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Conjunctions. SC English 01 Oct., 2007. First, a preposition review…. Prepositions connect _________ with _________. The object of the preposition is always a _______ or _________. A preposition _______ be part of a prepositional phrase.

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conjunctions

Conjunctions

SC English

01 Oct., 2007

first a preposition review
First, a preposition review…
  • Prepositions connect _________ with _________.
  • The object of the preposition is always a _______ or _________.
  • A preposition _______ be part of a prepositional phrase.
  • A prepositional phrase starts with _____ and ends with _________.
slide3
????
  • Prepositions connect their object with some other word in the sentence.
  • The object of the preposition is always a noun or pronoun.
  • A preposition must be part of a prepositional phrase.
  • A prepositional phrase starts with the preposition and ends with the object of the preposition
practice find the preposition and object s of the preposition
Practice: Find the preposition and object(s) of the preposition
  • The rocket flew off into space.
  • We looked in the window.
  • Troy played hard at the football game.
  • Mr. Swartos was excited about his upcoming bear hunt.
preposition or adverb
Preposition or Adverb?
  • You can tell if a word is a preposition by looking for what the word _____.
  • Prepositions will be part of a _______ ________ and have an _______.
  • Adverbs will modify a _____ and have no _______.
slide6
?????
  • You can tell if a word is a preposition by looking for what the word modifies.
  • Prepositions will be part of a prepositional phrase and have an object.
  • Adverbs will modify a verb, adjective, or another adverb and have no object.
practice tell me if the words below are prepositions or adverbs
Practice- tell me if the words below are prepositions or adverbs
  • Umpires stand along the baselines.
  • We waited for the hot dog vendor to come along.
  • The umpire ran past quickly.
  • The ball flew past third base.
slide8
????
  • Umpires stand along the baselines.
    • Preposition
  • We waited for the hot dog vendor to come along.
    • Adverb
  • The umpire ran past quickly.
    • Adverb
  • The ball flew past third base.
    • Preposition
conjunctions9
Conjunctions
  • Conjunctions connect words or groups of words.
    • Prepositions connect words, too. How do you think conjunctions are different than prepositions?
conjunctions10
Conjunctions
  • Unlike prepositions, conjunctions don’t have objects. Rather, they serve as a way to show a relationship between two words.
  • Example:
    • Are you going to Mt. Rushmore or Custer State Park?
conjunctions11
Conjunctions
  • There are three types of conjunctions:
    • Coordinating conjunctions
    • Correlative conjunctions
    • Subordinating conjunctions
coordinating conjunctions
Coordinating conjunctions
  • Connect words of the same kind, such as nouns, pronouns, verbs, prepositional phrases, or sentences.
    • Nouns: My cousin and his wife left yesterday for Montana.
    • Verbs: They printed out directions but forgot to bring them.
    • Prep. Phr.: Put the luggage on the doorstep or in the garage.
    • Sentences: Our family wanted to go to Sturgis but we decided to go to Fargo instead.
coordinating conjunctions13
Coordinating conjunctions
  • P. 382 in your text
    • And
    • But
    • For
    • Nor
    • Or
    • So
    • Yet
practice
Practice
  • Find the coordinating conjunction in the following sentences and tell what is being connected.
    • Bob and Bill are brothers.
    • We went to the game, but we didn’t win.
correlative conjunctions
Correlative Conjunctions
  • Similar to coordinating conjunctions in that they connect the same type of words, but work in pairs.
    • List p. 383 in text.
    • both…and
    • either/neither….or
    • not only…..but also
    • whether.....or
correlative conjunctions16
Correlative Conjunctions
  • Examples:
    • We have seen both the Missouri River and the Big Sioux river.
    • Either you or I will be the leader on the trail.
    • The sick rhinoceros would neither eat nor drink.
practice17
Practice
  • Find the correlative conjunctions in the sentences below and tell me what is being connected:
    • Either you go or I will.
    • Not only my mother but also my sister played rugby.
subordinating conjunctions
Subordinating Conjunctions
  • Connect things which are not equal. One is less important (subordinate) than the other.
  • List of common subordinating conjunctions on p. 384
  • Subordinating conjunctions are in sentences that contain a dependent idea and a main idea. The dependent idea is connected to the main idea by the subordinating conjunction
  • Subordinating conjunctions always come before the dependent idea in a sentence.
one more thing
One more thing…
  • The main idea can come at the beginning or end of a sentence.
  • When the dependent idea comes first, it must be separated from the main idea with a comma.
example
Example:
  • Becauseit rained all day, our basement filled up with water.
  • I did the planning afterhe made reservations.
practice21
Practice
  • Find the subordinating conjunction in each sentence, then find the dependent and main ideas.
    • Since you didn’t play, we lost the game.
    • Troy studied hard so that he could get good grades.
slide22
Since you didn’t play, we lost the game.
    • Sub: Since
    • Dep: you didn’t play
    • Main: we lost the game
    • (note the comma)
  • Troy studied hard so that he could get good grades.
    • Sub: so that
    • Dep: he could get good grades
    • Main: Troy studied hard
    • (note the lack of a comma)
assignment
Assignment:
  • Type out a list of each type of conjunction using your textbook that will fit on a 3 x 5 index card.
  • Attach the lists to note cards
  • Exercises 1-3 on pp. 383-385 in your text.