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The Bourbon Reforms . And the Strains of Empire. Late Colonial Mexico. Population and Demographics Premodern vs. modern social structure The importance of race and class The Growth of an “American” Identity Conciencia de s í Culture and Symbols (Religious Syncretism)

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the bourbon reforms

The Bourbon Reforms

And the Strains of Empire

late colonial mexico
Late Colonial Mexico
  • Population and Demographics
    • Premodern vs. modern social structure
    • The importance of race and class
  • The Growth of an “American” Identity
    • Conciencia de sí
    • Culture and Symbols (Religious Syncretism)
  • The Peninsula Views New Spain
  • Criollos View Themselves
the enlightenment and mexico
The Enlightenment and Mexico
  • Growth of Newspapers/Periodical Literature
  • Censorship?
  • Public Discourse
    • The Tertulia
    • Other Spaces
  • The University of Salamanca Reforms, 1771
  • Uses of the Past
    • The “Cosmic Race”
    • An Unwritten Constitution for the New World?
the bourbon reforms7
The Bourbon Reforms
  • Felipe V and the Spanish Bourbons
  • Goals of the Reforms
    • Centralize Spanish Government
    • Restore Finances
    • Reorganize the Military
  • Ramifications for New Spain
    • The Influence of Mercantilism
    • “King of Spain and Emperor of America”
      • The Bourbons’ Conception of the State
restructuring new spain
Restructuring New Spain
  • Fighting American Autonomy
    • How New Spain Became Autonomous
      • Creoles in Office
  • Reducing the Power and Autonomy of Regional Elites
  • Bourbon Absolutism
  • The Visita General of José de Gálvez (1765-1771)
    • Creole Reactions
colonial reform and colonial backlash
Colonial Reform and Colonial Backlash
  • New Taxes and Violent Protest
  • Gálvez Becomes Minister of the Indies, 1776
  • The Intendants and Subdelegados
  • Curbing the Power of the Church
    • Expulsion of the Jesuits, 1767
      • The Effects in New Spain
    • The Erosion of Religious Fueros
  • The Rise of the Military
    • Creole Involvement and Its Importance
bourbon economic commercial policy
Bourbon Economic & Commercial Policy
  • Comercio libre y protegido (free trade and protected trade)
  • Abolition of the Cadíz monopoly, b. 1765
  • Outside the System: Trade with Foreign Powers
  • Economic Effects and an Incomplete Legacy
  • Raising Revenues to the “Proper Level”
    • Massive Tax Increases and Colonial Backlash
    • The Context of European Warfare
  • The Consolidation of 1804
    • Church, Credit, and the Colonial Economy
  • Creole vs. Peninsular