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Alcoholism Myths Definitions & Models Effects of Alcohol Use Social Characteristics Theories of Alcoholism Treatment Approaches Myths Most alcoholics are skid-row bums Mixing drinks makes you drunk faster Black coffee or cold showers can sober you up

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alcoholism
Alcoholism
  • Myths
  • Definitions & Models
  • Effects of Alcohol Use
  • Social Characteristics
  • Theories of Alcoholism
  • Treatment Approaches
myths
Myths
  • Most alcoholics are skid-row bums
  • Mixing drinks makes you drunk faster
  • Black coffee or cold showers can sober you up
  • Beer drinkers are less likely to become alcoholics
  • Sex is better after a few drinks
what is alcoholism
What is alcoholism?
  • World Health Organization (1952)
  • “Alcoholics are those excessive drinkers whose dependence upon alcohol has attained such a degree that it shows an interference with their bodily and mental health, their interpersonal relations and their smooth social & economic functioning.”
dr don goodwin 1991
Dr. Don Goodwin (1991)
  • Alcoholism involves a compulsion to drink, causing damage to self & others.
national institute on alcohol abuse alcoholism 1991
1. I have often taken a drink when I get up in the morning.

2. I deliberately tried to cut down or quit drinking but couldn’t.

3. Once I started drinking it was difficult to stop before becoming intoxicated.

4. I have had a quick drink when no one was looking.

5. I skipped meals when drinking.

6. I’ve woken up not remembering things I did while drinking.

7.I lost a job or nearly lost one because of drinking

8. My drinking contributed to getting hurt in an accident.

9. A physician suggested I cut down on drinking

10. I have missed work/school because of a hangover.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse & Alcoholism (1991)
stages of alcoholism
Stages of Alcoholism
  • Introductory Stage
  • Early, Forewarning Stage
  • Middle Crucial Stage
  • Final Chronic Stage
conditions of alcoholism
Conditions of Alcoholism
  • Consumption of large quantities over an extended period.
  • Psychological dependence
  • Physical addiction
  • Alcohol-related problems
effects of alcohol
Effects of alcohol
  • Short-term (individual)
  • Long-Term (individual)
  • Social Effects
  • Crime & Alcohol
social profile
Social Profile
  • Gender & Age
  • Race & Ethnicity
  • Religious Affiliation
  • Socio-economic status
  • Region
theories of alcoholism
Theories of Alcoholism
  • Genetic Theories:
  • “A” gene
  • Blushing response
  • The Alcoholic Personality
  • Sociological Theories – degree of fit
controlling alcohol use abuse
Controlling alcohol use & abuse
  • Legal measures
  • Prohibition
  • Age limits
  • Therapeutic approaches
  • AA
  • Rational recovery
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