cont)
  • Open Design Forums
  • Begin by seeding with locale-specific observations
  • Empower participants to brainstorm, illustrate
  • Walk away with physical representations of interests and desires

North Little Rock, Arkansas

phase ii design cont19
Phase II: Design (cont)
  • Open Design Forums (cont)
  • Computer renderings used, but clay models are preferred for forums
    • 2D:
      • Difficult to convey true layout and ultimate “feel”
      • Appears to discourage interactivity
    • 3D (i.e., clay models):
      • Stimulates energetic discussion among broader group
      • Can be modified on-the-fly

San Jose, CA, Roosevelt Park

phase ii design cont20
Phase II: Design (cont)
  • The “Concrete Curriculum;” Ensuring long-Term Engagement
  • Designing the “Autotelic Experience”
    • Autotelic derived from two Greek words meaning “self-contained activity,” AKA “the zone”
  • When proficiency exceeds presented challenges, state A2 is achieved, characterized by feelings of boredom.
  • Skateboarding & like sports possess an individualistic goal orientation, so A3 (anxiety) is a self-correcting state
phase ii design cont21
Phase II: Design (cont)
  • Team Design Workshops
    • Two Groups led by those most experienced in domain:
      • Street
      • Transition
    • Groups examine evidence, notes, and creates clay designs
    • Groups switch, then examine rival group’s design
    • Team vote is made, choosing best design
    • Final design is fine-tuned by entire team
  • Final design is “formalized” into specification form
phase iii specs master plan update
Phase III: Specs / Master Plan Update
  • Const. Specifications
    • ¾” crushed rock, 4” thick min. sub-grade, 3/8” rebar, 12” O/C
    • 4,000 psi concrete, 3” or 4” slump
    • “Controlled Joints”
      • Strategically controls cracking with 1” deep saw cuts, at min 10’ interval
    • Sealed while curing with Ever-Crete sealant
  • Detail documented, when necessary
    • Our partner: Beighley Associates
      • 30+ years experience in the area of Landscape Architecture
phase iv construction
Phase IV: Construction
  • Relationship exists between local const. participation and long-term park stewardship

Dreamland and locals build Lincoln City, Rattenberg, and Newberg skateparks

phase v launch
Phase V: Launch
  • Professionals will visit an opening, but this often costs you
    • Tony Hawk requires $20,000-$30,000 just to appear
  • However, if a bold design is in the works, they’ll typically arrive for free

Hailey, Idaho’s opening day, June 2003

end result for your city
End Result For Your City
  • Participants flock to new facility, because:
    • Professional Athletes Frequent Park
    • Media Coverage
      • Magazines
      • Internet
      • Eventually, on skateboarding videos
    • Rapidly becomes the “coolest place in the region”
  • In our experience, this often occurs to parks with a bold design before opening day
case study hailey idaho30
Case Study: Hailey, Idaho
  • Officially opened mid-June 2003
  • To date the following professionals have visited:
  • Tony Hawk
  • Danny Way
  • Julien Stranger
  • John Cardiel
  • Peter Hewitt
  • Patt Duffy
  • Alex Chalmers
  • Aaron Harrison
  • Donny Barley
  • Ryan Wilburn
  • Bam Margera
  • Ryan Sheckler
  • Shaun White
  • And more…
case study hailey idaho31
Case Study: Hailey, Idaho
  • End result: Hailey is the “coolest place in region”
    • Hailey has become the destination of travelers from throughout the US
  • Requires little effort to get local skaters to use park
    • Hailey is featured prominently in the popular Nichols/Charnoski film “Northwest”
    • Since June has hosted two major video crews: Anti-Hero and Transworld Video for inclusion in coming skateboard videos
  • Between challenging terrain and professional influence, local skateboarders will rapidly become exceptional athletes
conclusion questions
Conclusion / Questions?
  • Hailey, Idaho local Isaac rides his new skatepark
  • Contact us if you have questions

Kent Dahlgren

Dreamland Skateparks

(503) 754-9078