Chinese 101. Brought to you by UWCESA. History. Chinese is one of the very first languages in the world. The Chinese language makes use of pictograms and ideograms extensively. Pictograms are characters that represent the object of the picture.
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Chinese 101 Brought to you by UWCESA
History • Chinese is one of the very first languages in the world. • The Chinese language makes use of pictograms and ideograms extensively. • Pictograms are characters that represent the object of the picture. • Ideograms are characters that represent ideas. • Both of the above are used as radicals in the Chinese characters.
Pictograms • These are some of the pictograms that were used by Chinese. Can you tell what characters they represent?
Evolution • The pictograms shown in the above slide have evolved over time to become the Chinese characters we have now.
Ideograms • Ideograms express ideas through words, let’s take a look.
Number System • There are some similarities as well as differences between the English and the Chinese numbering system. • We use Arabic 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 to form our number system. • What do Chinese use for counting?
Number System • Instead of using 1 and 0 for TEN, the Chinese numbering system have a special character for counting TEN. • You will continue to see the amazing things you can do with Chinese numbers.
Number System • Chinese numbers follow this *multiply in front* and *add at the end* rule. • How do we write 11? We take the TEN character 十, and add a ONE 一. So the resulting number would be 十一(sup yat) for eleven. • How about 58? Simple. We write a 五, multiply by 十, and add 八. 五十八(ng sup bat), which means 5 * 10 + 8 = 58.
Number System • Like English, the Chinese numbers have characters for HUNDRED and THOUSAND. They are 百 and 千, respectively. • Same old rule, you always *multiply in front* and *add at the end*. • Let’s do some exercises.
Number System Exercise • 六十四? • 九十七? • 三百二十五? • 一千八百? • 49? • 8215?
Greetings • Good Morning 早jo 晨sun • Good Afternoon 午ng 安on • Good Night 晚man 安on • Hello 你lei 好ho • Good Bye 再joi 見kin • How Are You? 你lei好ho嗎ma
Greetings/Common terms • Thank You 多dor 謝jeh • Good Fortune To You 恭gong喜hei發fat財choi • This is yummy! 好ho味may道dou • Happy New Year 新sun年lin快fai樂lok • Merry X’mas 聖sing誕dan快fai樂lok
Disciplines • Engineering 工gung程ching • Computer 電din腦lo • Electrical 電din機gei • Systems Design系hai統tone設chit計gai • Mechanical 機gei 械haai • Chemical 化fa學hok • Environmental 環wan 境geng • Software 軟yuen 體tai • Geological 地dei質jut • Civil 土to木mook • Mechatronics 機gei電din
Chinese Food & Restaurants • Chinese Restaurants “Cha Lau” or “Jou Lau” are a place for food consumption as well as gathering of family and friends. • In Chinese Restaurants, having lunch is called “yum cha”, in direct translation it means “to have tea” • The food that is ordered during “yum cha” is called “dim sum”. • Dim Sum are small platters of food that is ordered progressively (not all ordered at once as in other restaurants). • Other than eating dim sum, drinking Chinese tea is also an integral part of yum cha (dining at Chinese Restaurants).