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Lecture 38 Tropical Landscape Ornamentals. Climate and plant adaptation determines suitability of ornamentals Trees Many large trees in the tropics Many flowering trees Wide use of palms Use of ferns and cycads Many ornamental bamboo species. Turf Temperate lawn grasses are not adaptable

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Lecture 38Tropical Landscape Ornamentals

Climate and plant adaptation determines suitability of ornamentals

Trees

Many large trees in the tropics

Many flowering trees

Wide use of palms

Use of ferns and cycads

Many ornamental bamboo species


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Turf

Temperate lawn grasses are not adaptable

Many tropical grasses are coarse resemble

crabgrass.

Flowering shrubs and vines

A wide variety of shrubby plants and vines

Many of our indoor plants are landscape plants in the tropics


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Tree Representations, Assyria

Primitive drawing

Date palm

“Symbolic” palm

Source: Gothein 1966.




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Oasis at El Tor, Sinai peninsular.

Source: J. Janick, photo.



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Ancient Egyptian Garden Scenes

Harvesting pomegranates in formal planting interspersed with ornamental columns next to a T-shaped pool.

Source: Hyams, 1971.


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Ancient Egyptian Garden Scenes

Four workers transporting trees.

Tree with earth raised around the roots.

Source: Wright, 1934.

Source: Wilkinson, The Ancient Egyptians.


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Ancient Egyptian Garden Scenes

Randomly-placed trees within a square enclosure surrounding square pool.

Carving from the tomb of Akhnaton (18th dynasty).

Source: Thacker, 1979.


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Garden Plan for a Wealthy Egyptian Estate

Note two types of palms: single trunk = date palm, bifurcated trunk = doum palm.

Source: Berrall, 1966.


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Formal Egyptian garden (Thebes ca. 1450 BCE)

The lotus pool, on which statue of the vizier Rekhmire is being towed by boat, faces a pavilion or summerhouse.

Around the pool grow doum palms, date palms, acacias, and other trees and shrubs.

Singer et al., 1954.


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A late 19th century impression (1883) of a bird’s eye view of a high official’s garden.

Source: J. S. Berrall, The Garden: An Illustrated History.


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Ancient Egyptian Garden Scenes

(Thebes, ca. 1300 BCE)

Garden planted with fig, olive trees and flowering plants containing a pavilion with steps leading down to the water, being irrigated by a row of shadufs.

Source: Singer et al., 1954.


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Plants as Symbols

Papyrus and lotus symbols of upper and lower Egypt

Hunting scene showing lotus and papyrus.

Offering of lotus and papyrus to Isis.


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Present day garden at Neve Firan,

Sinai showing irrigation channels.

Source: J. Janick photo.


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Hanging Gardens of Babylon. A 19th century conception.

Source: Berrall (1966).






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Bambouseraie de Prafrance, Anduze, France

Reconstructed house on stilts

Allée d’entrée











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Chinese Banyan, Ficus retuse