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Managing through Partnerships Lynne Zeitlin Hale Director, Marine Initiative September, 2003. THE NATURE CONSERVANCY. lands. “To preserve the plants, animals and natural communities that represent the diversity of life on earth by protecting the lands and waters they need to survive.”.

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Managing through Partnerships

    • Lynne Zeitlin Hale
    • Director, Marine Initiative
    • September, 2003



“To preserve the plants, animals and natural communities that represent the diversity of life on earth by protecting the lands and waters they need to survive.”


A growing marine commitment








  • 2003:100+ sites in
  • all coastal states
  • 25 coastal countries

Marine Conservation

How we work

  • State and Country programs
  • On the ground/ in the water
  • conservation
  • Coastal /marine focus varies
  • Global Marine Initiative
  • 1 of 5 Organizational Priorities
  • Strategic leadership
  • Innovation
  • Increased impact
  • on policy
  • on conservation

Marine Conservation

Focus areas

  • Seas to Summit Conservation
    • Critical ecosytem conservation
    • Focus on land/sea/ocean interactions
    • MPAs nested within larger “conversation”
    • Multi-site conservation strategies
  • Expansion of the conservation “toolkit”
  • Conservation in context of global change
    • Coral reef conservation that lasts
    • Resilience of other systems (e.g. marshes)
  • US International Leadership
    • Implementation of WSSD Oceans and Coasts agenda

Seas to Summit

Ecoregional assessments…a building block

  • Identify conservation targets-- ecosystems & spp.
  • Collect the available information on targets
  • Set conservation goals
  • Develop “strawman” set of priority sites using
    • a reserve selection program
  • Evaluate these mathematical results in workshops
    • and interviews with scientists & managers
  • Finalize the portfolio of sites into an
    • ecoregional plan
marine ecoregional planning in the northwest division

Zach A. Ferdaña, The Nature Conservancy

Curtis D. Tanner, U.S. Fish &Wildlife Service

Michael W. Beck, Ph.D., The Nature Conservancy

Paul Dye, The Nature Conservancy


Lead Participants in

Ecoregional Assessment

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Washington Department of Natural Resources

Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

Oregon Natural Heritage Program

Conservation Data Center of British Columbia

Bureau of Land Management

People for Puget Sound

University of Washington

BC Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management

Nature Conservancy of Canada

The Nature Conservancy of Washington

The Nature Conservancy of Oregon


Seas to Summit Conservation

W-P-F Ecoregional assessment outcomes

  • New Relationships
  • traditional relationship with Washington DNR & DFW grew
  • competitive relationship with People for Puget Sound turned into a solid partnershipon nearshore restoration
  • scale and scope brought new relationships concerning salmon conservation
  • New Approaches
  • Integrated land/coastal/marine conservation sites
  • Built partnerships for implementation
  • Goal implementation through multiple mechanisms
  • TNC portfolio site selection
  • State fish and wildlife habitat priority plans
  • State designation of marine reserves and aquatic reserves
  • Status reports and recovery plans for species of concern
  • Leasing and management of state submerged lands

Seas to Summit Conservation

Ecoregional Assessments

Basis for new partnerships

Common information base (what is important / where it is)

Process for development of shared goals (or implications of different goals)

One building block for ocean planning/zoning

Help clarify additional data needs

Marine Ecoregional

Assessments completed / underway


Conservation toolkit

Innovation in Implementation

  • Estuary/watershed/ Nursery focus
  • Demonstration sites
  • Methodology development
  • Innovative Tools
  • Leasing/ownership
  • of submerged lands
  • Restoration

Photo caption, ©photographer



  • Conservation of submerged lands not currently on the agenda
  • Private entities (including TNC) have opportunities to lease/own submerged land
  • Can be teamed effectively with restoration but broader look at use crucial
  • Ownership / lease hold increases “stake” in whole ecosystem

Photo caption, ©photographer

bay bottom ownership blue points in great south bay
Bay Bottom OwnershipBlue Points in Great South Bay
  • Restoration of Great South Bay: Preservation and restoration activities could have ecosystem-wide benefits
  • Develop a multi-use plan for preservation, restoration and use
  • Co-management
bluepoints bottomlands council

SUNY Stony Brook

Town of Brookhaven

Town of Islip

Cornell Coop. Ext.

Suffolk County

NY Sea Grant






Bluepoints Co.

Environmental Defense

Bluepoints Bottomlands Council


bluepoints projects
Historical data collection, GIS mapping & Analysis

Eelgrass mapping (DOS)

Benthic mapping (DEC)

Research & Monitoring of restoration, protection and use activities

Eelgrass restoration andpreservation

Hard clam and scallop restoration & spawner sanctuaries

Small-scale, enviro-friendly aquaculture

Public harvest of wild resources

Bluepoints Projects

Applied Research

Restoration, protection & use

Potential to become a MARINE ZONING MODEL for estuaries

throughout the United States




  • Necessary to achieve conservation targets
  • New vision beyond “bucks and acres” to restored ecosystem function
  • A proactive, partnership approach that yields tangible results

NOAA photo library


TNC/NOAA Community-Based Restoration Program: Year 1 in blue -- Year 2 in red -- Year 3 Proposals in green


Seas to Summit Conservation

Anticipated supportive OPC recommendations

  • Better coordination among federal, state, and local agencies to take advantage of their various authorities and capabilities.
  • New models for federal action that empower state and local agencies to take the lead.
  • Expanded roles and responsibilities for non-governmental organizations and private business interests
  • Coastal/Marine planning and implementation at a regional scale to address multiple issues simultaneously.
  • A shift away from single species management toward integrated, ecosystem-based management of marine resources.

Potential Early Implementation Actions

  • Support for marine and coastal habitat restoration at seascape scale
  • Revitalize, coordinate, provide adequate funding for existing ocean and coastal programs
  • Demonstrate that Ecosystem (Seas to Summit) conservation is practical and effective
  • Support, catalyze innovation in conservation techniques
  • Support the science and mechanisms for adaptive management, learning and dissemination of successful strategies
  • Provide incentives for strengthened partnerships (national, state, local - Governmental / non-governmental)

Coral Reef Conservation

TNC goals


  • Expand the area of coral reefs and associated habitats under protection;
  • Build resilience into MPA selection, design, and management;
  • Establish mutually-replenishing, representative MPA networks;
  • Strengthen the management effectiveness and financial sustainability of MPAs

Caribbean, Pacific (eastern and western), Southeast Asia


Coral Reef Conservation

Potential Early Implementation Actions

  • Increased support of US Coral Reef Task Force Action Plan implementation
  • -Local Action Strategies
  • -Climate change and coral reefs (resilience)
  • -Capacity building
  • Strengthened science and monitoring programs
  • Increased support for MPAs and MPA Networks
  • Strengthened links between MPA Management and Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management
  • Building resilience into coral reef conservation
  • USCRTF is one effective model for a partnership / ecosystem approach

How can TNC be a helpful partner in catalyzing action ?

  • State Level
    • State TNC teams work with Governors’ offices on comments
    • Contribute to identifying potential demonstration projects; identify funding opportunities
    • Contribute to developing capacity, project implementation
  • National Level
    • Work with National Governors Association; Coastal States Organization; other NGOS on comments
    • Work with both the Administration and Congress on both a strong, positive, early actions as well as long term strategy