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This presentation provides an overview of Airmanship in aviation. It is intended to enhance the reader's understanding, but it shall not supersede the applicable regulations or airline's operational documentation. Should there be any discrepancy between this presentation and an airline’s AFM /(M)MEL/FCOM/QRH/FCTM, the latter shall prevail at all times.
This visual guide defines airmanship and illustrates its importance to safe flight operations. Its objective is to reinforce the importance of airmanship as the basis of safe flight operations. The material may be used for self-study or as part of a formal training presentation. The speaker’s notes provide additional information.
Airmanship is the consistent use of good judgment and
well-developed skills to accomplish flight objectives.
Poor airmanship is a causal factor in almost all of the 70 percent of accidents that are attributed to human factors
Poor airmanship is responsible for operational weaknesses and inefficiencies that lead to increased safety risk, poor performance and wasted money
The “Building” of Airmanship
The exercise of discipline requires:
Skills are abilities that are learned, usually through training, to
achieve a desired outcome. Two basic classifications of skills are:
“The most skillful pilot had the most experience."
Proficiency refers to competence in a specific area. Generally speaking,
research has shown that it takes practice four hours a day for 10 years for a person to become an “expert” in a particular domain. With this in mind, it is essential that pilots do the following to become proficient at flying:
It is important to note that if a pilot transitions to a new aircraft, he/she may
have to learn new skills or relearn old skills in the context of the new
Pilots must possess comprehensive knowledge about the aircraft, nature
of the flight, possible abnormal and emergency conditions, their own
qualities and the qualities of their team members. Pilots must have a
confident understanding of:
Situational awareness is knowing where you are, what is going on, where
you are going and what is likely to come next. It develops when you have a
mental picture based on accurate data. Situational awareness is a closed-loop process in which a pilot continuously seeks more or better information to gain and maintain it.
Judgment is the process that leads to a decision. Judgment is supported
by all the other elements of airmanship. Similar to judgment,
aeronautical decision making (ADM) is a systematic approach to the mental
processes used by pilots to consistently determine the best course of action in response to a given set of circumstances.
• Discover and establish the relevance of all available information relating to problems of flight
• Diagnose problems
• Specify alternative courses of action
• Assess the risk associated with each alternative
• Choose and execute a suitable course of action within the available time frame. (Jensen, 1995)
Judgment always involves a problem or choice, an unknownelement and usually a time constraint and stress.
Good airmanship based on sound judgment involves the
following order of priorities:
and -— last but not least —
Airmanship can be developed through training
and refined through practice and experience.
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