rapid blight in california regional observations n.
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  1. Rapid Blight in California:Regional Observations Frank P. Wong Cooperative Extension Specialist University of California Arizona Rapid Blight Summit Cactus and Pine GCSA Superstition Springs Golf Course January 24, 2007

  2. Rapid Blight

  3. Rapid Blight • First found in 1995 in Santa Ana on annual bluegrass in southern California • found on perennial ryegrass in 1999 from Arizona • found on rough bluegrass in 2000 from South Carolina • Caused by Labyrinthula terrestris • A marine slime mold • Rare case of a marine organism jumping to terrestrial environments

  4. Rapid Blight Spores

  5. Geographic and Temporal Distribution of Rapid Blight in California

  6. Distribution of Rapid Blight in the US

  7. 177 positive diagnoses 170 on Poa annua 2 on Rough Bluegrass 2 on Creeping Bentgrass 3 on Perennial Ryegress 2003-06 Rapid Blight in California

  8. California Rapid Blight • Almost all diagnoses were from annual bluegrass putting greens • Affected rough bluegrass was found in two locations on greens in the Coachella Valley • Affected creeping bentgrass greens only found in two Los Angeles locations • Affected perennial ryegrass from greens surrounds and fairways

  9. Timing of attack on Poa greens 2001 Data PACE-PTRI

  10. 2003 Rapid Blight (n=66)

  11. 2004 Rapid Blight (n=46)

  12. 2005 Rapid Blight (n=26)

  13. 2006 Rapid Blight (n=39)

  14. Summary ’03-’06: Rapid Blight Timing on P. annua

  15. Salt Effects on Rapid Blight Incidence

  16. Soil Salinity for Annual Bluegrass Greens Samples 2004273 RB (-), 84 RB (+)

  17. Soil Salinity and Rapid Blight • Negative samples • mean: 1.69 dS/m • median: 1.61 dS/m • range: 1.07 to 6.2 dS/m • Positive samples • mean: 3.13 dS/m • median: 2.96 dS/m • range: 1.07 to 9.1 dS/m • Most often seen above 2.2 dS/m

  18. TDS-meter Monitoring

  19. Salinity measurements for Annual Bluegrass are best made in the root zone, no more than 1-inch deep High Low

  20. Anecdotal Observations for Rapid Blight Management on Annual Bluegrass

  21. Rapid Blight • Appears worst on older annual bluegrass greens with push up construction • Lack of water infiltration through soil profile • Courses with poor quality water more commonly affected • Salty well water worse than effluent • Effluent worse than potable

  22. Rapid Blight • Appears more frequently under warm temperatures vs very hot • Pathogen appears to grow between 70 and 90F • Increased irrigation under hot weather • Increased transpiration by annual bluegrass in moderate temperatures

  23. Rapid Blight • Fungicide applications appear to arrest epidemics, but they return if the salt is not leached out • 7 – 10 days of activity (or less) without leaching • Management solely by fungicide applications not recommended • Resistance to QoIs (Insignia, Compass)? • Likely if fungicides are repeatedly used • Tank mix with mancozeb • Don’t use them as the only management option

  24. Questions???? Contact Info frank.wong@ucr.edu plantpathology.ucr.edu