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Local Coping Strategies and Technologies for Adaptation to Climate Change: Bhutan. Thinley Namgyel National Environment Commission Royal Government of Bhutan. Bhutan. Located in Eastern Himalayas Area : 38,394 km2 Population: 800,000 (2002 estimate). Bhutan Vulnerability.

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local coping strategies and technologies for adaptation to climate change bhutan

Local Coping Strategies and Technologies for Adaptation to Climate Change: Bhutan

Thinley Namgyel

National Environment Commission

Royal Government of Bhutan

bhutan
Bhutan
  • Located in Eastern Himalayas
  • Area : 38,394 km2
  • Population: 800,000 (2002 estimate)

Bhutan Coping Strategies

bhutan vulnerability
Bhutan Vulnerability
  • Agrarian population
    • 80% of population
    • 32.9 of GDP
  • Water Resources
    • 10% of GDP
    • 30,000 MW potential power generation

Bhutan Coping Strategies

bhutan vulnerability4
Bhutan Vulnerability
  • Forests and Biodiversity
    • 70% forest
    • high diversity - Eastern Himalayan hotspot
  • Natural Disasters
    • Glacial Lake Outbursts Floods
    • Landslides
  • Human Health
    • Increase in tropical diseases and heat stress

Bhutan Coping Strategies

impacts and measures
Impacts and Measures
  • Agriculture:
    • Migration of agro-ecological zones to north and higher altitude
    • Vulnerability to increase in pests and erratic precipitation
    • Research centers and farmer collaboration for developing and testing new varieties
      • Eg. High altitude rice
    • Forecasting and early warning for local weather

Bhutan Coping Strategies

impacts and measures6
Impacts and Measures
  • Water Resources & Forests
    • Streams and small rivers are sources for irrigation, drinking water, hydroelectricity
    • Rivers and streams charged by monsoon rains, winter snows and glaciers.
    • Strong policy of forest protection
    • Community awareness and participation in watershed management
      • Eg protection of communal springs and watersheds

Bhutan Coping Strategies

impacts and measures7
Impacts and Measures
  • Glacial Lake Outburst Floods
    • 24 potentially dangerous lakes
    • Last flood in 1994
    • Lowering lake levels
    • Early warning systems
    • Risk assessment & mapping

Bhutan Coping Strategies

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Use and support existing mechanisms
    • Farmer - researcher cooperation
    • Adopting new techniques/technologies
  • Improved technologies to support existing mechanisms
    • Research funds, new techniques
    • Early warning technologies
  • Awareness and ownership important for community participation
    • Forest and watershed protection

Bhutan Coping Strategies

slide9
Tashi Delek

www.nec.gov.bt

Bhutan Coping Strategies

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