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Quality Assurance & Quality Control In Pharma Industry. Dr. Basavaraj K. Nanjwade M.Pharm., Ph. D Associate Professor of Pharmaceutics Department of Pharmaceutics KLE University, Belgaum – 590010, Karnataka, INDIA E-mail: bknanjwade@yahoo.co.in Cell No: 00919742431000. QA. GMP. QC. QA.

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quality assurance quality control in pharma industry

Quality Assurance& Quality Control In Pharma Industry

Dr. Basavaraj K. NanjwadeM.Pharm., Ph. D

Associate Professor of Pharmaceutics

Department of Pharmaceutics

KLE University, Belgaum – 590010, Karnataka, INDIA

E-mail: bknanjwade@yahoo.co.in

Cell No: 00919742431000

slide2

QA

GMP

QC

slide3

QA

It is the sum total of the organized arrangements with the objective of ensuring that products will be of the quality required for their intended use

slide4
Is that part of Quality Assurance aimed at ensuring that products are consistently manufactured to a quality appropriate to their intended use

GMP

slide5

QC

Is that part of GMP concerned with sampling, specification & testing, documentation & release procedures which ensure that the necessary & relevant tests are performed & the product is released for use only after ascertaining it’s quality

qa and qc
QC is that part of GMP which is concerned with sampling,

specifications, testing and with in the organization, documentation,and release procedures which ensure that the necessary and relevant tests are carried out

QA and QC
  • QA is the sum total of organized arrangements made with the object of ensuring that product will be of the Quality required by their intended use.
qa and qc7
Operational laboratory techniques and activities used to fulfill the requirement of QualityQA and QC
  • All those planned or systematic actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that a product will satisfy the requirements for quality
qa and qc8
QC is lab basedQA and QC
  • QA is company based
establishing acceptance criterion for a specified impurity in a new drug substance
ESTABLISHING ACCEPTANCE CRITERION FOR A SPECIFIED IMPURITY IN A NEW DRUG SUBSTANCE

Determine impurity level in relevant batches1

Isimpurity alsoa degradationproduct?

YES

Estimate maximum increase in impurityat retest date using data from relevantaccelerated and long-term stability studies

Determine mean + upper confidence limit for the impurity (Let this = A)

NO

IsA or B greater than thequalifiedlevel?

Acceptance criterion = A or B(as appropriate)

Determine maximum likely level as:A + increase in degradation product atappropriate storage conditions.(Let this = B)

NO

YES

1Relevant batches are those from development, pilot and scale-up studies.

2 Refer to ICH Guideline on Impurities in New Drug SubstancesDefinition: upper confidence limit = three times the standard deviation of batch analysis data

Acceptance criterion = qualified levelor establish new qualified level2

establishing acceptance criterion for a degradation product in a new drug product
ESTABLISHING ACCEPTANCE CRITERION FOR A DEGRADATION PRODUCT IN A NEW DRUG PRODUCT

Doesdegradationoccur during productmanufacture?

Estimate maximum increase in degradation product at shelf life usingdata from relevant accelerated andlong-term stability studies. (Let this = D)

NO

YES

Determine maximum likely level as drug substance acceptance criterion2.((A or B)+ C + D)

Estimate maximum increase in degradationproduct during manufacture from relevantbatches1. (Let this = C)

Ismaximum likely level greaterthan thequalifiedlevel?

NO

Acceptance criterion = maximum likely level.

YES

Acceptance criterion = qualified levelor establish new qualified level3or new storage conditions

or reduce shelf life.

1 Relevant batches are those from development, pilot and scale-up studies.2 Refer to Decision Tree 1 for information regarding A and B.3 Refer to ICH Guideline on Impurities in New Drug Products.

slide11

SETTING ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR DRUG SUBSTANCE PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTION

No drug substance particlesize acceptance criterion required for solution dosage forms.

Is the drug product a soliddosage form or liquid containing undissolveddrug substance?

NO

YES

1. Is the particle size critical to dissolution, solubility, or bioavailability?2. Is the particle size critical to drug product processability?3. Is the particle size critical to drug product stability?4. Is the particle size critical to drug product

content uniformity?

5. Is particle size critical for maintaining

product appearance?

If NO to all

If YES to any

No Acceptance Criterion Required

Set Acceptance Criterion

slide12
INVESTIGATING THE NEED TO SET ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR POLYMORPHISMIN DRUG SUBSTANCES AND DRUG PRODUCTS

Drug Substance

Candifferent polymorphsbe formed?

NO

Conduct polymorphismscreen on drug substance.

1.

No further action

YES

Characterize the forms:e.g., - X-ray Powder Diffraction - DSC / Thermoanalysis - Microscopy - Spectroscopy

2.

GO TO

slide13
INVESTIGATING THE NEED TO SET ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR POLYMORPHISMIN DRUG SUBSTANCES AND DRUG PRODUCTS

2.

Do theforms havedifferent properties?(solubility, stability,melting point)

NO

No further test oracceptance criterionfor drug substance

YES

Is drugproduct safety,performance or efficacy affected?

NO

YES

Set acceptance criterionfor polymorph contentin drug substance

3.

GO TO

slide14
INVESTIGATING THE NEED TO SET ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR POLYMORPHISMIN DRUG SUBSTANCES AND DRUG PRODUCTS

Drug Product - Solid Dosage Form or Liquid Containing Undissolved Drug Substance

Undertake the following processes only if technically possibleto measure polymorph content in the drug product.

3.

Doesdrug productperformance testingprovide adequate control if polymorph ratio changes(e.g., dissolution)?

Establish acceptance criteriafor the relevant performance test(s).

YES

NO

Monitor polymorph form duringstability of drug product.

Does achange occurwhich could affect safety or efficacy?

NO

No need to set acceptance criteriafor polymorph change in drug product.

YES

Establish acceptance criteriawhich are consistent with safety and/or efficacy.

slide15

ESTABLISHING IDENTITY, ASSAY AND ENANTIOMERIC IMPURITY PROCEDURES FOR CHIRAL NEW DRUG SUBSTANCES AND NEW DRUG PRODUCTS CONTAINING CHIRAL DRUG SUBSTANCES

Consider the need forverifying chiral identity indrug substance releaseand/or acceptance testing.

Chiral identity, assay and impurity procedures are not needed.

YES

Is the newdrug substancechiral1?

NO

AND RACEMIC

YESAND ONE ENANTIOMER

Needed for drug substance specification:2 -chiral identity3 -chiral assay4 -enantiomeric impurity5Needed for drug product specification6: -chiral assay4 -enantiomeric impurity5

1 Chiral substances of natural origin are not addressed in this Guideline.

2 As with other impurities arising in and from raw materials used in drug substance synthesis, control of chiral quality could be established alternatively by applying limits to appropriate starting materials or intermediates when justified from developmental studies. This essentially will be the case when there are multiple chiral centers (e.g., three or more), or when control at a step prior to production of the final drug substance is desirable.

3 A chiral assay or an enantiomeric impurity procedure may be acceptable in lieu of a chiral identity procedure.

4 An achiral assay combined with a method for controlling the opposite enantiomer is acceptable in lieu of a chiral assay.

5 The level of the opposite enantiomer of the drug substance may be derived from chiral assay data or from a separate procedure.

6 Stereospecific testing of drug product may not be necessary if racemization has been demonstrated to be insignificant during drug product manufacture and during storage of the finished dosage form.

microbiological quality attributes of drugs substance and excipients
MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY ATTRIBUTES OF DRUGS SUBSTANCE AND EXCIPIENTS

NO

Is the drug substances/excipient

Capable of supporting microbial

Growth or viability

Provide supporting data. Microbial

Limits acceptance criteria and testing

May not be necessary

YES

YES

Is the drug substances/excipient

Sterile?

No further microbial limits testing or

Acceptance criteria are necessary

NO

Establish microbial limit acceptance criteria

As per the harmonized pharmacopeial

monograph

Does drug substances/excipient

Synthesis/processing involve

Steps which inherently

Reduce microorganisms?

YES

NO

Establish microbial limit acceptance

Criteria

As per the harmonized pharmacopoeial

monograph

Does scientific evidence demonstrate that

Reducation steps result in microorganism levels

<acceptance criteria limits (and the absence of

Compendial indicator organisms)

In the drug substance/excipient?

Are monitoring

Microorganism/indicator levels

Consistently below acceptance criteria

Levels?

YES

NO

YES

NO

Provide supporting data.

Microbial limits acceptace

Criteria and testing

May not be necessary

Test lots on a skip-lot basis for

Microbial limits and freedom from

Compendial indicator organisms.

Test each lot for microbial limits

and freedom from compendial

indicator organisms.

slide17

SETTING ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR DRUG PRODUCT DISSOLUTION

1.

What type of drug release acceptance criteria are appropriate?

Is the dosageform designed to producemodified release?

Establish drug release acceptance criteria.Extended release: multiple time pointsDelayed release: two stages, parallel or sequential

YES

NO

Is drug solubilityat 37 ± 0.5°C high throughoutthe physiological pH range?(Dose/ solubility < 250 mL(pH 1.2 - 6.8))

NO

YES

Is dosage formdissolution rapid?(Dissolution > 80% in 15 minutesat pH 1.2, 4.0, and 6.8)

NO

Generally single-point dissolutionacceptance criteria with a lower limit

are acceptable.

YES

NO

Has a relationship beendetermined between disintegrationand dissolution?

Generally disintegration acceptance criteria with an upper time

limit are acceptable.

YES

Continued on next page.

slide18

SETTING ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR DRUG PRODUCT DISSOLUTION

What specific test conditions and acceptance criteria are appropriate? [immediate release]

2.

Doesdissolution significantlyaffect bioavailability?(e.g., have relevant developmentalbatches exhibited unacceptablebioavailability?)

Attempt to develop test conditions and acceptance

criteria which can distinguish batches

with unacceptable bioavailability.

YES

NO

Do changes informulation ormanufacturing variables affect dissolution?(Use appropriate ranges.Evaluate dissolutionwithin pH 1.2 - 6.8)

YES

Are these changes controlledby another procedure and acceptancecriterion?

YES

NO

NO

Adopt appropriate test conditionsand acceptance criteria without

regard to discriminating power, to

pass clinically acceptable batches.

Adopt test conditions and acceptance criteriawhich can distinguish these changes. Generally, single point acceptance criteria are acceptable.

slide19

SETTING ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR DRUG PRODUCT DISSOLUTION

3.

What are appropriate acceptance ranges? [extended release]

Are bioavailabilitydata available for batcheswith different drug release rates?

NO

Is drug release independent ofin vitro test conditions?

YES

YES

NO

Can an in vitro / in vivorelationship be established?(Modify in vitro test conditionsif appropriate.)

Use all available stability, clinical, andbioavailability data to establish appropriate acceptance ranges.

NO

YES

Use the in vitro / in vivocorrelation, along withappropriate batch data, to establish acceptance ranges.

Are acceptanceranges >20% of thelabeled content?

Provide appropriatebioavailability datato validate theacceptance ranges.

YES

NO

Finalize acceptance ranges.

slide20

MICROBIOLOGICAL ATTRIBUTES OF NON-STERILE DRUGS PRODUCTS

YES

No

Does the drug product contain

Antimicrobial preservatives or possess

Inherent antimicrobial

activity

Establish preservative chemical acceptance criteria and

Perform preservative effectiveness validation of product

Containing less than or equal to the minimum specifie

Preservative concentration, or demonstrate the inherent

Antimicrobial activity of the drug product.

Is the drug product a dry dosage form

(e.g. solid oral or dry powder)?

No

YES

Establish microbial limit acceptance criteria

As per the harmonized pharmacopoeia

Monograph.

No

Does scientific evidence demonstrate

Growth inhibitory properties of the

Drug product?

Perform microbial limits testing on a

Lot-by-lot basis.

YES

No

Microbial limits acceptance criteria and testing

May not be necessary

Do production lots consistently meet

Microbial limits acceptance criteria?

YES

Perform skip-lot testing for microbial

Limits, or provide scientific justification for

no routine microbial limits testing.

ich harmonised tripartite guideline
ICH Harmonised Tripartite Guideline
  • Stability Testing of New Drug Substances and Products
  • Stability Testing: Photostability Testing of New Drug Substances and Products
  • Stability Testing for New Dosage Forms
  • Bracketing and Matrixing Designs for Stability Testing of New Drug Substances and Products
  • Evaluation for Stability Data
  • Stability Data Package for Registration Applications in Climatic Zones III and IV
  • Validation of Analytical Procedures: Text and Methodology
  • Impurities In New Drug Substances
ich harmonised tripartite guideline22
ICH Harmonised Tripartite Guideline
  • Impurities in New Drug Products
  • Impurities: Guideline forResidual Solvents
  • Evaluation and Recommendation of Pharmacopoeial Texts for Use in the ICH Regions on Microbiological Examination of Non-Sterile Products: Microbial Enumerations Tests
  • Evaluation and Recommendation of Pharmacopoeial Texts for Use in the ICH Regions on Microbiological Examination of Non-Sterile Products: Test for Specified Micro-Organisms
ich harmonised tripartite guideline23
ICH Harmonised Tripartite Guideline
  • Evaluation and Recommendation of Pharmacopoeial Texts for Use in the ICH Regions on Microbiological Examination of Non-Sterile Products: Acceptance Criteria for Pharmaceutical Preparations and Substances for Pharmaceutical Use
  • Evaluation and Recommendation of Pharmacopoeial Texts for Use in the ICH Regions on Residue on Ignition/Sulphated Ash
  • Evaluation and Recommendation of Pharmacopoeial Texts for Use in the ICH Regions on Test for Extractable Volume of Parenteral Preparations
ich harmonised tripartite guideline24
ICH Harmonised Tripartite Guideline
  • Evaluation and Recommendation of Pharmacopoeial Texts for Use in the ICH Regions on Test for Particulate Contamination: Sub-Visible Particles
  • Evaluation and Recommendation of Pharmacopoeial Texts for Use in the ICH Regions on Disintegration
  • Evaluation and Recommendation of Pharmacopoeial Texts for Use in the ICH Regions on Uniformity of Dosage Units
  • Evaluation and Recommendation of Pharmacopoeial Texts for Use in the ICH Region on Dissolution Test
ich harmonised tripartite guideline25
ICH Harmonised Tripartite Guideline
  • Evaluation and Recommendation of Pharmacopoeial Texts for Use in the ICH Regions on Sterility Test
  • Evaluation and Recommendation of Pharmacopoeial Texts for Use in the ICH Regions onTablet Friability
  • Evaluation and Recommendation of Pharmacopoeial Texts for Use in the ICH Regions on Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis
  • Viral Safety Evaluation of Biotechnology Products Derived from Cell Lines of Human or Animal Origin
ich harmonised tripartite guideline26
ICH Harmonised Tripartite Guideline
  • Quality of Biotechnological Products: Analysis of the Expression Construct in Cells used for Production of r-DNA Derived Protein Products
  • Quality of Biotechnological Products: Stability Testing of Biotechnological/Biological Products
  • Derivation and Characterisation of Cell Substrates Used for Production of Biotechnological/Biological Products
  • Comparability of Biotechnological/Biological Products Subject to Changes in their Manufacturing Process
  • Specifications: Test Procedures and Acceptance Criteria for New Drug Substances and New Drug Products: Chemical Substances
ich harmonised tripartite guideline27
ICH Harmonised Tripartite Guideline
  • Specifications: Test Procedures and Acceptance Criteria for Biotechnological/Biological Products
  • Good Manufacturing Practice Guide for Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients
  • Pharmaceutical Development
  • Quality Risk Management
  • Pharmaceutical Quality System
  • Quality Implementation Working Group
how to write standard operating procedure
How to write Standard Operating Procedure
  • SOP describes standard SOP format that you can use immediately for your quality procedure.
  • SOP has instructions on how to write a formal operating procedure for your systems which your people can follow everyday.
all documents classifications definition and approval matrix
All Documents-Classifications, Definition and Approval Matrix
  • In this SOP you will find all type of quality and Technical/Master file documents to build up a good quality management system for your manufacturing sites, definition of documents, their classification, approval requirements and retention requirements.
  • This procedure has schematic diagrams for your understanding of how different types of documents are prepared and stored in a typical documentation.
quality documentation management and change control
Quality Documentation Management and Change Control
  • This SOP describes how to generate new quality documents or change control of existing documents, review of quality documents, satellite file management, role of document author, approver, document control officer and satellite file administrator.
  • In this SOP you will also find numbering systems of different quality documents like audit files, SOP’s, forms, manuals, training files, QA agreements, project files etc and their effective archiving system.
documentation rule for gmp documents
Documentation Rule for GMP Documents
  • This SOP describes the principles to be followed in GMP documents, entry of data and information, signature requirements and correction technique of incorrectly entered data or information.
quality documentation control tracking and distribution
Quality Documentation-Control, Tracking and Distribution
  • In this SOP you will find mainly the role of document control officer during the initiation, creation, circulation and approval of new quality related documents.
  • It also describes the procedure of modification and review of existing document using a documentation database.
  • Management of existing and superseded documents is also a art of this procedure.
  • You will see all the forms referred during the instruction are attached at the end of the procedure.
preparation maintenance and change control of master documents
Preparation, Maintenance and Change Control of Master Documents
  • This SOP particularly focused on the management of master file documents like specifications, control methods, raw materials, finished goods and packaging specification and test reports, formulation, stability files etc required to generate during the product registration in the market.
  • This SOP gives instruction on their creation, change control, numbering system, approval requirements and maintenance in a simple master file database.
  • You will see all the forms referred during the instruction are attached at the end of the procedure.
deviation report system
Deviation Report System
  • It is a regulatory requirement to capture all sorts of deviations evolves in your systems in order to maintain the continuous improvement to your processes and systems.
  • This SOP describes how to categorize the deviations between production, audit, quality improvements, technical deviations, customer complaints and environmental, health and safety deviations.
  • It describes the management responsibilities of initiating deviation, capture data, analysis, investigation, determination of assignable causes, generation of management report and initiatives to be taken on corrective and preventative actions.
shelf life of product
Shelf Life of Product
  • This simple SOP describes the meaning of shelf life and provides on how to interpret shelf lives and storage conditions for your raw materials from the Certificate of Analysis, determining expiry date for your finished products by use of raw material date of manufacturing and their shelf lives.
vendor selection and evaluation
Vendor Selection and Evaluation
  • This SOP describes the procedure to be followed during the vendor assessment and vendor evaluation for purchasing of raw materials, critical and non critical packaging components, laboratory supplies, engineering supplies and imported finished goods from the vendor.
  • These instructions are essential for approving prospective vendor.
vendor certification
Vendor Certification
  • This procedure aim to describe the process by which a vendor may be certified to supply materials or services.
  • This procedure applies to vendors that supply a material or service to be used at any stage of manufacture by operations.
  • Here you will get the roles of each department in the process to certify an approved vendor.
product complaint procedure
Product Complaint Procedure
  • This procedure covers the receipt, logging, evaluation, investigation and reporting system of all complaints received from customers for the marketed products.
  • This SOP contains step by step instruction to be followed in the customer complaint management like numbering of complaint, registration, evaluation of complaints, determination of assignable cause for the complaint deviation, implementation of corrective and preventive actions, trending of complaints and handling of counterfeit products.
annual product review
Annual Product Review
  • This procedure provides a guideline to annual product review which is required to be performed for each product produced for the commercial market to evaluate data, trends and to identify any preventative or corrective action that would lead to product quality improvements and report them to management.
rework procedure
Rework Procedure
  • This SOP contains the step by step instruction to be followed when the rework of an in-process or completed finished good is required.
  • This SOP covers the reworks of in-process manufactured goods where new batch number is introduced for the reworked part and rework of manufactured finished good keeping the same batch number.
  • This SOP also describes how to create rework protocols for each individual case.
authorized person
Authorized Person
  • This simple procedure describes the accreditation, accountabilities and responsibilities of an Authorized person, responsible for release of finished goods for sale.
product identification and traceability
Product Identification and Traceability
  • The purpose of this SOP is to define the method used for the identification of all contributing materials that could affect product quality and to ensure their full traceability.
  • Here you will find instruction on all the records and documents used for the identification and traceability of incoming raw materials and out going finished goods.
audits
Audits
  • This SOP describes the process of planning, performing, reporting and follow-up of different audits for your systems like Internal Quality audit, Vendor audit, Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) audit, EHS workplace inspection, Housekeeping audit.
  • This SOP also describes the process to be followed by manufacturing personnel during an audit from a Regulatory authority.
example checklist for batch documentation
Example-Checklist for Batch Documentation
  • This SOP describes the identification of all documentation relevant to a production process in the form of “Batch Documentation Checklists” and to ensure their collection by completion of the checklists by Authorized Persons.
  • This procedure is based on an example of tablet packaging process described in the ‘Manufacturing’ category.
evaluation of batch documentation and release for sale
Evaluation of Batch Documentation and Release for Sale
  • This procedure describes the process of collection, evaluation and record of batch related document generated during the production of a batch before an authorized person can release the batch for sale.
  • This procedure is based on an example of tablet packaging process described in the ‘Manufacturing’ category.
gmp training
GMP Training
  • This SOP describes how to design and deliver GMP related training for your manufacturing staffs, training assessment design, recording of assessment and preparation of training reports.
how to write training materials
How to Write Training Materials
  • This simple SOP contains instructions on how to write training materials, identification of training requirements, available resources, preparation of training aid checklists for your manufacturing staffs.
house keeping audit procedure
House Keeping Audit Procedure
  • This SOP describes the requirements, checklists and reporting procedure on housekeeping audits.
  • Individual checklist forms are attached at end of the procedure for different areas like process, laboratory, engineering stores, warehouses.
  • This procedure also describes the handling of non-compliance found during the housekeeping audits.
management and control of contract work
Management and Control of Contract Work
  • The procedure describes the management and control of contract work provided by the contractors for packaging and finished products for your company as well as control of contract works done by your company on behalf of others.
criteria for sourcing of rm critical packaging components and imported finishing goods
Criteria for Sourcing of RM, Critical Packaging Components and Imported Finishing Goods
  • The purpose of this SOP is to describe the process for approval of an external vendor/manufacturer supplying products to your company.
  • It covers raw materials (including bulk products for subsidiaries and contract manufacturers), critical packaging components in contact with product and imported finished goods.
  • The SOP also references affiliated documentation detailing the scope of active materials used and the approved manufacturers of these materials.
quality concern investigation process
Quality Concern Investigation Process
  • This procedure contains instruction to be followed when conducting Investigations and to raise and assess Deviation Report when an investigation or incident Investigation occurs.
  • This procedure is to be used in conjunction with SOP, which covers the approval and follow-up activities associated with a Deviation Report.
  • Here you will find collection of information for an incident or a deviation, steps to be followed for a cross functional investigation, reporting and implementing of the outcomes of investigation.
retest dating of raw materials
Retest Dating of Raw Materials
  • The purpose of this procedure is to describe how to run the expired stock report; to describe how to define the requirements for the retesting and assignment of storage period for active ingredients, excipients and raw materials; to instruct retesting procedure and to determine the status of a finished goods batch with a shorter shelf life.
calibration policies for laboratory instruments
Calibration Policies for Laboratory Instruments
  • This SOP describes the calibration polices of laboratory instruments/equipments.
  • It describes labeling and security requirements of laboratory instruments/equipments.
  • This SOP also describes the investigational steps to be required in the case of failed calibration
archiving laboratory documentation
Archiving Laboratory Documentation
  • This procedure describes retention and disposal procedures of laboratory documentation, general laboratory documentation system that includes handling of rejected raw material and finished product reports, finished goods certificate of analysis, finished goods register, raw material certificate of analysis, register, trend cards, procedure for long term document retention.
management of reference substances
Management of Reference Substances
  • This SOP describes the ordering referencing, storing, coding, use and general register maintenance of primary and impurity reference substances, primary reagent reference solutions, secondary raw material reference substance, assay testing procedure of secondary raw material reference substance, use of secondary raw material reference substance in the laboratory routine analysis, determination of expiry date and re-test date of reference substances.
laboratory workbook
Laboratory Workbook
  • This SOP describes types of laboratory workbooks, general and GMP requirements of using workbooks, analytical data entry in the workbook, formatting of laboratory workbooks for routine testing, experiments and trials, workbook retention policy, instruction on data entry for incomplete experiments and additional data.
creation of certificate of analysis
Creation of Certificate of Analysis
  • The purpose of this procedure is to define the content and format of a Certificate of Analysis (C/A) and Certificate of Manufacture (C/M) and to provide guidance for issuing a Certificate of Analysis or Certificate of Manufacture and to locate the appropriate data required for this task.
managing analytical reagents
Managing Analytical Reagents
  • This procedure identifies the need for all analytical reagents and solutions prepared from the reagents, to have an assigned expiry date and storage conditions recorded on the label.
  • Here you will find the procedure for purchase and management of analytical reagents and laboratory prepared reagents.
laboratory waste management
Laboratory Waste Management
  • This simple procedure describes how to dispose off laboratory generated wastes of toxic, explosive, flammable, corrosive, oxidizing and biologically damaging natures.
retention samples laboratory
Retention Samples-Laboratory
  • The purpose of this SOP is to describe the finished good and raw material sample retention procedures, products manufacture and/or received onsite and/or chemically tested by the laboratory.
laboratory supplier approval
Laboratory Supplier Approval
  • In this simple SOP you will find the procedure for approving laboratory suppliers and criteria for the purchase of equipment, instrumentation, consumables, durables and glassware for the laboratory.
laboratory results out of specification investigation
Laboratory Results-Out of Specification Investigation
  • This procedure describes the actions to be taken by an analyst in the event the result of a test does not conform to raw material/components or finished products specifications for physical and chemical tests.
  • An out of specification (OOS) result does not necessarily mean the batch under investigation fails and shall be rejected.
  • The OOS result shall be investigated and the findings of the investigation, including re-test results shall be interpreted to evaluate the batch and reach a decision regarding release or rejection.
raw materials laboratory testing and documentation
Raw Materials-Laboratory Testing and Documentation
  • This SOP describes the procedure for sampling, location, pre-testing, testing and documentation of all raw materials and components subject to test, out of specification results, microbiological tests and release procedure for passed raw materials and components.
finished goods laboratory testing and documentation
Finished Goods-Laboratory Testing and Documentation
  • This SOP describes the procedure for sampling, location, pre-testing, testing and documentation of all finished products subject to test, reagents and standards to be used for analysis, management of out of specification results, microbiological tests and release procedure for passed finished goods.
preparation and maintenance of stability protocols pharmaceuticals
Preparation and Maintenance of Stability Protocols (Pharmaceuticals)
  • This procedure describes the preparation and management of stability protocols for marketed products.
  • This procedure is applicable to all protocols for stability studies on commercial products.
  • The responsibility of the commercial Site stability manager for creating and maintaining protocols that are required for studies that came as a result of validation or process deviation.
stability and trial testing procedure pharmaceuticals
Stability and Trial Testing Procedure (Pharmaceuticals)
  • To describes the steps necessary to ensure the effective control of stability and trial testing programs of new and existing products.
  • This procedure is focused on setting up of stability programs, testing, reporting, general sampling procedure for stability programs, data generation and analysis, annual maintenance of stability, new product stability procedure, procedure for in-house trials, reporting and interpretation of trials and conclusion of the trail program.
references
REFERENCES
  • www.ich.org
  • www.fda.gov
slide70
THANK YOU

E-mail: bknanjwade@yahoo.co.in Cell No: 00919742431000