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Antoni Gaudí. Early Years. Rheumatoid arthritis contributed to a solitary nature Early love of nature Attended the Collegi de les Escoles Píes de Reus Architecture student at the Escola Tècnica Superior d'Arquitectura . Interests.

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early years
Early Years
  • Rheumatoid arthritis contributed to a solitary nature
  • Early love of nature
  • Attended the Collegi de les Escoles Píes de Reus
  • Architecture student at the Escola Tècnica Superior d'Arquitectura
interests
Interests
  • Fascination of nature. He studied nature's angles and curves and incorporated them into his designs.
  • Most of his designs resemble elements from the environment.
  • Long walks, besides suppressing his rheumatism, allowed him to experience nature.
later years
Later Years
  • Gaudí was an ardent Catholic and a fervent Catalan nationalist.
  • In his later years, he abandoned secular work and devoted his life to Catholicism.
  • In the early twentieth century, Gaudí's closest family and friends began to die; his works slowed to a halt; and his attitude changed. The construction of La Sagrada Família slowed; the construction of La Colonia Güell ceased altogether.
  • He became reluctant to talk with reporters and solely concentrated on his masterpiece, La Sagrada Familia.
  • In 1926, Antoni Gaudí was run over by a tram.
  • He was buried in the midst of his unfinished masterpiece, La Sagrada Família.
la sagrada familia church of the holy family
Barcelona

Date:1882 to 1926

Church

Masonry

Urban

Expressionist

La Sagrada Familia“Church of the Holy Family”
artistic style
Artistic Style
  • Gaudí's first works were designed in the style of gothic and traditional Catalan architectural modes, but he soon developed his own distinct sculptural style.
  • Eugene Viollet-le-Duc proved a major influence on Gaudí.
  • He integrated the parabolic arch, nature's organic shapes, and the fluidity of water into his architecture.
  • He observed the forces of gravity and related catenary principles.
  • Using the Catalan trencadis technique, Gaudí often decorated surfaces with broken tiles.
  • Art Nouveau architecture, a precursor to modern architecture.
park guell
Barcelona

Date: 1900 to 1914  

Park, sculpture garden

Earth, plantings, and masonry

Urban

Style: Expressionist

Park Guell
popularity
Popularity
  • First ridiculed by his peers.
  • Supported by rich industrialist Eusebi Guell.
  • His fellow citizens referred to the Casa Milà as La Pedrera ("the quarry")
  • George Orwell, who stayed at Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War, hated his work.
  • As time passed, his work became more famous
social and political influences
Social and Political Influences
  • Showcased Catalonia’s diverse art techniques.
  • Promoted the Catalan nationalist movement by incorporating elements of Catalan culture in his designs
influence
Influence
  • Rumored that Gaudí's abandoned plans for a NY skyscraper influenced the redesign of the World Trade Center after Sept. 11, 2001
  • In 1992, five artists founded La Asociación por Beatificación de Antonio Gaudí. The secular association has since pushed for the Catholic Church to declare Gaudi blessed.
  • Gaudí's life and work inspired The Alan Parson’s Project to create the 1987 album Gaudi.