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Peter Scott & Co Ltd. Finest Quality Knitwear Since 1878. Company History. Founded in 1878 by Peter Scott One of the oldest independent Scottish Knitwear manufacturers in operation Manufactured undergarments until late 1950`s 160 employees. Yarn.

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Peter Scott & Co Ltd

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    1. Peter Scott & Co Ltd Finest Quality Knitwear Since 1878

    2. Company History • Founded in 1878 by Peter Scott • One of the oldest independent Scottish Knitwear manufacturers in operation • Manufactured undergarments until late 1950`s • 160 employees

    3. Yarn • Two types of fibre used to spin the yarn - Animal & Plant • Fibre: Unit of hair, whose length is 200 times greater than its width. Length of fibre very important. • Staple fibre: Fibre of limited length - all natural fibre • Fibres are drawn and twisted • Friction between the fibres holds the yarn together with the twist

    4. Luxury Yarns:- Cashmere • From the goat native to Tibet, Persia, Kashmir and China • Australia now supplies raw material on a commercial basis • The undercoat or downy is used for the manufacture of knitwear • Before the fibre can be spun it has to be dehaired to remove the courser hair • Approx 3.5 goats for 1 sweater

    5. Luxury Yarns:- Lamora • A blend of extra fine Merino wool and Angora from the Angora rabbit farmed mainly in China • Angora: One of the finest of animal fibres. Selected, reared and scientifically fed. • Ultimately, the hair is combed out by hand, then classified for quality The end result is a luxurious garment of extreme softness and excellence

    6. Luxury Yarns:- Lambswool • Mainly produced in Australia from Merino sheep • Taken from the first clipping of the sheep • Clipping causes the further fleece to toughen

    7. Knitting • Yarn is delivered to machines from yarn store • Peter Scott use three gauges of machinery: • 21gg / 12ndl - for finer gauge yarns • 15gg / 8ndl for the “bread and butter” sweater i.e. Lambswool • 9gg / 5ndl - for heavier weight of yarns • The higher the number of gauge the finer the weight of garment

    8. Knitting • The first step is the rib, skirts and cuffs, knitted with a slack course and draw thread • Rib are run on to bars, one stitch to one needle. A missed stitch would cause a drop stitch where rib the joins main panel

    9. Knitting • Plain Frames, BCI Intarsia Frames and Shima Seiki machines used in production of Peter Scott knitwear • Computer aided knitting, with 60 million colours available, using colours for different processes.

    10. Assembly • The first stage is called “Body Binding” • The knitting machines produce the various panels i.e. front ,back, sleeves • The top of the fronts and backs are binded along the shoulder in a similar fashion to the running on of the rib skirt • The sleeves are then attached in the same way by a fine seam so as not to irritate the shoulder of the wearer

    11. Assembly • Fronts, backs and sleeves joined, next step is to complete the side and sleeve seams, termed appropriately, seaming. Seams to be joined are fed through two cups (grooved wheels) • The wheels, level with each other, are used to keep the tension equal as the sweater passes through • The seaming mechanism adjoins the cups so the parts are seamed immediately on leaving the cups • The garment at this stage is still inside out


    13. Bar Tacking & Greasy Examination • The garment has now been assembled but before washing the ends of the seams must be tacked to prevent run back • This process is repeated until all the tails have been tacked and the tails removed • The garments are checked for flaws prior to washing • Flaws such as holes, knots, stains are all marked and rectified at this stage

    14. Weighing In & Milling • Ready for the wash the garments are sorted into bundles • First the neck trims are matched to the relevant bundles, then they are sorted into qualities and colours • The bundles are then weighed for costing purposes • The garments are then given an accurately controlled wash dependant on quality of yarn important for maintaining colour and handle • Garments are then rinsed thoroughly and tumble dried • Not completely dry the garments are ready to move on to the next stage

    15. Boarding:-Turning & Sizing • The term clean is given to the garments now they have been washed, from here every care is taken to ensure they remain meticulously clean • Received in a damp condition from milling they are turned the correct way around, tumbled to a completely dry state and sorted into their sizes • The garments are all knitted with a size mark or thread to differentiate their sizes • 36”=2 marks • 38”=3 marks • 40”=4 marks • 42”=1 mark

    16. Boarding:- Paris Press • The press can be compared to a body with two moveable arms • The arms are raised, the garment is pulled over the body, the arms are lowered • A pedal is then depressed which expands the machine to the size that coincides with that of the garment • The seams are then straightened and steam is blown through for a few seconds • A drying cycle then follows with the steam being vacuumed away • The garments are then removed, folded into “production fold” and sent forward with their respective trimmings


    18. Trimming • There are numerous operations in this department • Lock stitching is used for attaching ribbon to cardigan fronts • Button hole machines stitch a button hole then cuts the hole through the centre of the stitching • Buttons are then stitched on by another machine specifically made for the job

    19. Cutting • The operator places a cardboard shape on the garment, the outline of which is determined by the shape of neck required • The centre mark on the shape is aligned with the centre mark made at the knitting stage • The operator then cuts around the shape removing the piece of fabric at the neck • The waste move with the garment to be used for mending any holes that may occur

    20. Collar Binding • The collar is attached by the operator by running on the stitches to the points on the machine • The neck are of the garment is then run on, and for a second time the collar, creating a sandwich with the sweater in the middle • The parts are then linked together by the looper/needle mechanism • The next stage is to remove the “hold on” courses • The neck at this point are still unfinished and are forwarded to the hand sew department where the two ends of the collar are stitched together


    22. Looking (Examination) • Garments are given a thorough examination for flaws, using a magnifying glass • Types of flaws that can be found at this stage are • knots • thick or thin rows of knitting • foreign hairs, either spun in the yarn or picked up during manufacture • dirty marks or stains • Garments found to have any of the flaws above are rectified by the menders prior to being sent forward • Garments may be rejected as a “second” if the flaw was excessive

    23. Pressing • The garments are placed on the bottom of two beds, the upper being moveable • When the operator is happy the side seams and sleeves are straight and the collar pinned to shape the top bed is lowered • Steam is then passed through the garment for a few seconds • The top bed is lifted and the residual water is vacuumed away • Shirt collars are all individually hand ironed


    25. Final Examination • Final examination for any flaws that have gone unnoticed or occurred since the last check • The garments are all measured to ensure the article lies within the permissible dimensions, any discrepancies are adjusted in accordingly • This department is to ensure the garment is in perfect condition prior to despatch

    26. Tabbing and Stock Department • Once the garments are checked they are then ticketed, folded and inserted into polythene bags prior to being stored in the stockroom • The garments are now ready to tab, barcode where required, and ship • When the despatch dates arrive the order is checked against the original order, packed, invoiced and shipped to their destination

    27. Embroidery • Designs are sent in for logos, which can be anything from letterheads to other embroidered goods • Designs are scanned & transferred into instructions the embroidery computer will understand • Machines can embroider up to 12 garments at once • Almost any type of badge can be made from the simplest script to the more complex appliqué