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SPIRITUAL WELLNESS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY SOLDIER DEFINITIONS AND OPERATIONALIZATION CHAPLAIN (LTC) THOMAS C. VAIL, PH.D. AMEDD CENTER & SCHOOL GOALS Discuss current definitions of spiritual wellness Describe the implications of the definitions for daily life

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spiritual wellness

SPIRITUAL WELLNESS

FOR THE

21ST CENTURY SOLDIER

DEFINITIONS AND OPERATIONALIZATION

CHAPLAIN (LTC) THOMAS C. VAIL, PH.D.

AMEDD CENTER & SCHOOL

goals
GOALS
  • Discuss current definitions of spiritual wellness
  • Describe the implications of the definitions for daily life
  • Explain the vitas of “knowing” that can illumine a person’s life path
  • Present a Research Example with implications for Spiritual Care
spiritual or religious
Spiritual or Religious
  • Religion: Institutionalized body of believers accepting common set of beliefs, practices, and rituals.
  • Spiritual: People who have “internalized” beliefs and practices into their lives.

Krippner, S. & Welch, P. (1992). Spiritual Dimensions of Healing, Irvington Publishers: NY, p. 6.

definitions of wellness readiness
Definitions of Wellness/Readiness
  • Spiritual Wellness/Health
      • The maturation of our higher consciousness developed through the integration of three facets:

1. Relationship with oneself and others

2. Strong personal value system

3. Meaningful purpose in one's life.1

1Seaward, B.L., (1991a). The inner kingdom: A creative journal workbook for stress management. Burlington, VT, White. Pines Publications.

Seaward, B. L. (1991b). Spiritual well-being a health education Model, Journal of Health Education, 22 (3), 166-169.

Seaward, B. M. & Seaward B. (1992b), A spiritual well-being program at the United States Postal Service headquarters. Wellness Perspectives, 8, 1-16.

definitions of wellness readiness5
Definitions of Wellness/Readiness
  • Core Spiritual Experiences

--God exists (as he/she defines God)

--Feelings of intimate connection to God

--Perception of God as the foundational element of a person's core self.2

2Dr. Jared Kass, Personal Conversation. 1999.

definitions of wellness readiness6
Definitions of Wellness/Readiness
  • Physical Wellness
      • A level of physical health in which an individual is operating at an optimum level of health which supports normal activities of daily living and long term physical health.
  • Readiness
      • The state of being mentally and physically prepared in all the military skills required to successfully complete a mission.
nature of the soul
Nature of the Soul
  • Creative & Destructive
  • Comical
  • Passionate
  • Multi-dimensional
  • Narrative
  • Fluid
  • Projective
operationalizing spirituality
OPERATIONALIZING SPIRITUALITY
  • QUALITATIVE
      • Hermeneutics: Interpretative
      • Narrative Based
      • Meaning Patterns
  • QUANITATIVE
      • Probability
      • Literal
      • Concrete
task force med falcon 1b
TASK FORCE MED FALCON 1B
  • LOCATION: CAMP BONDSTEEL KOSOVO
  • TASK FORCE COMPRISED OF UNITS FROM EUROPEAN SOLDIERS FROM 30TH MEDICAL BRIGADE
  • DEPLOYED NOV 99-APR 00
  • SURVEY COMPLETED MID JAN 00
  • CO-RESEACHER: LTC JAMES GAMERL, MSC
experiences in kosovo

Home

EVACs

Trauma

Team Work

Experiences in Kosovo
potential uses of survey
Potential Uses of Survey
  • Collective

Unit evaluation

  • Individual

Pastoral Counseling

Personal Self-Development

survey
SURVEY

Domain

1. My life has meaning and purpose. Meaning

2. I am a spiritually minded person. Identity

3. Participating in a faith community is important to me. Faith Community

4. Religion or spirituality is a factor in my life. Relative Importance

5. Prayer, or meditation, or reflection is important to me. Reflection

6. I am a spiritually fit person. Wellness

7. I have hope because of my faith. Hope

8. Spiritually speaking, I am never alone. Divine Connection

9. My spirituality helps me cope with stress. Stress

10. Feeling accepted by my (God) higher power

is important for me. Forgiveness

11. I feel in touch with or connected to people and

the world around me. Connectedness

12. My spiritual well being is up to me. Locus of Control

likert type scale
Likert Type Scale

Strongly Disagree Disagree Mildly Disagree Neutral Mildly Agree Agree Strongly Agree

1 2 3 0 4 5 6

1-6

Neutral is 0

Score total from 0 to 72

demographics
Demographics
  • N=63 or 42% out of 150 TFMF soldiers
  • Religious Profile %

Catholic=16 26

Jewish=1 2

Muslim=1 2

No Religious Preference=16 26

Buddhist=1 2

Protestant=21 33

Lutheran=1 2

Baptist=5 8

sample population descriptive statistics
Sample Population Descriptive Statistics

Standard Deviation 17.88

Mean 51.43

Median 56.5

Mode 65

slide18

90

80

70

60

50

Results

40

30

20

10

0

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

N=63

Scatter Diagram of Sample Population

Trend line

correlation coefficient of questions
Correlation coefficient of Questions

1 and 110.11

1 and 20.49

1 and 30.44

1 and 40.91

1 and 50.99

1 and 60.45

1 and 7 0.86

1 and 8 0.98

1 and 9 0.97

1 and 10 0.89

1 and 12 0.94

q1 my life has purpose and meaning
Q1 My life has purpose and meaning

93%

Bar graphs are in percentages

q19 own morale
Q19 Own Morale

Command Climate Survey

19 Jan 00

N=107

Bar graphs are in percentages

q12 level of stress
Q12 Level of Stress

Command Climate Survey

19 Jan 00

74.5%

N=111

Bar graphs are in percentages

q2 i am a spiritual minded person
Q2 I am a spiritual minded person.

72.66%

Bar graphs are in percentages

slide24

70

60.5

60

50

40

32.25

27.41

30

24.19

20.2

19.4

20

6

6

10

0

0

0

Agree

Neutral

Not at all

Disagree

Mildly Agree

Am a member

Strongly Agree

Active Member

Mildly Disagree

Strongly Disagree

Q3 Participating in a faith community is important to me.

65.66%

To what extent do you participate in religious groups?

National Geographic Survey 1999 N=32,327

Results in red

Bar graphs are in percentages

slide25

Q4 Religion or spirituality is a factor in my life.

83.85%

Bar graphs are in percentages

slide27

Q6 I am a spiritually fit person.

75.79%

Bar graphs are in percentages

slide28

Q7 I have hope because of my faith.

80.63%

Bar graphs are in percentages

slide29

Q8 Spiritually speaking, I am never alone.

79.12%

Bar graphs are in percentages

slide30

Q9 My spirituality helps me cope with stress.

77.14%

Bar graphs are in percentages

slide31

Q10 Feeling accepted by my (God) higher power is important to me.

77.41%

Bar graphs are in percentages

slide32

Q11 I feel in touch with or connected to people and the world around me.

74.18%

I feel close to other people in my community?

National Geographic Survey 1999 N=32,327

Results in red

Bar graphs are in percentages

slide33

Q12 My spiritual well being is up to me.

90.31%

Bar graphs are in percentages

implications for spiritual care
Implications for Spiritual Care
  • Need for team and relationship building
  • Connectivity (training as a unit) prior to arrival
  • Spiritual programming

Include a Spiritual Wellness training course

Multidimensional spiritual programming

future developments
Future Developments
  • Relative Spiritual Wellness Scale based upon standard deviations
  • Need for testing with larger sample populations

Internal Validity

External Validity

  • Need for cross comparative studies (i.e. Command Climate Surveys)
relative spiritual wellness scale
Relative Spiritual Wellness Scale
  • Based on Standard Deviation of 18
  • Example:

54-72 Excellent

36-53 Superior

18-35 Good

0-17 Needs Development

slide37

Needs

Development

Good

Superior

Excellent

Mean=51.43

Median=56.5

0-17

18-35

36-53

54-72

Bell Curve of Relative Spiritual Wellness Scale

Standard Deviation=18

slide38

90

Good

Superior

Excellent

Needs

Development

80

70

60

50

Mean=51.43

40

30

Median=56.5

20

0-17

18-35

36-53

54-72

10

0

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

Bell Curve of Relative Spiritual Wellness Scale

with Scatter Diagram of Sample Population

Standard Deviation=18

references
References

Elkins, D. N., & Shafranske, E. P. (1987). Attitudes toward religion, spirituality, and psychotherapy: A comparison of California and Wyoming psychologists. Paper presented at the meeting of the California Psychological Association, Coronado, CA.

Elkins, D. N., Hedstrom, L. J., Hughes, L. L., Leaf, J. A., & Saunders, C. (1988). Toward a humanistic-phenomenological spirituality: Definition, description, and measurement. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 28 (4), 5-18.

Elkins, D. (1995). Psychotherapy and spirituality: Toward a theory of the soul. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 35, 78.

Fox, M. (1991). Creation Spirituality. San Francisco: Harper Books.

Frankl, V. E. (1955). The doctor and the soul. New York: Knopf. Frankl, V. E. (1963). Man's search for meaning. New York: Washington Square.

Jung, C. G. (1933). Modern man in search of a soul. New York: Harvest Books.

Jung, C. G. (1937). Psychology and religion: West and East. New York: Pantheon.

Jung, C. G. (1958). The undiscovered self. New York: Mentor Books.

Jung, C. G. (1961). Memories, dreams, and reflections. New York: Pantheon.

Jung, C. G. (1964). Man and his symbols. New York: Anchor Press.

Seaward, B. L. (1988). From corporate fitness to corporate wellness. Fitness in Business, 2, 182-186.

Seaward, B. L. (1989). Giving wellness a spiritual workout. Health Progress, 50-52.

Seaward, B.L., (1991a). The inner kingdom: A creative journal workbook for stress management. Burlington, VT, White. Pines Publications.

Seaward, B. L. (1991b). Spiritual well-being a health education Model, Journal of Health Education, 22 (3), 166-169.

Seaward, B.L. (1992a). Best friend: A personal guide to stress management. Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishing. (in publication).

Seaward, B. M. & Seaward B. (1992b), A spiritual well-being program at the United States Postal Service headquarters. Wellness Perspectives, 8, 1-16.