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How To Use This Lesson
  • Go-Givers’ PowerPoints are designed to inform and support critical thinking and discussion. They can be used in their entirety. However, please feel free to save this lesson to your computer and edit, omit or add content as appropriate for your pupils.
  • Please remember:
  • Always show the PowerPoint in ‘slide show’ view. Links and animations will only work when in this mode.
  • The green dot in the bottom right hand corner of the slide indicates when the slide animation is compete.
  • The Learning Activities are intended for use in conjunction with the PowerPoints and are linked at the end.
In this lesson we will be exploring the work of the emergency services and how to cope with minor medical emergencies.
A volunteer is a person who chooses to do something.

A volunteer does not expect payment for what he or she does.


The volunteer crews of the 233 RNLI lifeboat

stations in Britain save an average of 21 people a day!

Often putting their

own lives at risk!

You might think that you will never need rescuing ……

but how well do you know the rules of the beach?

Can you spot the dangers ……

before they get out of hand?

Are you a good swimmer?

Don't overestimate your swimming ability or overdo it. If you do become tired, however, backstroke or float. If you get cramp, massage the affected area and change strokes often.

Avoid cold water! Swimming in cool water for long periods may increase the risk of hypothermia. This is a lowering of body temperature to a point where body heat is lost faster than it's made.
Now … supposing you have been rescued from an accident on the beach or at sea … you might need urgent treatment at

a hospital.

The faster you can get there, the greater your chances of survival!

In some parts of the country charities have been set up to provide an air ambulance service for the benefit of the community.

County Air Ambulance Shropshire/West Midlands

Helicopters can fly direct, avoiding traffic jams, at a speed of over 150 mph to wherever help is needed.

Picture by London Air Ambulance.

In response to 999 calls, the Kent Air Ambulance is able to take a medical crew to the scene of an accident or medical emergency, and transport patients to the nearest suitable hospital in a fraction of the time taken by a land ambulance.
The service costs just over £4,000 a day. It is always on call, 7 days a week, flying up to a thousand missions a year.
The charity needs to raise around £1.5 million every year to maintain the service.

Click here to find out more about Kent Air Ambulance

Some Air Ambulances carry doctors. If not, at least one member of the crew will be a trained paramedic.

Paramedics have to be highly skilled and able to treat and stabilise patients before moving them and flying to the hospital without unnecessary delay.

They need to be able to make decisions quickly, and to maintain a sense of calm to reassure the patients and those accompanying them. 

Paramedics often carry out tests to find out the extent of the patients’ injuries and undertake basic medical procedures during the flight.



Monitoring system




spinal board

Stiff neck collars

Burns kit

Maternity kit


Thermal blanket

Inside the cabin of the Thames Valley and Chiltern Air Ambulance

The very first person on the scene of an accident is unlikely to be a paramedic or a doctor.

One day it may be you who has the opportunity to save a life, or to help someone make a quick recovery!

Go-Givers, would you know what to do in an emergency?

How much do you know

about First Aid?

How many points can you

score on this quiz?

Click for Electronic version

1 nose bleed
1. Nose Bleed

If the casualty has a nose bleed do you ask

him/her to:

  • lean forward
  • Sit up straight
  • Put their head back
Nose Bleeds

Sit the patient down with the head well forward and loosen any tight

clothing around the neck and chest.

Tell the patient to pinch the sides of their nose together and breathe

through their mouth for between 10 - 20 minutes.

Tell the patient to spit any fluid out rather than swallow, as this may

disturb the clot and cause the casualty to feel sick.

Advise the patient not to touch or blow their nose for several hours

after bleeding has stopped. This will prevent disturbance of the clot

which might cause further bleeding.

If the bleeding does not stop, seek medical help.

If bleeding from the nose is a result of a blow to the head, it could be

a symptom of a fracture of the skull. The patient will need urgent

attention from a doctor.

2 bee stings
2. Bee Stings

If the patient has been stung by a bee

should you:

  • Try to remove it
  • Leave it in the skin
Bee Stings

If there is a sting left in the skin, remove it with a pair

of tweezers. Hold the tweezers as close to the skin as

possible and pull the sting out. Avoid squeezing the sack

at the top of the sting as this will force more poison into

the casualty.

Apply a cold compress (a packet of frozen would do fine)

to the site of the sting to reduce the pain and swelling.

If a bite is more serious, then bleeding will have to be

controlled by putting pressure on it.

Some people are particularly sensitive to bee stings, and

may suffer a severe allergic reaction. If this is the case

professional medical help should be sought immediately.

3 cuts and grazes
3. Cuts and Grazes

After cleaning a wound should you dress it


  • Cotton wool
  • A sterile dressing
  • Nothing – leave it open
Cuts and Grazes

Rinse the wound under cold running water until it is


In the case of grazes, where there may be dirt and

germs present, further clean the wound by using wet

cotton wool. Always clean away from the centre of the

wound outwards.

Dry the area around the wound and place a clean

dressing over it. Never dress a wound with cotton wool

or anything fluffy.

4 burns and scalds
4. Burns and Scalds

The area of skin which has been burnt or

scalded should be treated by:

  • Rubbing antiseptic cream into it
  • Running it under cold water
  • Covering it with butter
Burns and Scalds

Cool the burnt area immediately by holding the injured

part under cold running water for at least 10 minutes to

reduce the pain and to limit the extent of the burn. This

will remove the heat from the injury and can help

prevent scarring. If this is not possible, plunge the

injured part in a bowl of cold water.

Quickly, but carefully, remove any rings, watches, and

tight clothing from the injured area before any swelling


Protect the injury by placing a sterile dressing over it,

large enough to cover the area completely without the

dressing sticking to the injury.

If there are any blisters, do not attempt to burst them.

5 accidents on the road
5. Accidents on the road:

If an accident occurs on a road should you:

  • Phone the AA
  • Stop the traffic
  • Move the patient off the road immediately
Accidents on the Road

When administering First Aid you need to assess the

situation very quickly. Give yourself time to stop, look and

listen, so that you can take in the circumstances.

Before moving a patient it is important to ensure there is

no injury to the spine. Stop the traffic rather than moving

them and risking a permanent injury.

You will not have time to await a response from an agency

like the AA at this point in time!

6 accidents in the home
6. Accidents in the Home

If an accident occurs involving electricity

would you:

  • Move the patient away from the cable
  • Switch off the electricity
  • Do nothing until the paramedic arrives
Accidents involving electricity

Switch off the electricity immediately. The current may

still be passing through the patient’s body.

Do not touch the patient. You may get an electric shock

as well!

7 reassuring the patient
7. Reassuring the Patient

When tending to the person who is injured,

should you:

  • Keep silent
  • Talk in a quiet, friendly manner
  • Speak loudly so that everyone around can hear.
Reassuring the Patient

Talking to the patient is the first step in reassuring

someone who is injured, and possibly anxious and confused.

Talk in a quiet but confident way. Reassure them that

help is on its way. Comfort them with a gentle pat on the


Check their hand to see if they are warm enough.

If everybody keeps calm it will make it easier to

administer First Aid.

  • volunteer – an unpaid helper
  • hypothermia – a state where the body’s temperature has fallen dangerously low
  • survival – the ability to stay alive
  • paramedic – a nurse especially trained to cope in medical emergencies
  • emergency – a crisis, an urgent situation
  • antiseptic – clean, sterile
Activities to complete this lesson include:

Rate this lesson here.

  • key questions to accompany video
  • group activity to prepare a presentation for younger children on safety issues

Click on the image above to view and/or download learning activities.

You Can't Buy Anything with a Penny!

Case studies of children who have initiated successful fundraising campaigns. How to start your own fundraising initiative.

Prevention is Better than Cure

How tragedies can be avoided if preventative measures are taken. Safety in the home, school etc. Why humans need to take risks.

If you enjoyed this lesson, why not try:

useful web links
Useful Web Links
  • - A fun, educational site for children created by the RNLI with safety tips, games and information on beach and water safety
  • - resources, fact files and information for adults and teachers from the RNLI
  • - North Sea Volunteer Lifeguards site – includes safety tip and information on free training
  • - tips for kids on safe swimming
  • - the Kent Air Ambulance website, there are air ambulances throughout the U.K, all with their own website and individual contacts