ITS Deployment: Global Thinking and Local Action. Patrick Conroy California PATH PATH Annual Meeting October 24-25, 2002. Project Team/Schedule. Joint PATH / INRETS Research (MOU) Patrick Conroy (PATH) Jean-Luc Ygnace (INRETS) Acknowledge Respondents Centered at INRETS, Lyon
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ITS Deployment: Global Thinking and Local Action Patrick Conroy California PATH PATH Annual Meeting October 24-25, 2002
Project Team/Schedule • Joint PATH / INRETS Research (MOU) • Patrick Conroy (PATH)Jean-Luc Ygnace (INRETS) • Acknowledge Respondents • Centered at INRETS, Lyon • April 1 - July 31, 2002(Completed On Time)
Project Goals • Identify Factors for Success:- Institutional (between organizations)- Organizational (within organizations) • Summarize Current European/U.S. Policies and Programs
ITS vs Traditional Solutions • Technology Insertion, Interoperability and Maintenance • System Approaches for Planning, Operations and Service Connectivity • Private Sector Products/Services Linked to Public Infrastructure/Services
Project Description PATH Working Paper No. UCB-ITS-PWP-2002-8 (TO 4145) Institutional/Organizational Aspects Addressed: • Planning and Funding Processes • Decision Support Tools • Deployment Agency Characteristics • Public Partnership Arrangements • Private Sector Products/Services FOR MORE INFO...
Methodology • Literature/Web Search (Europe) • Reviewed ITS-A 10-year Plan and National Dialogue on Operations • Developed Questionnaires (2 sets) • Interviewed France DOT Officials • Conducted 4 Case Studies • Top-down/Bottom-up Analysis
European Policies • EU Transport Policy for 2010 w/ITS annex • e-Europe 2002 Action Plan- IT-competitive Europe- R&D to Accelerate ITS Deployment- Remove Barriers to Private Mobility Services • e-Safety Initiative Soon (coop vehicle- highway systems)
European Programs • ITS Deployment- Trans-European Transport Network- National ITS Programs w/ EU Funding - ITS City Pioneers (mainstreaming)- Galileo Civil-use Satellite • Trans-European Road Network- 6 Multinational Collaborations- Monitoring, pre/in-trip info, coop cross- border traffic/incident mgmt, TMC networking, ETC, etc.
European Research Programs • Broad Themes: “Integrated Europe” and “Quality of Life in IT Society” • Well Funded: 17.5 Billion Euros (next 5 yrs) • Process Promotes Practitioner Involvement • Substantial ITS Elements • First Order Priority: Reliable/Consistent Data on Transport Demand, Vehicle Flows and Refinement of Forecasting Tools
National Example: France • 2001 Master Plan Objectives- Optimum Use of Existing Infrastructure- Promote Enviro-friendly Modes (Info & Pricing)- Safety • State Priority Actions- Lead/Coordinate Multimodal ATIS- Interface State Traffic Mgmt w/ Local & Transit- Integrate Highway/Transit Fare Payment - Software for Decision Support- Data Collection/Dissemination
U.S. Policies/Programs • ITS America 10-year Plan: Culture of Transport Management/Operations • USDOT Dialogue on Operations: Proceedings, 2001 Summit (Maryland) • Federal ITS R&D: IVI and Clubby
Case Studies:ITS User Services • Traffic Management: Ile de France/Paris • Traffic Safety: Truck Digital Tach (EU) • Transit: Marseilles • Integrated ITS: Los Angeles
Case Studies:Interesting Aspects • Paris/Ile de France:Traffic- Multidepartment w/in France DOT (SIER)- Operational Agreements (SIER/Paris)- Link Travel Times on CMS • Marseilles: Transit- Recognized ITS Value by Capital Group- Interaction bwt Fleet and Transit Ops Centers- Integrated Fare Pay’t & Non-transport Uses- Urban Community (MPO type)- Private Providers w/ Incentives to Expand
Case Studies:Interesting Aspects • Los Angeles IMAJINE: Integrated ITS- Regional/National ITS Architecture- Link to “Early Deployment” Planning- Expanded Countywide w/RIITS Initiative- Model for Demo to Deployment?- Formal Evaluation to Address Synergies • EU Digital Tachograph:Safety- Regulatory, Mandated Approach- EU Research/Private Development
Findings: Policy/Program Review • EU and U.S. Roles/Environments Similar- Policy Direction w/Funding Incentives- European National = U.S. State DOTs - Regional/Local Issues & Influences • Consistent Theme of Quality Data Needs • ITS Recognized as Integrated Framework and Toolbox (U.S. lead on architecture)
Findings: Policy/Program Review • Europe Transit: Seamless Door - Door Services w/ “Livable Cities” Theme • U.S. Focus on Mainstreaming System Mgmt and Organizational Shortcomings • European R&D Model Better for Research to ITS Deployment
Findings: Case Study Reviews • Planning and Funding Processes- Success In Spite of Planning/Funding Process- Resource Gaps for Tech Support and O&M • Decision Support Tools- No Customized Tools for ITS/System Mgmt ID’d- Current Methods Undervalue ITS/System Mgmt- Lessons from Others Utilized • Deployment Agency Characteristics- Success in Spite of Organizational Structures- IT Expertise Gap: Use of Contractors
Findings: Case Study Reviews • Partnership Arrangements- Success from Special Regional Partnerships- Issue of Equitable Funding Shares • Private Sector Products/Services- Some ATIS, but Gov’t Competition- Innovation for Private Transit Services- Digital Tachograph: Industry Refinement of Gov’t R&D
Findings: Policy vs Local Reality • Contrasts- ITS Vision vs Local Political “Hot Buttons” - No Local Rules for Public/Private Partnerships • Synergies- Architectures and Standards Helped- EU R&D Fed All European Cases Studied- State-of-the-Practice Info Helped
Resources / Contacts List of European ITS-related Activities, Websites and Contacts in Report
Current Status • TRB Presentation? • Follow-up Project (TO 4157):- Complete LA IMAJINE (Caltrans/City Inputs)- Add U.S. Case: San Antonio Transguide- European Road Network: Virtual Interstate?- French Private Toll Roads: Value of ATIS